USS Mahoning County (LST-914)
|Builder:||Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard, Hingham, Massachusetts|
|Laid down:||16 February 1944|
|Launched:||18 April 1944|
|Commissioned:||18 May 1944|
|Decommissioned:||26 June 1946|
|Struck:||26 June 1946|
|2 × battle stars|
|Fate:||loaned to the US Army|
|Status:||reacquired by USN, 26 August 1950|
|Namesake:||Mahoning County, Ohio|
|Acquired:||26 August 1950|
|Recommissioned:||26 August 1950|
|Decommissioned:||5 September 1959|
|Renamed:||Mahoning County, 1 July 1955|
|3 × battle stars|
|Fate:||sold for scrapping, 22 June 1960|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||LST-542-class tank landing ship|
|Length:||328 ft (100 m) oa|
|Beam:||50 ft (15 m)|
|Speed:||11.6 kn (21.5 km/h; 13.3 mph)|
|Range:||24,000 nmi (44,000 km; 28,000 mi) at 9 kn (17 km/h; 10 mph) while displacing 3,960 long tons (4,024 t)|
|Boats & landing |
|2 x LCVPs|
|Capacity:||1,600–1,900 short tons (3,200,000–3,800,000 lb; 1,500,000–1,700,000 kg) cargo depending on mission|
|Troops:||16 officers, 147 enlisted men|
|Complement:||13 officers, 104 enlisted men|
|Part of:||LST Flotilla 36|
USS Mahoning County (LST-914) was an LST-542-class tank landing ship built for the United States Navy during World War II. Like many of her class, she was not named and is properly referred to by her hull designation. She was later named after Mahoning County, Ohio, she was the only US Naval vessel to bear the name.
LST-914 was laid down 16 February 1944, at Hingham, Massachusetts, by the Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard; launched 18 April 1944; and commissioned 18 May 1944, with Lieutenant Arthur W. Meyer, USNR, in command.
World War II
LST‑914 first engaged in combat duty with the invasion of southern France 15 August 1944. She carried US Army troops and equipment from Naples, Italy, and unloaded them on the beach near Cape Lardier. Shortly afterward the LST joined Training Group Command, Atlantic Fleet, and operated along the east and gulf coasts until early in 1945. On 10 February 1945, she departed Gulfport, Mississippi, for the Canal Zone en route to duty with the Pacific Fleet. Steaming via Pearl Harbor and Eniwetok, she arrived Saipan 25 April. For the next four months the ship carried men and equipment between Saipan and Okinawa, making occasional calls at Tinian and Guam. She departed Saipan 24 July, and sailed for the Philippines, operating there for the remainder of the War.
LST‑914 continued to operate in the Western Pacific after the Japanese surrender. On 26 June 1946, she decommissioned and was lent to the US Army. She was then given a Japanese crew and for the next four years transported general cargo in the Far East.
With the outbreak of hostilities in Korea and the consequent urgent need for ships, LST‑914 recommissioned at Yokosuka, Japan, 26 August 1950, with Lieutenant R. L. Holzhaus, in command. By 6 September, she was steaming for the combat zone. She embarked units of the 1st Marine Division at Pusan and transported them around the peninsula for the 15 September, Inchon invasion, one of the decisive amphibious assaults of history, which routed the North Korean Army. Following Inchon, for which her task element was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation, the LST participated in the Wonsan operations and in the evacuation of Hungnam, 10–24 December. On 13 January, she sailed for Kobe, Japan, underwent overhaul and returned to Korea in mid‑February. She continued to support operations off the Korean coast until 1 April 1951, then departed for San Diego, arriving 26 May.
For the next 2 years LST‑914 operated off the West coast. In June 1953, she departed San Diego for her first Bar‑Change operation, the replenishment of bases in the Arctic. She returned to that duty during the summers of 1955‑1957, and plied the waters of the Arctic Ocean, operating primarily in the Beaufort Sea. En route to her 1955 Arctic deployment, LST‑914 was given the name Mahoning County in ceremonies at Seattle, Washington, 7 July. Among the sailors on board was Fireman Richard G. Adams of Struthers, Ohio, a city in Mahoning County. In addition to her Arctic cruises, the LST also participated in deployments in the western Pacific during the winters of 1954, 1956, and 1958.
In 1958, Mahoning County was awarded the Marjorie Sterrett Battleship Fund Award, which is presented annually by the US Navy's Chief of Naval Operations to the fleet's most battle-ready ship.
Mahoning County operated out of Long Beach for the first 9 months of 1959. On 5 September she decommissioned and was sold to Zidall Explorations, Inc. of Portland, Oregon on 22 June 1960 for scrapping.
- "LST-914". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 19 May 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Mahoning County". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. 5 Aug 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Bethlehem-Hingham, Hingham MA". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. 11 August 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
- "USS Mahoning (LST-914)". Navsource.org. 16 December 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
- Photo gallery of USS LST-914 at NavSource Naval History