USS Indra (ARL-37)
USS Indra (ARL-37), underway c. 1960s
|Builder:||Chicago Bridge & Iron Company, Seneca, Illinois|
|Laid down:||12 February 1945|
|Sponsored by:||Regina K. Hlubak|
|Decommissioned:||6 October 1947|
|Renamed:||Indra, 15 August 1944|
|Refit:||converted to Landing Craft Repair Ship|
|Recommissioned:||16 December 1967|
|2 × battle stars, Vietnam War|
|Fate:||Transferred to North Carolina, January 1992|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:|
|Length:||328 ft (100 m) oa|
|Beam:||50 ft (15 m)|
|Draft:||11 ft 2 in (3.40 m)|
|Speed:||11.6 kn (21.5 km/h; 13.3 mph)|
|Complement:||19 officers 270 enlisted|
USS Indra (ARL-37) was one of 39 Achelous-class landing craft repair ships built for the United States Navy during World War II. Named for Indra (the god of weather and war, and lord of Svargaloka in Hinduism), she was the only US Naval vessel to bear the name, and only one of two ships (along with USS Krishna) to be named after a Hindu deity.
Originally laid down as LST-1147 on 12 February 1945; reclassified while building and launched as ARL-37 by Chicago Bridge & Iron Company, of Seneca, Illinois, 21 May 1945; sponsored by Mrs. Regina K. Hlubek; placed in reduced commission and brought to Bethlehem-Key Highway Shipyard, Baltimore, for conversion, and commissioned 2 October 1945, with Lieutenant Commander R. J. Siegelman in command.
After shakedown, Indra sailed to Green Cove Springs, Florida, where she remained from 30 November 1945, until 8 May 1946. She then steamed through the Panama Canal to San Diego, arriving 4 June 1946. The ship remained in California until departing 7 January 1947, for the Far East. Indra arrived at Tsingtao, 19 February 1947, to support the United States Marines there attempting to stabilize the volatile Chinese situation and protect American lives and property. She performed repair and general services there and at Shanghai, until 30 August 1947, when she sailed for San Diego. Upon her arrival on 25 September 1947, Indra was decommissioned on 6 October 1947, and entered the Pacific Reserve Fleet, San Diego Group.
Indra was recommissioned 16 December 1967. During the Vietnam War, Indra participated in the following campaigns:
- Vietnamese Counteroffensive - Phase IV (2 April to 16 April 1968)
- Vietnamese Counteroffensive - Phase V (21 September to 1 November 1968)
Decommissioned in May 1970, she was struck from the Naval Vessel Register in 1984. Transferred to the state of North Carolina in January 1992, she was sunk as an artificial reef off the coast of North Carolina on 4 August 1992.
- "LST-1147". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 23 October 2018. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Indra". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 23 October 2018. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "USS Indra (ARL-37)". Navsource.org. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- Mobile Riverine Force Association (4 October 1999). "History of The USS Indra (ARL-37)". Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to USS Indra.|
- Photo gallery of USS Indra at NavSource Naval History