USS L-8 (SS-48)
|Builder:||Lake Torpedo Boat Company, Bridgeport, Connecticut|
|Laid down:||24 February 1915|
|Launched:||23 April 1917|
|Commissioned:||30 August 1917|
|Decommissioned:||15 November 1922|
|Fate:||Sunk as target, 26 May 1926.|
|Type:||L class submarine|
|Displacement:||456 long tons (463 t) surfaced
524 long tons (532 t) submerged
|Length:||165 ft (50 m)|
|Beam:||14 ft 9 in (4.50 m)|
|Draft:||13 ft 3 in (4.04 m)|
|Speed:||14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) surfaced
10.5 knots (19.4 km/h; 12.1 mph) submerged
|Complement:||28 officers and men|
|Armament:||• 4 × 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes, 8 torpedoes
• 1 × 3"/23 caliber deck gun
The L-boats designed by Lake Torpedo Boat (L-5 through L-8) were built to slightly different specifications from the other L-boats, which were designed by Electric Boat, and are sometimes considered a separate L-5 class.
Following training operations along the East Coast, L-8 prepared for European service. Departing Charleston, South Carolina, on 20 October, the submarine steamed for the Azores to join Submarine Division 6 for patrols against U-boats. She arrived Bermuda on 13 November, two days after the end of World War I, and was ordered to return to the United States.
After exercises and visits in Caribbean Sea and Central American ports, L-8 arrived San Pedro, California, on 13 February 1919 to join the submarine flotilla on the West Coast. Remaining there from 1919 to 1922, she experimented with new torpedoes and undersea detection equipment. Following a period of commission, in ordinary, early in 1922, L-8 departed San Pedro on 25 July for the Atlantic, arriving Hampton Roads, Virginia, on 28 September. L-8 was decommissioned on 15 November 1922.
L-8 was ultimately destroyed as a target during testing for magnetic influence exploders for torpedoes, off Rhode Island on 26 May 1926 (Miller 117). This was the only test with live torpedoes of magnetic exploders conducted by the Navy in the 19 years before the World War II period.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Miller, David: The Illustrated Directory of Submarines of the World. St. Paul: MBI Publishing, 2002. Pgs. 114-117.
- Photo gallery of USS L-8 at NavSource Naval History