|Namesake:||Merritt A. Edson|
|Awarded:||27 January 1956|
|Builder:||Bath Iron Works, Bath ME|
|Laid down:||3 December 1956|
|Launched:||4 January 1958|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. M. A. Edson (widow)|
|Acquired:||31 October 1958|
|Commissioned:||7 November 1958|
|Decommissioned:||15 December 1988|
|Struck:||31 January 1989|
|Homeport:||Long Beach, CA|
|Identification:||NJRE (radio call sign)|
|Nickname(s):||Fast Eddie, The Grey Ghost of the Vietnamese Coast|
|Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal, Navy Unit Commendation, Vietnam Service Medal, National Defense Medal, Combat Action Medal, Meritorious Unit Commendation|
|Status:||Museum Ship at Saginaw Valley Naval Ship Museum, Bay City, Michigan since 2013|
|Class and type:||Forrest Sherman-class destroyer|
|Beam:||45 ft (14 m)|
|Draught:||22 ft (6.7 m)|
|Propulsion:||4 × 1,200 psi (8.3 MPa) Babcock & Wilcox boilers, Worthington steam turbines; 70,000 shp (52 MW); 2 × shafts.|
|Speed:||32.5 knots (60.2 km/h)|
|Complement:||17 officers, 218 enlisted.|
|Location||Bay City, Michigan|
|NRHP Reference #||90000333|
|Added to NRHP||21 June 1990|
|Designated NHL||21 June 1990|
USS Edson (DD-946) is a Forrest Sherman-class destroyer, formerly of the United States Navy, built by Bath Iron Works in Maine in 1958. Her home port was Long Beach, California and she initially served in the Western Pacific/Far East, operating particularly in the Taiwan Strait and off the coast of Vietnam. Her exceptionally meritorious service in 1964 in the Gulf of Tonkin was recognized with the first of three Navy Unit Commendations. During the following years she was shelled by North Vietnamese land forces, and apparently received friendly fire from the US Air Force.
She was decommissioned in 1988, but the following year became a museum ship at the Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum in New York. Returning to Navy lay-up in 2004, it was agreed in 2012 that she should again become a museum ship, at Bay City, Michigan. A National Historic Landmark, she is one of only two surviving Forest Sherman-class destroyers.
Commissioning and initial service
USS Edson was named for Major General Merritt “Red Mike” Edson USMC (1897–1955), who was awarded the Medal of Honor (while serving as Commanding Officer of the First Marine Raider Battalion on Guadalcanal) and the Navy Cross and Silver Star for other actions in World War II.
Edson was laid down on December 3, 1956 by Bath Iron Works Corporation, Bath, Maine; launched on January 4, 1958, sponsored by Mrs. M. A. Edson, widow of General Edson; and commissioned on November 7, 1958, with Commander Thomas J. Moriarty in command.
Edson called at Ciudad Trujillo and Caribbean ports while conducting shakedown training en route to Callao, Peru, where she lay from February 18–21, 1959 delivering supplies for the U.S. Embassy in Lima, Peru. She reached Naval Station Long Beach, California, her home port, on March 2, and through the remainder of the year perfected her readiness with exercises along the west coast. On January 5, 1960, she sailed from Long Beach for her first deployment in the Far East, during which she patrolled in the Taiwan Straits and took part in amphibious operations off Okinawa, and exercises of various types off Japan. On April 29, she rescued three aviators from USS Ranger, whose A-3D aircraft crash landed in the ocean. Edson returned to Long Beach on May 31 for an overhaul which continued through October. Edson spent the remainder of 1960 conducting training off San Diego.
In June 1961 Edson, together with the other ships of DESDIV 231, sailed to Portland, Oregon, to represent the U.S. Navy at the annual Rose Festival. On August 11, 1961, Edson sailed from Long Beach harbor to start her second WESTPAC deployment. She spent three months in operations with the attack carriers USS Ranger and USS Ticonderoga and spent the month of December patrolling the straits between Taiwan and the mainland of Communist China.
On Friday, March 13, 1964, Edson departed for her third WESTPAC deployment. After the transit, Edson began duties with the Taiwan Patrol Force, CTF 72. The end of May and the months of June and July 1964 were filled with carrier operations, Gunfire Support Training in the Philippines, and operation LICTAS, a joint SEATO operation off the coast of the Philippines. August found Edson in the Gulf of Tonkin on special operations. It was here she was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation for exceptionally meritorious service in support of operations in the Gulf of Tonkin during the period August 2–5, 1964. On her fifth deployment in 1967, she received a hit from a North Vietnamese shore battery while providing a naval gunfire support mission.
Edson served as plane guard for aircraft carriers on Yankee Station in the Tonkin Gulf, participated in Sea Dragon operations, patrolled on search and rescue duties, and carried out Naval Gunfire Support missions during the Vietnam War. On June 17, 1968 she apparently took friendly fire from the US Air Force, along with several other U.S. and Australian ships.
On December 12, 1974, Edson suffered a fire in the after fireroom while training with the USS Coral Sea. The fire was caused by the ignition of oil which was spraying from a rupture in a lube oil gauge line. The area was secured and fire extinguished with no personnel casualties.
In January 1975, after repairs in Hawaii, the Edson continued on to WESPAC and in April she participated in Operation Eagle Pull (evacuation of Phnom Penh, Cambodia) and Operation Frequent Wind (evacuation of Saigon, Vietnam), earning two Meritorious Unit Commendations.
The Edson was decommissioned on December 15, 1988, and towed to the Philadelphia Inactive Ships Maintenance Facility for storage. At the time of her decommissioning, she was the last all-gun destroyer in the United States Navy.
In popular culture
The ship's name is prominently displayed in episode 104 of The Twilight Zone, "The Thirty-Fathom Grave", first aired in 1963. While all of the action occurs on the Edson, the ship in the opening and closing stock shots is another Sherman-class destroyer, the USS Mullinnix.
A scene showing the Edson, DD-946, is in the March 24, 1963 episode (entitled "Operation Stowaway") of the television series Ensign O'Toole; portraying the series DD, the (fictitious) "USS Appleby", near Washington, D.C.
The Edson served as a museum ship at the Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum in New York City from June 30, 1989 to June 14, 2004 when it was replaced by a Concorde airliner. The ship was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1990.
In 2004 the ship was towed to the Brooklyn Navy Yard, where hull repairs were completed, and then towed back to the Philadelphia Inactive Ships Maintenance Facility for storage. The Saginaw Valley Naval Ship Museum at Bay City, Michigan, and the Wisconsin Naval Ship Association at Sheboygan, Wisconsin both submitted applications to the Naval Sea Systems Command to relocate the Edson and reinstate her as a museum ship in their respective locations. The Bay City proposal was successful.
The Navy declared USS Edson seaworthy on July 17, 2012  and it was cleared to begin its journey to Michigan on 1July 18with arrival at the museum site on August 7, 2012. After roughly a year at a temporary mooring at Wirt Stone docks, she was floated up the Saginaw river to her permanent mooring site, and on Tuesday, May 7, 2013 at 15:01 hours, the USS Edson arrived at her permanent mooring site in Bangor Township, MI @ Coordinates: .
- List of United States Navy destroyers
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Michigan
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Bay County, Michigan
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "USS Edson (Destroyer)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. September 14, 2007. Archived from the original on December 20, 2014.
- "NHL nomination for USS Edson" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
- "HMAS HOBART — attacked by US Airforce June 1968 Vietnam". Retrieved 2007-09-25.
- James P. Delgado (January 8, 1990). "USS Edson (DD-946)" (PDF). National Park Service.
- USS Edson (DD-946)--Accompanying 6 photos, exterior and interior, from 1966 and 1989 "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination" Check
|url=value (help) (PDF). National Park Service. January 8, 1990.
- "Navy declares USS Edson sea-worthy, destroyer to begin voyage to Saginaw River tomorrow". Michigan Live LLC.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to USS Edson (DD-946).|