USS Patapsco (1862)

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USS Patapsco (1862).jpg
Pencil sketch of USS Patapsco
History
United States Navy Jack
Name: USS Patapsco
Builder: Harlan & Hollingsworth
Laid down: Unknown
Launched: 27 September 1862
Commissioned: 2 January 1863
Struck: 1865 (est.)
Fate: Sunk by mine on 15 January 1865
General characteristics
Class and type: Passaic-class ironclad monitor
Displacement: 1,875 long tons (1,905 t)
Length: 241 ft (73 m)
Beam: 46 ft (14 m)
Draft: 10 ft 10 in (3.30 m)
Installed power: 320 ihp (240 kW)
Propulsion:
Speed: kn (6.9 mph; 11 km/h)
Complement: 105 officers and enlisted
Armament: 1 × 15 in (380 mm) smoothbore gun, 1 × 8 in (200 mm) Parrott rifle
Armor:
  • Side: 3–5 in (7.6–12.7 cm)
  • Turret: 11 in (28 cm)
  • Deck: 1 in (2.5 cm)
Notes: Armor is iron.

USS Patapsco was a Passaic-class ironclad monitor in the United States Navy during the American Civil War. She was named for the Patapsco River in Maryland.

Built in Wilmington, Delaware[edit]

Patapsco was the fourth U.S. Navy ship to bear that name. She was built by Harlan & Hollingsworth, Wilmington, Delaware; launched on 27 September 1862; and commissioned on 2 January 1863, Commander Daniel Ammen in command.

Civil War service[edit]

Assigned to the South Atlantic blockade[edit]

Assigned to the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, she took part in a bombardment of Fort McAllister on 3 March. On 7 April, Patapsco joined eight other ironclads in a vigorous attack on Fort Sumter, and received 47 hits from Confederate gunfire during that day.

Officers of her sister ship Sangamon in the James River, 1865

Beginning in mid-July, she began her participation in a lengthy bombardment campaign against Charleston's defending fortifications. This led to the capture of Fort Wagner in early September. Fort Sumter was reduced to a pile of rubble, but remained a formidable opponent.

In November 1863, Patapsco tested a large obstruction-clearing explosive device that had been devised by John Ericsson. Remaining off South Carolina and Georgia during much of 1864 and into 1865, the monitor — or her boat crews — took part in a reconnaissance of the Wilmington River, Georgia, in January 1864 and helped capture or destroy enemy sailing vessels in February and November of that year.

Sunk by a mine[edit]

On 15 January 1865, while participating in obstruction clearance operations in Charleston Harbor, Patapsco struck a Confederate mine and sank, with heavy loss of life.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°45′55″N 79°53′29″W / 32.765252°N 79.891281°W / 32.765252; -79.891281