USS New York (LPD-21)
New York in the Hudson River on 2 November 2009
|Name:||USS New York|
|Namesake:||The state of New York|
|Awarded:||November 25, 2003|
|Builder:||Northrop Grumman Ship Systems|
|Laid down:||September 10, 2004|
|Launched:||December 19, 2007|
|Christened:||March 1, 2008|
|Acquired:||August 21, 2009|
|Commissioned:||November 7, 2009|
|Homeport:||Naval Station Mayport|
|Motto:||"Strength forged through sacrifice. Never forget."|
|Status:||in active service|
|Class and type:||San Antonio-class amphibious transport dock|
|Displacement:||24,900 tons full|
|Draft:||7 m (23 ft)|
|Propulsion:||Four 10,400 hp sequentially turbocharged marine Colt-Pielstick diesel engines, two shafts, 41,600 shp (30 MW), driving Rolls-Royce controllable-pitch propellers|
|Speed:||In excess of 22 knots (25 mph; 41 km/h)|
|Boats & landing |
|Complement:||28 officers, 332 enlisted|
USS New York (LPD-21), the fifth San Antonio-class amphibious transport dock, is the fifth ship of the United States Navy to be named after the state of New York. New York has a crew of 360 and can carry up to 700 Marines. A symbolic amount of steel salvaged from the World Trade Center after it was destroyed in the September 11 attacks was used in her construction.
Shortly after 11 September 2001, Governor of New York George E. Pataki wrote a letter to Secretary of the Navy Gordon R. England requesting that the Navy bestow the name "New York" on a surface warship involved in the War on Terrorism in honor of the victims of the September 11 attacks. In his letter, the Governor said he understood state names were reserved for submarines but asked for special consideration so the name could be given to a surface ship. The request was approved 28 August 2002.
The contract to build New York was awarded to Northrop Grumman Ship Systems of New Orleans, Louisiana, in 2003. New York was under construction in New Orleans at the time of Hurricane Katrina in 2005.
7.5 short tons (6.8 t) of the steel used in the ship's construction came from the rubble of the World Trade Center; this represents less than one thousandth of the total weight of the ship. The steel was melted down at Amite Foundry and Machine in Amite, Louisiana, to cast the ship's bow section. It was poured into the molds on 9 September 2003, with 7 short tons (6.4 t) cast to form the ship's "stem bar"—part of the ship's bow. The foundry workers reportedly treated it with "reverence usually accorded to religious relics," gently touching it as they walked by. One worker delayed his retirement after 40 years of working to be part of the project.
Sister ships announced
On 9 September 2004 Deputy Defense Secretary Gordon R. England announced that two of New York's sister ships would be named Arlington and Somerset in commemoration of the places where two of the other planes used in the attack came down: Arlington County, Virginia, and Somerset County, Pennsylvania.
New York was christened on 1 March 2008, in a ceremony at Avondale Shipyard in New Orleans. Dotty England, the ship's sponsor, smashed the traditional champagne bottle on the ship's bow and christened the ship New York. Several dignitaries were in attendance, including Louisiana Congressman William J. Jefferson, Deputy Defense Secretary Gordon R. England, members of the New York City Police Department and the New York City Fire Department, and family members of 11 September victims. The champagne bottle did not break the first time it was struck against the hull of the ship, but the second attempt was successful.
The ship was delivered to the Navy on 21 August 2009 at New Orleans. The ship's delivery was accepted by her first commanding officer, Commander F. Curtis Jones, USN, a native of Binghamton, New York. She set sail for Norfolk, Virginia, on 13 October 2009. On 2 November 2009 the ship passed the World Trade Center site for the first time and gave the site a 21-gun salute.
Commissioning and trials
The ship commissioning of USS New York took place on 7 November 2009, in New York City. Speakers included Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus, Gov. David Paterson, Mayor Michael Bloomberg, Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Gary Roughead, and Commandant of the Marine Corps General James T. Conway.
On 11 January 2010, the Navy announced that the ship would have to undergo repairs for faulty engine parts after inspectors discovered the "premature failure" of bearings on the ship's main propulsion diesel engines during a week-long sea trial following the November commissioning. The Navy did not say how long the ship would be docked.
USS New York uses four Fairbanks-Morse license-built MAN Colt-Pielstick PC2.5 STC sequentially turbocharged marine diesel engines with inboard rotating Rolls-Royce controllable-pitch propellers. The V16-cylinder Colt-Pielstick PC2.5 STC engine is intended for use on ships requiring high propulsion power combined with a lightweight installation. Each V16 PC2.5 STC diesel engine weighs 84 metric tons (92.6 US short tons) dry without flywheel. This engine was selected to power all of the San Antonio-class vessels. Four engines are installed per ship, two per reduction gear, with each shaft having 20,800 shp driving its own controllable-pitch propeller. Each engine is rated at 7755 kW (10,400 hp) at 520 rpm, for a total of 41,600 shp per ship.
On 10 June 2012 the ship was deployed for the first time to the Strait of Hormuz and the Persian Gulf region. She deployed with Marines from 1st Battalion, 2nd Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division and returned in December 2012 along with the USS Iwo Jima and the USS Gunston Hall with Marines from the same unit attached to all three ships. In late 2013, the New York shifted homeport from Norfolk to Naval Station Mayport in Florida, as part of the Iwo Jima ARG move.
CDR F. Curtis Jones, USN, and Sec. Hillary Clinton at the commissioning
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USS New York (LPD 21) is the fifth U.S. ship to be named for the state of New York.
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"USS New York will play an important role in our Navy's future and will be a fitting tribute to the people of the Empire State," England said.
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- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.
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