USS Jason (AR-8)
||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (February 2009)|
USS Jason (AR-8) in 1993
|Builder:||Los Angeles Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, San Pedro, California|
|Laid down:||9 March 1942|
|Launched:||3 April 1943|
|Commissioned:||19 June 1944|
|Decommissioned:||24 June 1995|
|Reclassified:||AR-8, 9 September 1957|
|Struck:||24 June 1995|
|Class and type:||Vulcan class repair ship|
|Length:||530 ft (160 m)|
|Beam:||77 ft (23 m)|
|Draft:||26 ft (7.9 m)|
|Propulsion:||4 × Babcock Wilcox Express A Type 400psi Boilers, 2 × steam turbines, 2 propeller shafts, 11,000 shp (8,203 kW)|
|Speed:||19.2 knots (35.6 km/h; 22.1 mph)|
USS Jason (AR-8) was a repair ship of the United States Navy in service from 1944 to 1995, serving in World War II, Korea, Vietnam, and the Gulf War. At the time of her decommissioning, Jason was (with the exception of USS Constitution) the oldest ship in continual commission in the United States Navy, and the final ship in continual commission from World War II onward.
World War II, Pacific Theatre operations
She was laid down on 9 March 1942, at Los Angeles Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, San Pedro, California, as Heavy-hull Repair Ship ARH-1, and launched on 3 April 1943. Jason was commissioned on 19 June 1944, with Capt. A.O.R. Bergesen in command.
After brief shakedown and fitting out, the repair ship arrived Pearl Harbor on 6 July 1944 on the first leg of her journey to the Pacific battle area. She arrived Purvis Bay in the Solomon Islands on 17 August to commence operations with Service Squadron 10. Two months later she arrived Ulithi, where she was to spend the greater part of the war, performing the task of keeping the U.S. Navy's ships at peak strength and operating efficiency.
For seven months at Ulithi, as American forces captured island after island from the Japanese, Jason, many times under enemy attack, repaired broken hulls, buckled decks and twisted bulkheads of every type of ship in the U.S. Navy. This floating shipyard turned seemingly hopeless battle wrecks into rejuvenated fighting ships again able to stand out gallantly in the final victorious months. As the action crept closer to Japan, Jason sailed for Leyte arriving there on 28 May 1945. She remained there for the duration of the war continuing to service ships of the Pacific Fleet.
Post-World War II operations
After the surrender of Japan, she joined a convoy of units from the U.S. 7th Fleet and arrived Jinsen, Korea, on 8 September with the first occupation troops. She operated out of Jinsen, and Tsingtao, China, until mid-February 1946, performing repair services and assisting in the evacuation of Japanese nationals. Jason returned to Terminal Island, California, on 9 March for overhaul. Her rest was a brief one, however, as she sailed once again in May for the Far East. For the next four years she serviced the U.S. Pacific Fleet, alternating between Japan and California.
Korean War operations
As the Communists grew bolder, and their regime in North Korea staged an overt act of aggression on South Korea, the United States responded to the challenge. American forces were dispatched to the area, and naval power played an important role in the conflict. With an increased number of ships in the Far East, Jason departed Oakland, California, on 22 July 1950 for Sasebo and immediately began service duties upon her arrival in August. Throughout the war she remained at Sasebo for extended periods performing the repair tasks at hand, with only brief overhaul periods in the United States.
Following the cessation of hostilities in Korea, Jason returned to San Diego, California, on 6 November 1953. Six months later she sailed for another WestPac deployment which included a goodwill tour to Chin Hae, Korea. It was during this cruise, that the Chinese Communists began to harass the Nationalist-held Tachen Islands. The powerful U.S. 7th Fleet, which Jason helped maintain, sent units into the area to make certain the peace was not violated. Jason returned to San Diego, California, on 13 February 1955 and commenced repair services off the West Coast of the United States.
Her next Far Eastern tour began January 1956, and she operated, in Japan, Okinawa, and Formosa before returning to San Diego, in late October. While on still another deployment to Sasebo she was redesignated AR-8 on 9 September 1957. As Jason was about to return home, a near crisis flared in Indonesia, and the 7th Fleet kept watch on the potential trouble spot. Following her return to San Diego on 14 February 1958, she operated there throughout the year, giving valuable service to the Pacific Fleet.
Vietnam War operations
Jason was dispatched to the Far East on 6 January 1959 and operated there until returning to San Diego, on 18 August. Her departure occurred prior to the deployment of a carrier task group in the area of Laos, as Communist insurgency once again threatened the peace. During Jason's 1960 deployment, the Communists renewed their drive to undermine the neutral government of Laos, and the 7th Fleet was again called to peace-keeping duties.
Following her return to San Diego, on 7 March 1961, Jason operated along the West Coast of the United States providing repair services through 1962. Another deployment with WestPac began on 3 January 1963, as the Communists turned their attention on Vietnam. The U.S. 7th Fleet became a main cog in the United States' determination to prevent Southeast Asia from falling to Communist-aligned forces. In the years since World War II, Jason was an important factor in keeping this force at maximum operating condition. She returned to San Diego on 7 July 1963, and serviced the U.S. Pacific Fleet along the West Coast through 1964.
West Coast operations
Jason departed San Diego on 4 January 1965 and arrived at Yokosuka, Japan, on the 25th. After operations in Japan and at Okinawa, she reached Subic Bay 6 March and served ships of the 7th Fleet until heading home on 31 August. The repair ship operated in ports of southern California until entering the Naval Shipyard at Bremerton, Washington, for overhaul on 4 March 1966.
Back in top trim by 6 June, Jason resumed West Coast operations until sailing for the WestPac on 9 January 1967. She served the ships of the 7th Fleet at Sasebo and in Subic Bay until returning to San Diego, on 19 August.
Jason had her large guns removed to qualify it as a non-combatant ship, so women could be made part of the ship's crew.
In October 1980, while home ported in San Diego, the Jason and her crew deployed for WestPac and Indian Ocean cruise in support of troops for the Iran hostage crisis. She deployed with approximately 800 men and 45 women. The Jason repaired ships in Yokosuka, Japan, for about a month, and after a Thanksgiving stop in Subic Bay, Philippines, (with a very brief stop at Singapore to drop off a female officer needing immediate surgery for appendicitis) the Jason entered the Indian Ocean. She was met there by a Russian warship, an oiler and two merchant ships. Soon thereafter she picked up the tail of a Russian submarine. The Russian submarine then picked up a tail of its own, an American submarine.
Anchoring at Diego Garcia the Jason became the floating pier in the middle of the bay. She remained there repairing both ships and submarines. On 21 January, Indian Ocean Time, the Jason received the message "They are free, They are free, They are free, ..." in reference to the hostages that had been held in Iran. The Jason was allowed to return to San Diego soon after, with a brief stop in Fremantle, Western Australia, with four-day R&R in the very friendly city of Perth, and a resupply at Pearl Harbor. The Jason was off Mexico when Mexican radio broadcast informed her crew that President Reagan had been shot. Later that afternoon, a very somber group welcomed the ship and crew back to her home port.
Soon the crew was to receive word that the Jason would be moving homeports to Pearl Harbor. The Jason was to replace the Bryce Canyon as the Tender for the Harbor. Captain Johnson was replaced by Captain Martin, the former CO of the Bryce Canyon. While stationed at "Pearl" the Jason underwent a "light" overhaul costing several millions of dollars. The crew moved ashore for the overhaul and upon return had to requalify to take her to sea. In 1983 the Jason deployed for West Pac 1983 to Yokosuka and Sasebo, Japan, Olongapo, Philippines, and to Pusan, S.Korea.
On 10 February 1986, the USS Jason was run into by the oiler USS Willamette (AO-180) about 100 km southwest of Pearl Harbor, while steaming across and through a formation centered around Willamette, in an attempt to take up a position in the formation astern of Willamette. CPO Susano R. Valdez was killed and eight others of Jason's crew were injured. A large vertical rupture from the deck to waterline on the port side of the Jason forced the ship to be towed back to port by the USS Brunswick (ATS-3). As a result of the collision both captains were relieved of command. Following repairs, Jason moved to a new home port in San Diego. By this time the Jason was the most decorated ship in the Navy.
Gulf War operations
When "Operation Desert Shield" began in August 1990, Jason's operating schedule was accelerated to allow for deployment as soon as possible. Under Captain Tobin, the Jason departed for the Persian Gulf in early December, arriving with an amphibious assault force off the coast of Oman on 14 January 1991 – the day before Congress had authorized the use of force to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait.
Two weeks into the Air War, the Jason moved into the Persian Gulf, mooring pierside along with other US and Coalition ships in Manama, Bahrain, in support of "Operation Desert Storm". Ballistic missile alerts were common over the next few weeks, until the cessation of hostilities on 28 February.
The Jason played a vital role in the emergency repair of the two warships that suffered mine damage in the Persian Gulf, the Tripoli and the Princeton. The Battle Damage Assessment and Repair teams that flew out to the crippled ships earned combat action awards for their service in Desert Storm – including the first combat action awards ever earned by female sailors. Additionally, a Battle Damage Assessment Team went ashore in Kuwait and recorded damage to their designated area of responsibility. The personnel included in this team also earned combat action awards.
- Vietnamese Counteroffensive-Phase V Campaign, 25 July to 16 August 1968
- Vietnam Winter-Summer 1970 Campaign, 27 December 1969 to 21 January 1970
- Vietnamese Counteroffensive-Phase VII Campaign, 23 March to 13 April 1971
Jason was awarded a "Battle E" in 1968; 1980; 1989; 1994
Jason was decommissioned, struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 24 June 1995, and transferred to the Maritime Administration for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay, Benicia, California. On 9 November 2006 a contract was awarded to Marine Metal Inc. of Brownsville, Texas for her scrapping. Jason was removed from the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay Group, on 8 January 2007.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to USS Jason (AR-8).|
- Photo gallery of USS Jason (ARH-1/AR-8) at NavSource Naval History