USS Muskingum (AK-198)
|Namesake:||Muskingum County, Ohio|
|Ordered:||as type (C1-M-AV1) hull, MC hull 2152|
|Builder:||Globe Shipbuilding Co., Superior, Wisconsin|
|Laid down:||28 January 1944|
|Launched:||30 June 1944|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Henry Larson|
|Commissioned:||24 April 1945|
|Decommissioned:||7 March 1946|
|Struck:||5 June 1946 and 15 June 1973|
|Fate:||placed in service with Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS), 1 July 1950|
|Notes:||used by the U.S. Army in Japan as USAT Muskingum (V-109) (1946-1950)|
|Operator:||Military Sea Transportation Service|
|In service:||1 July 1950|
|Struck:||15 June 1973|
|Identification:||Hull symbol: T-AK-198|
|Fate:||transferred to the Department of the Interior, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), 4 October 1974|
|Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands|
|In service:||20 July 1974|
|Out of service:||7 April 1982|
|Fate:||transferred, 7 April 1982|
|Republic of Palau|
|In service:||7 April 1982|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Alamosa-class cargo ship|
|Tonnage:||5,032 long tons deadweight (DWT)|
|Length:||388 ft 8 in (118.47 m)|
|Beam:||50 ft (15 m)|
|Draft:||21 ft 1 in (6.43 m)|
|Propulsion:||1 × propeller|
|Speed:||11.5 kn (21.3 km/h; 13.2 mph)|
USS Muskingum (AK-198/T-AK-198) was an Alamosa-class cargo ship that was constructed for the US Navy under a US Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract during the closing period of World War II. She supported the end-of-war Navy effort and was subsequently placed in service with the US Army under the Shipping Control Authority for the Japanese Merchant Marine with a Japanese crew. In 1950 she was reactivated and placed into service with the Military Sea Transportation Service as USNS Muskingum (T-AK-198) until being struck from the Navy list in 1973. She was ultimately transferred to the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI) and the Republic of Palau.
Muskingum, a type C1-M-AV1 cargo ship was laid down under a MARCOM contract, MC hull 2152, by Globe Shipbuilding Co., Superior, Wisconsin, 26 January 1944 and launched on 30 June 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Henry Larson. Muskingum was then completed at Samuelson Ship Yard, Beaumont, Texas. She was commissioned on 24 April 1945 at Houston, Texas, Lieutenant M. H. Bryant in command.
After shakedown, she departed Gulfport, Mississippi, 26 May 1945 with cargo for the Pacific Ocean. She arrived at Subic Bay, Philippine Islands, 4 August 1945 via the Panama Canal and Manus, the Admiralty Islands. The next few months were spent in carrying passengers and freight between Philippine ports.
She departed Tacloban, Leyte, 24 January 1946, arriving Yokohama 31 January. The ship was decommissioned 7 March 1946 and turned over to the War Shipping Administration (WSA) for transfer to the U.S. Army Transportation Corps on a bareboat charter basis. She was stricken from the Navy List 5 June 1946.
Muskingum was given the Army designation V-208 and operated between ports in Japan, Korea, and the Mariana Islands under control of the Shipping Control Authority for the Japanese Merchant Marine (SCAJAP) with overall control exercised by Supreme Commander of Allied Forces, Japan. Muskingum was operated by Japanese until 1 July 1950 when title was transferred to Navy.
Muskingum was reinstated on the Navy List for operations under Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) WesPac (Western Pacific). During the Korean War, she carried supplies between Japan and Korea.
In 1951, Muskingum, designated T-AK-198, was under control of MSTS Far East, operating out of Japan. Besides providing logistical support for U.S. forces in Korea, Muskingum carried supplies to American and Allied forces in South Vietnam.
Muskingum continued with service with the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) until she was struck from the Navy List on 15 June 1973.
Her subsequent fate is not known.
Honors and awards
Qualified Muskingum personnel were eligible for the following:
- American Campaign Medal
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
- World War II Victory Medal
- Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp)
- National Defense Service Medal
- Vietnam Service Medal[dubious ]
- Philippines Liberation Medal
- Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal[dubious ]
- "Muskingum (AK-198)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 20 November 2016. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "C1 Cargo Ships". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. 28 August 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
- "Muskingum (AK-198)". Navsource.org. 18 April 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
- "Muskingum (AK-198)". United States Department of Transportation. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to USS Muskingum (AK-198).|
- Photo gallery of USS Muskingum (AK-198) at NavSource Naval History