USS Cyane (1815)
|Ordered:||30 January 1805|
|Laid down:||August 1805|
|Launched:||14 October 1806|
|Fate:||Captured by USS Constitution, 20 February 1815|
|Acquired:||Captured 20 February 1815|
|Fate:||Broken up, 1836|
|Class and type:||Banterer-class sixth-rate|
|Length:||118 ft 2 in (36.02 m)|
|Beam:||32 ft 0.5 in (9.766 m)|
|Depth:||10 ft 6 in (3.20 m)|
|Complement:||180 officers and enlisted (in USN service)|
Cyane was a Royal Navy sailing Banterer-class sixth-rate ship of 22 guns, built in 1806 at Topsham, near Exeter, England. She was ordered in January 1805 as HMS Columbine and was renamed Cyane on 6 December of that year.
Under Captain Thomas Staines she captured the Spanish privateer Medusa in 1808 which was the last ship captured by the British before Spain turned against Napoleon. In May 1809 she was badly damaged during a battle with French gunboats and the French frigate Ceres.
She was captured with HMS Levant on 20 February 1815 by USS Constitution after a 40-minute night engagement off Madeira. With Constitution's second lieutenant Hoffman as prize master, she successfully escaped recapture by a pursuing British squadron on 12 March and arrived in America on 10 April. She was adjudicated by a prize court and purchased by the Navy and renamed USS Cyane.
Cyane cruised off the west coast of Africa from 1819–1820 and in the West Indies from 1820–1821 protecting the Liberian colony and suppressing piracy and the slave trade. In this regard she was a predecessor to the Africa Squadron. She cruised in the Mediterranean 1824–1825, and on the Brazil Station 1826–1827. Laid up at Philadelphia Navy Yard, she sank in 1835 and was raised and broken up the following year.
The April/May 1983 issue of American Heritage magazine carried an article "What it was like to be Shot up by Old Ironsides" concerning the discovery of three pages of HMS Cyane's logbook from 13–20 February 1815, with a transcription of the 20 February 1815 battle.
- Blake, Nicholas Howard; Lawrence, Richard (2005). The Illustrated Companion to Nelson's Navy. Stackpole Books. ISBN 9780811732758.
- Register of the Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the Navy of the United States, including Officers of the Marine Corps, and other, for the Year 1825. Secretary of the Navy. 1825.
- Silversteen, Paul H. The Sailing Navy 1775–1854. Naval Institute Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-415-97872-9.
- Pochin Mould, Daphne D. C. (April–May 1983). "What it was like to be Shot Up by 'Old Ironsides'". American Heritage. 34 (3).
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.