USS Hawkbill (SSN-666)
USS Hawkbill (SSN-666) off Southern California on 1 February 1991
|Name:||USS Hawkbill (SSN-666)|
|Namesake:||Misspelling carried over from previous ship of the name (USS Hawkbill (SS-366)) of "hawksbill", a large sea turtle|
|Ordered:||18 December 1964|
|Builder:||Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California|
|Laid down:||12 September 1966|
|Launched:||12 April 1969|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Bernard F. Roeder|
|Commissioned:||4 February 1971|
|Decommissioned:||15 March 2000|
|Struck:||15 March 2000|
|Nickname:||"The Devil Boat"
|Fate:||Scrapping via Ship and Submarine Recycling Program begun 15 March 2000, completed 1 December 2000|
|Class and type:||Sturgeon-class attack submarine|
|Displacement:||4,002 long tons (4,066 t) light
4,294 long tons (4,363 t) full
292 long tons (297 t) dead
|Length:||292 ft (89 m)|
|Beam:||32 ft (9.8 m)|
|Draft:||29 ft (8.8 m)|
|Installed power:||15,000 shaft horsepower (11.2 megawatts)|
|Propulsion:||One S5W nuclear reactor, two steam turbines, one screw|
|Speed:||15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) surfaced
25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||1,300 feet (396 meters)|
|Complement:||109 (14 officers, 95 enlisted men)|
|Armament:||4 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes|
USS Hawkbill (SSN-666), a Sturgeon-class attack submarine, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for the hawksbill, a large sea turtle. The name perpetuated the inadvertent misspelling of "hawksbill" in the naming of the first ship of the name, USS Hawkbill (SS-366).
Hawkbill was sometimes called "The Devil Boat" or the "Devilfish" because of her hull number (666); chapter 13 of the Bible 's Book of Revelation, which begins "And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea...." and ends "Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is six hundred threescore and six;" and the resulting association in Christianity of the number 666 with the Devil and the Antichrist.
Construction and commissioning
The contract to build Hawkbill was awarded to the Mare Island Division of San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard in Vallejo, California, on 18 December 1964 and her keel was laid down there on 12 September 1966. She was launched on 12 April 1969, sponsored by Mrs. Bernard F. Roeder, the wife of Vice Admiral Bernard F. Roeder, Commander United States First Fleet, and commissioned on 4 February 1971 with Commander Christopher H. Brown in command.
|This section requires expansion with: history from 1971 to 1980. (January 2010)|
In 1980, Hawkbill completed a scheduled overhaul of her reactor core at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard at Bremerton, Washington, with her crew berthed at Naval Submarine Base Bangor at Bangor, Washington. After sea trials and sound trials and port visits to Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada; Alameda, California; and San Diego, California, Hawkbill returned to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, commanded by Fredric Crawford.
|This section requires expansion with: history from 1980 to 1982. (January 2010)|
|This section requires expansion with: history from 1982 to 1984. (January 2010)|
In early 1984, Hawkbill deployed to the Arctic under the command of George Roletter, undertaking an 87-day excursion under the polar ice cap which ended with a visit to Chinhae, South Korea. She also made weekend dependent cruises from Pearl Harbor to Lahaina, Maui, Hawaii, during 1984.
|This section requires expansion with: history from 1984 to 2000. (January 2010)|
Hawkbill was decommissioned on 15 March 2000, the last of the "short-hull" Sturgeon-class attack submarinees to be decommissioned, and that same day both was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register and entered the Ship and Submarine Recycling Program at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard for scrapping. Her scrapping was completed on 1 December 2000.
For further history, see also this external link: http://www.usshawkbill.com/hawkhist.htm.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.
- NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive Hawkbill (SSN-666) Keel Laying / Commissioning
- NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive Hawkbill (SSN-666) Active Service - Decommissioning