USS LST-451

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USS LST-451 1 June 1943.jpg
Army 18th Engineers build a dirt filled barge ramp to enable off loading of their equipment from USS LST-451 while the ship is beached at the Aleutian Island of Shemya, Alaska, 1 June 1943.
History
United States
Name: LST-451
Ordered: as a Type S3-M-K2 hull, MCE hull 971[1]
Builder: Kaiser Shipbuilding Company, Vancouver, Washington
Yard number: 155[1]
Laid down: 20 July 1942
Launched: 6 October 1942
Commissioned: 12 January 1943
Decommissioned: 22 July 1946
Identification:
Honors and
awards:
Silver-service-star-3d.png 5 × battle stars
Fate: sold for scrapping, 11 December 1947
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: LST-1-class tank landing ship
Displacement:
  • 1,625 long tons (1,651 t) (light)
  • 4,080 long tons (4,145 t) (full (seagoing draft with 1,675 short tons (1,520 t) load)
  • 2,366 long tons (2,404 t) (beaching)
Length: 328 ft (100 m) oa
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft:
  • Unloaded: 2 ft 4 in (0.71 m) forward; 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) aft
  • Full load: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m) forward; 14 ft 1 in (4.29 m) aft
  • Landing with 500 short tons (450 t) load: 3 ft 11 in (1.19 m) forward; 9 ft 10 in (3.00 m) aft
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Range: 24,000 nmi (44,000 km; 28,000 mi) at 9 kn (17 km/h; 10 mph) while displacing 3,960 long tons (4,024 t)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 x LCVPs
Capacity: 1,600–1,900 short tons (3,200,000–3,800,000 lb; 1,500,000–1,700,000 kg) cargo depending on mission
Troops: 16 officers, 147 enlisted men
Complement: 13 officers, 104 enlisted men
Armament:
Service record
Part of: LST Flotilla 3
Operations:
Awards:

USS LST-451 was a United States Navy LST-1-class tank landing ship used in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater during World War II.

Construction[edit]

LST-451 was laid down on 20 July 1942, under Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MC hull 971, by Kaiser Shipyards, Vancouver, Washington; launched on 6 October 1942; and commissioned on 21 January 1943, with Lieutenant Harry Swartz, USNR in command.[3]

Service history[edit]

During the war, LST-451 was assigned to the Pacific Theater of Operations. She took part in the capture and occupation of Saipan in June and July 1944; the Tinian capture and occupation in July 1944; the Battle of Leyte landings October 1944; the Lingayen Gulf landings January 1945; and the assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto April 1945.[3]

Post-war service[edit]

Following the war, LST-451 performed occupation duty in the Far East until mid-February 1946. She returned to the United States and was decommissioned on 22 July 1946, and struck from the Navy list on 25 September, that same year. On 11 December 1947, the tank landing ship was sold to the Learner Co., Oakland, California, and subsequently scrapped.[3]

Honors and awards[edit]

LST-451 earned five battle stars for her World War II service.[3]

Notes[edit]

Citations

Bibliography[edit]

Online resources

  • "LST-451". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 2 April 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  • "Kaiser Vancouver, Vancouver WA". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. 27 November 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  • "USS LST-451". Navsource.org. 9 October 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2017.

External links[edit]