USS Dukes County (LST-735)

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LST-735
LST-735 off Wonsan, Korea c. 1953
History
United States
Name: USS LST-735
Builder: Dravo Corporation, Neville Island, Pittsburgh
Laid down: 30 January 1944
Launched: 11 March 1944
Commissioned: 26 April 1944
Decommissioned: March 1946
Recommissioned: 3 November 1950
Renamed: USS Dukes County (LST-735), 1 July 1955
Decommissioned: 1957
Struck: 1 November 1974
Honours and
awards:
Fate: Leased to the Republic of China, May 1957
Struck: 1 November 1974
Fate: Sold to the Republic of China, 1974
History
Taiwan
Name: ROCS Chung Hai (LST-219)
Acquired: May 1957
Renamed: ROCS Kao Hsiung (AGC-1), 1968[1]
General characteristics
Class and type: LST-542-class tank landing ship
Displacement:
  • 1,780 long tons (1,809 t) light
  • 3,640 long tons (3,698 t) full
Length: 328 ft (100 m)
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft:
  • 8 ft (2.4 m) forward
  • 14 ft 4 in (4.37 m) aft
Propulsion: 2 × General Motors 12-567 diesel engines, two shafts
Speed: 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Troops: Approximately 140 officers and enlisted men
Complement: 8-10 officers, 100-115 enlisted men
Armament:

USS Dukes County (LST-735) was an LST-542-class tank landing ship built for the United States Navy during World War II. Named after Dukes County, Massachusetts, she was the only U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name.

LST-735 was laid down on 30 January 1944 at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania by the Dravo Corporation of Neville Island; launched on 11 March 1944; sponsored by Mrs. G. W. Fearnside; and commissioned on 26 April 1944 at New Orleans, Louisiana with Lieutenant Theodore F. Aldous in command.

Service history[edit]

During World War II, LST-735 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific theater and participated in the following operations: capture and occupation of Saipan (August 1944); Lingayen Gulf landing (January 1945); Zambales-Subic Bay (January 1945); and the assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto (March through June 1945).

LST-735 was decommissioned in March 1946 and reactivated on 3 November 1950 when she performed service during the Korean War and after with Commander Mine Forces, Pacific. Assigned as a minesweeper support ship in July 1951, she made a Korean War deployment in 1952-53 and had additional Western Pacific tours in 1953-54 and 1955-56.

Renamed USS Dukes County (LST-735) 1 July 1955, the ship was subsequently decommissioned (date unknown) and leased to the Republic of China (Taiwan) in May 1957 and again renamed Chung Hai (LST-219). Struck from the Naval Vessel Register 1 November 1974, she was sold to Taiwan in 1974 and renamed Kao Hsiung (AGC-1).

Kao Hsiung is still serving with the Taiwan Navy and was visited in March 2012 by Fleet Master Chief John Minyard of Pacific Fleet Command. He reported that she is in outstanding condition and is battle ready. In 2016 She was selected to host as Mark 41 Vertical Launching System test bed for Taiwan.

LST-735 earned four battle stars for World War II service and three for Korean service.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bridgeman, Leonard. "313." Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II. London: Studio, 1946. p. 1973 ships. ISBN 1 85170 493 0.

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

  • "LST-735". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Retrieved 12 June 2007. 
  • "LST-735 Dukes County". Amphibious Photo Archive. Retrieved 12 June 2007. 
LST-735 off Wonsan, Korea c. 1953. A Sikorsky H-19 "Chickasaw" helicopter (left) and a Sikorsky H-5 model (right) sit atop her deck.
ROCS Kao Hsiung (AGC-1) off Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 2010.