USS Nashville (PG-7)

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USS Nashville
USS Nashville at the Norfolk Navy Yard, Virginia, 8 January 1898.
History
Name: USS Nashville
Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Newport News, Virginia
Laid down: 9 August 1894
Launched: 19 October 1895
Commissioned: 19 August 1897
Decommissioned: 21 October 1918
Fate: Sold, 20 October 1921
General characteristics
Type: Gunboat
Displacement: 1,371 long tons (1,393 t)
Length: 233 ft 8 in (71.22 m)
Beam: 38 ft 1 in (11.61 m)
Draft: 11 ft (3.4 m)
Installed power: 2,500 ihp (1,860 kW)[1]
Propulsion: Screw steamer
Speed: 16.3 kn (30.2 km/h; 18.8 mph)
Complement: 180 officers and enlisted
Armament:
  • 8 × 4 in (100 mm) guns
  • 2 × 6–pounder guns
  • 2 × 3–pounder guns
  • 2 × 1–pounder guns
Service record
Operations:

USS Nashville (PG-7), a gunboat, was the only ship of its class. It was the first of three ships of the United States Navy to hold the name Nashville.

Nashville (PG-7) was laid down on 9 August 1894 by Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Newport News, Virginia; launched on 19 October 1895; sponsored by Miss Emma Thompson, and commissioned on 19 August 1897, Commander Washburn Maynard in command.[2]

Service history[edit]

Pre-commissioning[edit]

The contract to build Nashville was awarded on Jan. 22, 1894, the first Navy construction contract won by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company.[3]

The ship's originally planned sponsor was Miss Maria Guild, daughter of Nashville, Tennessee Mayor George Blackmore Guild. While Mayor Guild's party was en route to the christening ceremony, word was received that William Guild, Mayor Guild's son, was accidently shot and killed. The party turned back immediately. Miss Emma Thompson, also from Nashville, christened the ship, with Joseph E. Washington standing in for Mayor Guild.[4]

Spanish–American War[edit]

Upon commissioning, Nashville joined the North Atlantic Fleet; and, as war with Spain became imminent after the sinking of the armored cruiser Maine, she was ordered to the Caribbean.[2] She was credited with firing the first shot of the war when, upon sighting of the Buena Ventura, she fired a blank shot across the Spanish merchantman's bow.[5] She captured four Spanish vessels from 22 April-26 July 1898, and assisted in cutting the undersea telegraph cable just off the shore of Cienfuegos,[2] where many of her sailors and Marines were honored with Medals of Honor.[6] Nashville remained on duty off Cuba until the war's end.[2]

Pre-World War I[edit]

The gunboat departed the Caribbean for duty in the Philippines on 14 October 1899, arriving at Manila on 31 December via the Suez Canal. Nashville provided gunfire support for American troops in campaigns against Filipino insurgents until June 1900. When the Boxer Rebellion erupted in China, Nashville departed Cavite on 8 June for China with a Marine Detachment embarked. She arrived at Taku on 18 June, disembarked the Marines assigned to the International Relief Expedition, and remained until the allied forces lifted the siege of Peking. After patrol duty off China, Nashville arrived at Cavite on 3 February 1901, where she based until July.[2]

Transferred to the Mediterranean, the gunboat arrived at Genoa, Italy on 22 September. After a year's patrol duty, Nashville left Gibraltar on 1 November 1902, arriving at Boston, Massachusetts on 16 January 1903. On the Caribbean Station from 26 May 1903–4 March 1904,[2] the Nashville was instrumental in preventing Colombian troops in Colon using the Panama railway thereby ensuring the success of the revolutionary junta in Panama and securing a treaty with the United States in building the Panama Canal.[7] She returned to Boston on 18 June and decommissioned on 30 June.[2]

Recommissioned on 8 August 1905 at Boston Navy Yard, Nashville sailed on 8 September for Santo Domingo, operating off Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Santo Domingo until 26 June 1906, when she returned to Boston to decommission on 23 July.[2]

After three years in reserve, Nashville was assigned to the Illinois Naval Militia on 29 April 1909. From May 1909 – July 1911, she trained militiamen on the Great Lakes, homeported at Chicago.[2]

USS Nashville caused an incident in 1909 when she was sent to the Great Lakes through the Canadian canal system unarmed. She was then later armed, along with four other ships, in contravention of the Rush–Bagot Treaty of 1817.[8]

After extensive overhaul and sea trials, she departed Boston on 7 January 1912, arriving Santo Domingo on 31 January to begin five years of patrol operations in the West Indies and off Central America, protecting United States interests. The ship participated in the United States occupation of Veracruz, proclaimed in April 1914 by United States President Woodrow Wilson, against the Mexican government of Victoriano Huerta. After a short period of reduced commission status from 10 May-8 July 1916 in New Orleans, the gunboat returned to Tampico, Mexico, where she remained until the U.S. entered World War I on 6 April 1917.[2]

World War I[edit]

After temporary duty off Tampico, Nashville sailed from Norfolk, Virginia on 2 August 1917, arriving Gibraltar on 18 August to patrol off the Moroccan coast. After serving as convoy escort off North Africa and in the western Mediterranean until 15 July 1918, Nashville departed Gibraltar, arriving on 1 August at Charleston, South Carolina.[2]

Lt. Forrest Sherman, future admiral and Chief of Naval Operations, served aboard at about this time.[9]

Fate[edit]

Nashville decommissioned on 21 October 1918 at Charleston, South Carolina, and was sold on 20 October 1921 to J. L. Bernard and Company, Washington, D.C.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (2001) Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I, pg. 143. Random House, London. ISBN 1851703780
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Nashville I (Gunboat No. 7)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
  3. ^ Erickson, Mark St. John (27 April 2018). "Three famous warships sprang from the shipyard's first Navy contract in 1894". Daily Press. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
  4. ^ "Tragedy Causes a Change in Pleasure Party's Programme". Saint Paul Daily Globe. Saint Paul, Minnesota. 19 October 1895. 
  5. ^ "First Shot of War". The County Record. Kingstree, South Carolina. 28 April 1898. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
  6. ^ "Spanish American War MOH Recipients". Retrieved 22 February 2010. 
  7. ^ Scott, William Rufus (1912). The Americans in Panama (2 ed.). New York: The Statler Publishing Company. pp. 64–66. 
  8. ^ Andrews, Paul Martin. (July 1981). Limits of Coexistince: the U.S.S. Nashville and the Presence of Armed American Naval Training Vessels on the Great Lakes. Montreal, Canada: Department of History, McGill University. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
  9. ^ "Forrest Percival Sherman Admiral, United States Navy". Arlington National Cemetery Website. Michael Robert Patterson. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 

External links[edit]

  • Photo gallery of USS Nashville (PG 7) at NavSource Naval History