USS Montgomery (LCS-8)

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USS Montgomery (LCS 8) prepares to pull alongside USNS Cesar Chavez (T-AKE 14) during a replenishment-at-sea. (49912055123).jpg
USS Montgomery underway in May 2020
History
United States
NameMontgomery
NamesakeMontgomery
Awarded29 December 2010[1]
BuilderAustal USA[1]
Laid down25 June 2013[1]
Launched6 August 2014[1]
Sponsored byMary Blackshear Sessions[3]
Christened8 November 2014[3]
Acquired23 June 2016[1]
Commissioned10 September 2016[2]
HomeportSan Diego[1]
Identification
Motto
  • Audemus Jura Nostra Defendere
  • (We Dare Defend Our Rights)
StatusActive[2]
BadgeUSS Montgomery LCS-8 Crest.png
General characteristics
Class and type Independence-class littoral combat ship
Displacement2,307 metric tons light, 3,104 metric tons full, 797 metric tons deadweight[1]
Length127.4 m (418 ft)[1]
Beam31.6 m (104 ft)[1]
Draft14 ft (4.27 m)[1]
Propulsion2× gas turbines, 2× diesel, 4× waterjets, retractable Azimuth thruster, 4× diesel generators
Speed40+ knots, 47 knots (54 mph; 87 km/h) sprint
Range4,300 nmi (7,964 km; 4,948 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)+
Capacity210 tonnes
Complement40 core crew (8 officers, 32 enlisted) plus up to 35 mission crew
Sensors and
processing systems
  • Sea Giraffe 3D Surface/Air RADAR
  • Bridgemaster-E Navigational RADAR
  • AN/KAX-2 EO/IR sensor for GFC
Electronic warfare
& decoys
  • EDO ES-3601 ESM
  • SRBOC rapid bloom chaff launchers
Armament
Aircraft carried

USS Montgomery (LCS-8) is an Independence-class littoral combat ship of the United States Navy. She is the fourth ship to be named for Montgomery, the capital of Alabama.[4]

Design[edit]

In 2002, the United States Navy initiated a program to develop the first of a fleet of littoral combat ships.[5] The Navy initially ordered two trimaran hulled ships from General Dynamics, which became known as the Independence-class littoral combat ship after the first ship of the class, USS Independence.[5] Even-numbered U.S. Navy littoral combat ships are built using the Independence-class trimaran design, while odd-numbered ships are based on a competing design, the conventional monohull Freedom-class littoral combat ship.[5] The initial order of littoral combat ships involved a total of four ships, including two of the Independence-class design.[5] On 29 December 2010, the Navy announced that it was awarding Austal USA a contract to build ten additional Independence-class littoral combat ships.[6][7]

Montgomery is the fourth Independence-class littoral combat ship to be built. The ship is the third Independence-class vessel to feature improvements over the Independence (LCS-2) design, including standard 7 metres (23 ft) long rigid-hulled inflatable boats and improved corrosion protection and propulsion.[7]

History[edit]

Montgomery was built by Austal USA in Mobile, Alabama.[4] The ship was launched in a ceremony at the Austal shipyards on 6 August 2014.[4] Montgomery was christened on 8 November 2014.[3] The ship was commissioned on 10 September 2016 in Mobile, Alabama.[2] She has been assigned to Littoral Combat Ship Squadron One.[8]

On 13 September 2016, Montgomery experienced two unrelated engineering casualties within a 24-hour period while transiting from Mobile, Alabama to her homeport of San Diego, California. The first casualty happened when the crew detected a seawater leak in the hydraulic cooling system. Later that day, Montgomery experienced a failure with one of her gas turbine engines. Due to the failures, Montgomery headed to Naval Station Mayport for repairs.[9]

On 4 October 2016, a tug collided with Montgomery while the latter was getting underway to avoid Hurricane Matthew. Due to the collision, a crack measuring a foot in length was caused amidships, approximately three feet above the waterline. Five strakes were also bent. Temporary repairs were conducted, and the ship left port as planned.[10]

On 29 October 2016 Montgomery sustained an 18-inch-long crack to her hull while passing through the Panama Canal en route to her homeport in San Diego. Montgomery was traveling from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean through the canal's series of locks when she hit the concrete center lock wall while under the control of a local Panama Canal pilot.[11]

During the summer of 2019, the ship was equipped with MQ-8C Fire Scout drones.

Due to mishandling of a sexual harassment complaint, the Navy removed both the commanding and executive officers on 30 December 2021, and announced the executive officer of the USS Coronado (LCS-4) would be placed in temporary command until a permanent replacement could be selected.[12]

On 12 May 2022, the Montgomery tested an AGM-114L Hellfire missile at a land target for the first time in the Pacific Ocean. [13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Montgomery (LCS 8)". Naval Vessel Register. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Yawn, Andrew J. (10 September 2016). "'Man our ship': USS Montgomery commissioned". Montgomery Advertiser. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  3. ^ a b c "USS Montgomery (LCS 8) Christened" (Press release). Austal USA. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  4. ^ a b c "Future USS Montgomery Launches and Marks Production Milestone" (Press release). Navy News Service. 6 August 2014. NNS140806-21. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d "US Navy Fact File: Littoral Combat Ship Class – LCS". US Navy. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  6. ^ Special from Navy Office of Information (29 December 2010). "Littoral Combat Ship Contract Award Announced" (Press release). Navy News Service. NNS101229-09. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  7. ^ a b Osborn, Kris (27 June 2014). "Navy Engineers LCS Changes". www.dodbuzz.com. Monster. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
  8. ^ "LCS Squadron 1". public.navy.mil. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  9. ^ UPDATED: Littoral Combat Ship USS Montgomery Suffers Engineering Casualty, Fifth LCS Casualty Within Last Year
  10. ^ Larter, David (6 October 2016). "Tug collides with LCS Montgomery, cracks the hull". Navy Times. Sightline Media Group. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  11. ^ LaGrone, Sam (31 October 2016). "Littoral Combat Ship USS Montgomery Damaged Transiting Panama Canal". USNI News. U.S. Naval Institute. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  12. ^ Aitken, Peter (31 December 2021). "Naval commander, executive officer removed from posts due to 'loss of confidence'". Fox News. Retrieved 31 December 2021.
  13. ^ "LCS-8 strikes land target with Longbow Hellfire for the 1st time". 17 May 2022.

External links[edit]