USS LST-450

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USS LST-450 1944.tif
USS LST-450 c. 1944, probably during the Marianas operation.
History
United States
Name: LST-450
Ordered: as a Type S3-M-K2 hull, MCE hull 970[1]
Builder: Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond, California
Yard number: 154[1]
Laid down: 10 July 1942
Launched: 4 October 1942
Commissioned: 6 January 1943
Decommissioned: 8 April 1946
Reclassified: Landing Ship Tank (Hospital) LST(H)-450, 15 September 1945
Struck: 17 April 1946
Identification:
Honors and
awards:
Bronze-service-star-3d.png 3 × battle stars
Fate: sold for scrapping, 16 April 1948
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: LST-1-class tank landing ship
Displacement:
  • 1,625 long tons (1,651 t) (light)
  • 4,080 long tons (4,145 t) (full (seagoing draft with 1,675 short tons (1,520 t) load)
  • 2,366 long tons (2,404 t) (beaching)
Length: 328 ft (100 m) oa
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft:
  • Unloaded: 2 ft 4 in (0.71 m) forward; 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) aft
  • Full load: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m) forward; 14 ft 1 in (4.29 m) aft
  • Landing with 500 short tons (450 t) load: 3 ft 11 in (1.19 m) forward; 9 ft 10 in (3.00 m) aft
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Range: 24,000 nmi (44,000 km; 28,000 mi) at 9 kn (17 km/h; 10 mph) while displacing 3,960 long tons (4,024 t)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 x LCVPs
Capacity: 1,600–1,900 short tons (3,200,000–3,800,000 lb; 1,500,000–1,700,000 kg) cargo depending on mission
Troops: 16 officers, 147 enlisted men
Complement: 13 officers, 104 enlisted men
Armament:
Service record
Part of: LST Flotilla 13
Operations:
Awards:

USS LST/LST(H)-450 was an LST-1-class tank landing ship built for the United States Navy during World War II.

Construction[edit]

LST-450 was laid down on 10 July 1942, under Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MC hull 970, by Kaiser Shipyards, Vancouver, Washington; launched on 4 October 1942; and commissioned on 6 January 1943, with Lieutenant C. G. Drasher, USNR, in command.[3][2]

Service history[edit]

During World War II, LST-450 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater and participated in the following operations: the capture and occupation of Saipan in June and July 1944; the capture and occupation of Tinian in July 1944; and the assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto April 1945.[3]

Post-war service[edit]

Following the war, LST-450 was redesignated LST(H)-450 on 15 September 1945. She performed occupation duty in the Far East until early December 1945. Upon her return to the United States, she was decommissioned on 8 April 1946, and struck from the Navy list on 17 April that same year. On 16 April 1948, the ship was sold to the Bethlehem Steel Co., of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and subsequently scrapped.[3]

Awards[edit]

LST-450 earned three battle stars for World War II service.[3]

Notes[edit]

Citations

Bibliography[edit]

Online resources

  • "LST-450". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 2 April 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  • "Kaiser Vancouver, Vancouver WA". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. 27 November 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  • "USS LST-450". Navsource.org. 17 October 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2017.

External links[edit]