USS Laurel (1862)

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History
United States
Name: Erebus
Operator: United States Army
Launched: 1862
Completed: 1862
Acquired: 1862
Fate: Transferred to U.S. Navy 30 August 1862
History
United States
Name: USS Laurel
Operator: United States Navy
Acquired: 30 August 1862
Commissioned: 19 October 1862
Decommissioned: 12 August 1865
Fate: Sold 17 August 1865
General characteristics
Type: Tug
Tonnage: 50 tons
Length: 60 ft (18 m)[1]
Beam: 14 ft (4.3 m)[1]
Draft: 6 ft (1.8 m)
Propulsion: Screw steamer
Speed: 5 knots
Armament: none

USS Laurel was a screw tug in commission in the United States Navy from 1862 to 1865. She saw service in the Union Navy during the American Civil War. Prior to her U.S. Navy service, she served as the United States Army tug Erebus.

Construction and U.S. Army service[edit]

The tug was built for the U.S. Army in 1862 at St. Louis, Missouri, as Erebus for Union Army service. She entered service early in 1862. On 14 April 1862, she accidentally burned to the waterline on the Mississippi River and sank within a half-mile (0.8 km) of Craighead Point, 3,800 yards (3,475 meters) above Fort Pillow, Tennessee. Her crew was rescued, and she was refloated, repaired, and returned service.[1]

U.S. Navy service[edit]

Erebus was transferred from the U.S. Army to the U.S. Navy on 30 August or 30 September 1862[1] (sources disagree) and renamed USS Laurel on 19 October 1862. She operated on the Mississippi River for the remainder of the American Civil War, supporting operations of both the Union Army and U.S. Navy.

After the war ended in 1865, Laurel assisted in the demobilization of the Mississippi Squadron before decommissioning at Mound City, Illinois, on 12 August 1865. She was sold at auction there to Sol. A. Silver on 17 August 1865. Documented as for commercial service as Laurel on 2 January 1867, she remained in service until abandoned in 1903.

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

  1. ^ a b c d Gaines, W. Craig, Encyclopedia of Civil War Shipwrecks, Louisiana State University Press, 2008, ISBN 978-0-8071-3274-6, p. 99.

See also[edit]