USS Dayton (CL-105)
USS Dayton (CL-105)
|Namesake:||City of Dayton, Ohio|
|Builder:||New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey|
|Laid down:||8 March 1943|
|Launched:||19 March 1944|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. H. Rueger|
|Commissioned:||7 January 1945|
|Decommissioned:||1 March 1949|
|Struck:||1 September 1961|
|1 × battle stars|
|Fate:||Sold for scrap on 6 April 1962|
|Class and type:||Cleveland-class light cruiser|
|Beam:||66 ft 4 in (20.22 m)|
|Speed:||32.5 kn (37.4 mph; 60.2 km/h)|
|Range:||11,000 nmi (20,000 km) at 15 kn (17 mph; 28 km/h)|
|Complement:||1,255 officers and enlisted|
|Aircraft carried:||4 × floatplanes|
|Aviation facilities:||2 × stern catapults|
The ship was launched 19 March 1944 by New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey, sponsored by Mrs. H. Rueger, and commissioned 7 January 1945, Captain Paul William Steinhagen in command. Construction for Dayton was underwritten in part by the citizens of the City of Dayton Ohio through the purchase of war bonds.
Dayton arrived at Pearl Harbor 15 May for training, and reached San Pedro Bay, Leyte, 16 June to join the 3rd Fleet. On 1 July, she sortied with the Fleet for the final strikes along the Japanese coast, screening the fast carrier task groups and conducting shore bombardments. She entered Tokyo Bay 10 September and, except for a brief period of upkeep at Eniwetok, remained on occupation duty until 7 November when she got underway for San Pedro, California, arriving 19 November.
Dayton sailed from San Pedro 24 January 1946 and arrived at Pearl Harbor 6 days later en route to Japan. Her orders were changed and on 7 February she sailed to join the U.S. Atlantic Fleet, conducting training at Guantanamo Bay on her way to Norfolk, Virginia, her assigned home port.
On 3 February 1947, Dayton sailed from Norfolk for a tour in the Mediterranean, exercising off Malta, and paying calls, including a diplomatic visit to Istanbul, Turkey. She sailed again for the Mediterranean in late July, where she served as the flagship of the Commander of Naval Forces, Mediterranean (COMNAVMED). During this cruise the ship was dispatched to Bari, Italy to load rockets needed by the US and British forces protecting Trieste from insurgents allied with Yugoslavia. This deck cargo was unloaded in Trieste following a high speed run to that city in October 1947. This visit coincided with the announcement by the Western powers that Trieste would be turned over to newly formed Italian government. The citizens of the city chose the opportunity to demonstrate in favor of the decision and the crowd surged onto the pier where the Dayton was tied, causing concern over the security of the ship. The ship then sailed to Venice, tying up at San Marco Square. After a short visit in that city the ship returned to Trieste and shortly after returned to Boston on 30 November 1947.
Following local operations from Newport and another cruise to the Mediterranean between 9 February and 26 June 1948, Dayton was placed out of commission in reserve at Boston 1 March 1949. She was stricken from the Naval Register on 1 September 1961, and sold 6 April 1962, to Boston Metals, Baltimore, Maryland.
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one battle star
- World War II Victory Medal
- Navy Occupation Medal with "ASIA" clasp
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
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