USS Patterson (DD-36)
USS Patterson (DD-36) underway, circa 1916, halftone reproduction.
|Namesake:||Captain Daniel Patterson|
|Builder:||William Cramp and Sons, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
|Laid down:||29 March 1910|
|Launched:||29 April 1911|
|Sponsored by:||Miss Georgeanne Pollock Patterson|
|Commissioned:||11 October 1911|
|Decommissioned:||1 January 1919|
|Struck:||28 June 1934|
|Fate:||transferred to the United States Coast Guard|
|Status:||sold for scrap 2 May 1934, scrapped in accordance with the terms of the London Treaty for the Limitation and Reduction of Naval Armaments|
|Notes:||Patterson lost her name to new construction on July 1, 1933|
USCG Patterson (CG-16) circa 1928 on Coast Guard service, location unknown.
|Acquired:||28 April 1924|
|Commissioned:||24 November 1924|
|Decommissioned:||16 March 1930|
|Fate:||returned to the US Navy, 8 October 1930|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Paulding-class destroyer|
|Length:||293 ft 10 in (89.56 m)|
|Beam:||27 ft (8.2 m)|
|Draft:||8 ft 4 in (2.54 m) (mean)|
|Installed power:||12,000 ihp (8,900 kW)|
|Complement:||4 officers 87 enlisted|
The first USS Patterson (DD-36) was a modified Paulding-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War I and later in the United States Coast Guard, designated as CG-16. She was named for Daniel Patterson.
Patterson was laid down on 29 March 1910 by William Cramp and Sons, Philadelphia; launched on 29 April 1911; sponsored by Miss Georgeanne Pollock Patterson; and commissioned on 11 October 1911, Lieutenant Commander John M. Luby in command.
Pre-World War I
Patterson departed Philadelphia on 23 October 1911, calling at Newport, Rhode Island, and New York City, before arriving at Boston on 2 November, her homeport for operations off the New England Coast, the Virginia Capes, and south to Charleston, South Carolina; Pensacola, Florida; and Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. She arrived off Vera Cruz from Pensacola on 20 May 1914 and headed home four days later.
World War I
As America entered World War I, Patterson patrolled along the New England Coast in the approaches to Newport and Boston to safeguard inbound trans-Atlantic convoys. One patrol mission took her as far north as St. Johns, Newfoundland.
The first United States help to the hard-pressed allies was the assignment of US destroyers to the British Fleet to help combat enemy submarines that threatened to cut the sea lifelines to the British Isles. Patterson was the flagship of the second division of destroyers to cross the Atlantic on this mission. But the destroyers could not make it across the North Atlantic without refueling. Newly commissioned fleet oiler Maumee, whose executive officer and chief engineer was Lieutenant Chester W. Nimitz, stationed herself in mid-Atlantic, between Boston and Queenstown, Ireland.
Patterson led Division 5 out of Boston Harbor on 21 May 1917 and made rendezvous with Maumee the morning of 28 May. She was the first destroyer to maneuver alongside Maumee to receive fuel oil enabling her to complete the Atlantic crossing. The division arrived Queenstown, Ireland, on 1 June 1917. There Patterson and her sister destroyers received British signal books and depth charges.
Patterson began patrol and escort in the approaches to Queenstown on 5 June. On 12 June, she dropped depth charges to help drive away a German U-boat attacking SS Indian. A collision with His Majesty's tug Dreadful at the entrance to Berehaven Harbour, Ireland, the night of 1 January 1918, damaged Patterson's bow but she resumed regular escort and patrol on 5 February. Two days later she rescued 12 survivors of steamship Mexico City, torpedoed by a German submarine. Patterson, patrolling in the Irish Sea on 17 May, dropped depth charges that drove away German U-101. She continued patrol out of Queenstown until 4 June, then departed for the United States.
On 16 June, one day out of Bermuda, she rescued survivors of the Norwegian bark Kringsjaa, sunk by German U-151. She landed the survivors at the Cape May Naval Station and continued on to the Philadelphia Navy Yard, arriving on 18 June for overhaul. She departed Norfolk, Virginia on 17 August for Tompkinsville, New York. There she joined the escort of battleship Pennsylvania bound for Norfolk. On 22 August, she got underway from that base as flagship of the “Patterson Group”, a special hunting squadron that included 11 submarine chasers.
The Patterson Group hunted U-boats north from the Virginia Capes to New York. When cargoman Felix Taussig mistook submarine chaser SC–188 for an enemy submarine and opened fire on 27 August, Patterson helped rescue the survivors and carried seven of the injured into New York Harbor for transfer to US Navy hospital ship Comfort. She dropped depth charges to drive away a German U-boat on 3 September, continuing hunter-killer patrols along the eastern seaboard until the special hunting group disbanded on 23 November.
Patterson entered the Philadelphia Navy Yard on 1 January 1919, remaining there until she was transferred to the US Coast Guard on 28 April 1924. She was stationed at Stapleton, New York and part of the Rum Patrol.
Returned to the Navy on 18 October 1930, she remained inactive until her name was cancelled on 1 July 1933 to permit its assignment to USS Patterson (DD-392). Her hulk was sold for scrapping on 2 May 1934 in accordance with the London Naval Treaty. She was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 28 June.
- "Table 21 - Ships on Navy List June 30, 1919". Congressional Serial Set. U.S. Government Printing Office: 762. 1921.
- Record of Movements Vessels of the United States Coast Guard 1790 -December 31, 1933 (PDF). Washington: TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 1989. p. 452.
- "USS Patterson (DD-36)". Navsource.org. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- "Table 10 - Ships on Navy List June 30, 1919". Congressional Serial Set. U.S. Government Printing Office: 714. 1921.
- "Table 16 - Ships on Navy List June 30, 1919". Congressional Serial Set. U.S. Government Printing Office: 749. 1921.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.