USS Hamilton (1809)
The sail-plan of USS Hamilton.
|Namesake:||Paul Hamilton (1762-1816), United States Secretary of the Navy (1809-1813)|
|Acquired:||21 October 1812|
|Renamed:||From Diana to Hamilton 5 November 1812|
|Fate:||Foundered 8 August 1813|
|Length:||110 ft (34 m)|
|Notes:||42 lost; 8 saved|
Hamilton was built at Oswego, New York, as the merchant ship Diana in 1809 for the merchant Matthew McNair. On 21 October 1812, the U.S. Navy purchased the Diana for use on Lake Ontario. Diana was based at Sackets Harbor, New York. Her name was changed to the USS Hamilton on 5 November 1812, in honor of the United States Secretary of the Navy Paul Hamilton (1762-1816).
Hamilton was not a large or specialized warship; instead, she was a simple ship that was pressed into U.S. Navy service. With the conversion of Hamilton to a man-of-war problems came up such as the decks not being strong enough to carry naval guns and the bulwarks not being high enough to provide enough protection for the gun crews. Nonetheless, the 76-gross ton Hamilton was armed with eight 12-pound carronades and one swiveling 24-or 32-pound "Long Tom" cannon mounted amidships.
Hamilton, under the command of a Lieutenant Winter, and the schooner USS Scourge sank during a sudden squall off Fourteen Mile Creek near present-day Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, around 2:00 a.m. on 8 August 1813. Sixteen men survived from the two ships, but the sinkings took more than 80 men to their deaths.  Ned Myers, a survivor of Scourge, told his story to James Fenimore Cooper; according to Myers, about eight men from Hamilton were saved and about 42 were lost.
The site of the sunken ships was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1976. The Ontario Heritage Act was amended in 2005 to provide special protection to the wrecks of Hamilton and Scourge because of their historical and cultural significance and because they contain human remains.
- According to website at
- "Hamilton-Scourge web site". Retrieved 28 January 2007.
- Brannan, John (1823). Official Letters of the Military and Naval Officers of the United States, During the War with Great Britain in the Years 1812, 13, 14, & 15. Way & Gideon. pp. 195–196. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- Cooper, James Fenimore (1843). Ned Myers: Or, A Life Before the Mast. Lea and Blanchard. p. 74. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- Hamilton and Scourge, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
- Hamilton and Scourge, National Register of Historic Places
- Blake, Erica (8 February 2006). "Fitzgerald wreck site gets added protection". The Blade. Toledo, Ohio. Archived from the original on 24 February 2006. Retrieved 6 March 2011.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/h1/hamilton-i.htm US Navy Library entry on loss of USS Hamilton
- August 1813 letter reporting Loss of Hamilton and Scourge
- Ned Myers account