USS Jenkins (DD-42)

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USS Jenkins (DD-42)
USS Jenkins (DD-42) moored in a European area port (possibly Queenstown, Ireland), circa 1918. She is painted in "Dazzle" type camouflage.
History
United States
Name: Jenkins
Namesake: Rear Admiral Thortan A. Jenkins
Builder: Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine
Cost: $650,712.43[1]
Laid down: 24 March 1911
Launched: 29 April 1912
Sponsored by: Miss Alice Jenkins, daughter of Rear Admiral Jenkins
Commissioned: 15 June 1912
Decommissioned: 31 October 1919
Struck: 8 March 1935
Identification:
Fate: sold for scrap in 1935
Status: scrapped in 1935 in accordance with the terms of the London Treaty for the Limitation and Reduction of Naval Armaments
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Paulding-class destroyer
Displacement:
  • 742 long tons (754 t) normal
  • 887 long tons (901 t) full load
Length: 293 ft 10 in (89.56 m)
Beam: 27 ft (8.2 m)
Draft: 8 ft 4 in (2.54 m) (mean)[3]
Installed power: 12,000 ihp (8,900 kW)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 29.5 kn (33.9 mph; 54.6 km/h)
  • 31.27 kn (35.98 mph; 57.91 km/h) (Speed on Trial)[3]
Complement: 4 officers 87 enlisted[4]
Armament:

The first USS Jenkins (DD-42) was a modified Paulding-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War I. She was named for Rear Admiral Thortan A. Jenkins.

Jenkins was laid down on 24 March 1911 by Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine; launched on 29 April 1912; sponsored by Miss Alice Jenkins, daughter of Rear Admiral Jenkins; and commissioned on 15 June 1912, Lieutenant Commander E. H. Delany in command.

Pre-World War I[edit]

In the years that preceded World War I, Jenkins, based at Newport, Rhode Island, trained with the Atlantic Fleet, sailing to the Caribbean for winter maneuvers operating along the East Coast in summer. In addition, she sailed to Tampico, Mexico in mid-April 1914 to support the American occupation of Veracruz.

World War I[edit]

As the war raged in Europe, Jenkins continued patrol operations along the North American coast in search of possible German U-boats. The patrols and maneuvers sharpened her war-readiness, so that she was ready for any eventuality when she sailed for Europe on 26 May 1917.

Based at Queenstown, Ireland, Jenkins and her sister destroyers patrolled the eastern Atlantic, escorting convoys and rescuing survivors of sunken merchantmen. She continued escort and patrol duty for the duration of the war. Though she made several submarine contacts, no results were determined. Following the signing of the Armistice on 11 November 1918, Jenkins sailed for home, arriving Boston, Massachusetts on 3 January 1919.

LCDR James L. Kauffman received the Navy Cross for service as Commanding Officer of Jenkins during World War I.[5]

Inter-war period[edit]

The destroyer operated along the Atlantic coast until arriving at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 20 July. She remained there until decommissioning on 31 October. Jenkins was scrapped in 1935 in accordance with the London Naval Treaty.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Table 21 - Ships on Navy List June 30, 1919". Congressional Serial Set. U.S. Government Printing Office: 762. 1921. 
  2. ^ "USS Jenkins (DD-42)". Navsource.org. Retrieved June 23, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Table 10 - Ships on Navy List June 30, 1919". Congressional Serial Set. U.S. Government Printing Office: 714. 1921. 
  4. ^ "Table 16 - Ships on Navy List June 30, 1919". Congressional Serial Set. U.S. Government Printing Office: 749. 1921. 
  5. ^ "Military Times Hall of Valor Awards for James Laurence Kauffman". militarytimes.com. Retrieved 2014-06-13. 

External links[edit]