USS Muskingum (AK-198)

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History
United States
Name: Muskingum
Namesake: Muskingum County, Ohio
Ordered: as type (C1-M-AV1) hull, MC hull 2152[1]
Builder: Globe Shipbuilding Co., Superior, Wisconsin
Yard number: 119[1]
Laid down: 28 January 1944
Launched: 30 June 1944
Sponsored by: Mrs. Henry Larson
Commissioned: 24 April 1945
Decommissioned: 7 March 1946
Struck: 5 June 1946 and 15 June 1973
Identification:
Fate: placed in service with Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS), 1 July 1950
Notes: used by the U.S. Army in Japan as USAT Muskingum (V-109) (1946-1950)
History
United States
Name: Hennepin
Operator: Military Sea Transportation Service
In service: 1 July 1950
Struck: 15 June 1973
Identification: Hull symbol: T-AK-198
Fate: transferred to the Department of the Interior, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), 4 October 1974
History
Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
Name: Fentress
In service: 20 July 1974
Out of service: 7 April 1982
Fate: transferred, 7 April 1982
History
Republic of Palau
Name: Muskingum
In service: 7 April 1982
Status: fate unknown
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Alamosa-class cargo ship
Type: C1-M-AV1
Tonnage: 5,032 long tons deadweight (DWT)[1]
Displacement:
  • 2,382 long tons (2,420 t) (standard)
  • 7,450 long tons (7,570 t) (full load)
Length: 388 ft 8 in (118.47 m)
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft: 21 ft 1 in (6.43 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion: 1 × propeller
Speed: 11.5 kn (21.3 km/h; 13.2 mph)
Capacity:
  • 3,945 t (3,883 long tons) DWT
  • 9,830 cu ft (278 m3) (refrigerated)
  • 227,730 cu ft (6,449 m3) (non-refrigerated)
Complement:
  • 15 Officers
  • 70 Enlisted
Armament:

USS Muskingum (AK-198/T-AK-198) was an Alamosa-class cargo ship that was constructed for the US Navy under a US Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract during the closing period of World War II. She supported the end-of-war Navy effort and was subsequently placed in service with the US Army under the Shipping Control Authority for the Japanese Merchant Marine with a Japanese crew. In 1950 she was reactivated and placed into service with the Military Sea Transportation Service as USNS Muskingum (T-AK-198) until being struck from the Navy list in 1973. She was ultimately transferred to the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI) and the Republic of Palau.

Construction[edit]

Muskingum, a type C1-M-AV1 cargo ship was laid down under a MARCOM contract, MC hull 2152, by Globe Shipbuilding Co., Superior, Wisconsin, 26 January 1944 and launched on 30 June 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Henry Larson. Muskingum was then completed at Samuelson Ship Yard, Beaumont, Texas. She was commissioned on 24 April 1945 at Houston, Texas, Lieutenant M. H. Bryant in command.[3]

Service history[edit]

World War II-related service[edit]

After shakedown, she departed Gulfport, Mississippi, 26 May 1945 with cargo for the Pacific Ocean. She arrived at Subic Bay, Philippine Islands, 4 August 1945 via the Panama Canal and Manus, the Admiralty Islands. The next few months were spent in carrying passengers and freight between Philippine ports.[3]

She departed Tacloban, Leyte, 24 January 1946, arriving Yokohama 31 January. The ship was decommissioned 7 March 1946 and turned over to the War Shipping Administration (WSA) for transfer to the U.S. Army Transportation Corps on a bareboat charter basis. She was stricken from the Navy List 5 June 1946.[3]

Army service[edit]

Muskingum was given the Army designation V-208 and operated between ports in Japan, Korea, and the Mariana Islands under control of the Shipping Control Authority for the Japanese Merchant Marine (SCAJAP) with overall control exercised by Supreme Commander of Allied Forces, Japan. Muskingum was operated by Japanese until 1 July 1950 when title was transferred to Navy.[3]

MSTS service[edit]

Muskingum was reinstated on the Navy List for operations under Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) WesPac (Western Pacific). During the Korean War, she carried supplies between Japan and Korea.[3]

In 1951, Muskingum, designated T-AK-198, was under control of MSTS Far East, operating out of Japan. Besides providing logistical support for U.S. forces in Korea, Muskingum carried supplies to American and Allied forces in South Vietnam.[3]

Decommissioning[edit]

Muskingum continued with service with the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) until she was struck from the Navy List on 15 June 1973.[2]

Merchant service[edit]

On 4 October 1973 title was returned to the Maritime Administration, successor to the Maritime Commission and loaned to the United States Department of Interior for TTPI use.[4]

On 7 April 1982 Muskingum was permanently transferred to the Republic of Palau.[4]

Her subsequent fate is not known.

Honors and awards[edit]

Qualified Muskingum personnel were eligible for the following:[2]

Notes[edit]

Citations

Bibliography[edit]

Online resources

External links[edit]

  • Photo gallery of USS Muskingum (AK-198) at NavSource Naval History