USS Montgomery (C-9), port bow view, circa 1894–99.
|Ordered||7 September 1888|
|Awarded||2 November 1889|
|Builder||Columbian Iron Works and Dry Dock Co., Baltimore, Maryland|
|Cost||$1,037,923 (hull and machinery)|
|Laid down||February 1890|
|Launched||5 December 1891|
|Sponsored by||Miss Sophia Smith|
|Commissioned||21 June 1894|
|Decommissioned||16 May 1918|
|Renamed||Anniston, 14 March 1918|
|Stricken||25 August 1919|
|Fate||Sold for scrap, 14 November 1919|
|General characteristics (as built)|
|Class and type||Montgomery-class cruiser|
|Length||269 ft 10 in (82.25 m)|
|Beam||37 ft (11 m)|
|Draft||14 ft 6 in (4.42 m) (mean)|
|Complement||30 officers 249 enlisted|
|General characteristics (1914)|
The fourth USS Montgomery (C-9), the lead ship of her class, was an unprotected cruiser in the United States Navy authorized in the Naval Appropriations Act of September 7, 1888. Montgomery served during the Spanish–American War and in World War I and was named for Montgomery, Alabama.
Assigned to the North Atlantic Squadron, the new cruiser operated along the eastern seaboard and in the Caribbean. During the Spanish–American War, she cruised near Cuba and Haiti in April 1898 and in May joined the blockade of Havana. She took two prizes, Lorenzo and Frasquito, 5 May, and shelled the Spanish forts a week later. On 13 June a 280mm Krupp gun at the Santa Clara Battery fired on Montgomery, at a range of 9,000 meters, apparently without effect.
In April 1899 Montgomery transferred to the South Atlantic Squadron and operated along the Atlantic coast of South America . In July 1900 she was import Urgaguy with CDR JohnMerrill as her Commanding Officer. (US Census 2 July 1900, lists crew members.) She returning to the United States and decommissioning at New York City 15 September 1900. Recommissioned 15 May 1902, she was assigned to the Caribbean Division, North Atlantic Squadron, and operated in the West Indies until decommissioning at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 15 September 1904.
Montgomery recommissioned 2 January 1908 and operated in the 5th Naval District as a torpedo experimental ship. From 1914 to 1918 she served with the Maryland Naval Militia. Renamed Anniston 14 March 1918, she was assigned to Division 2, American Patrol Detachment, for patrol and escort duty along the Atlantic coast and in the Caribbean.
- "Ships' Data, U. S. Naval Vessels, 1911–". US Naval Department. 1 January 1914. pp. 36–39. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
- Toppan, Andrew (8 September 1996). "US Cruisers List: Protected Cruisers and Peace Cruisers". Hazegray.org. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
- "Montgomery IV (C-9)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History and Heritage Command. 11 August 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Photo gallery of USS Montgomery at NavSource Naval History