USS Pitt (APA-223)
|Namesake:||Pitt County, North Carolina|
|Ordered:||as a Type VC2-S-AP5 hull, MCE hull 571|
|Builder:||Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond, California|
|Laid down:||8 September 1944|
|Launched:||10 November 1944|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Gwin Fallis|
|Commissioned:||11 December 1944|
|Decommissioned:||9 April 1947|
|Reclassified:||redesignated Amphibious Transport (LPA-223), 14 August 1968|
|Struck:||23 April 1947|
|1 × battle star for World War II service|
|Fate:||transferred to Maritime Commission (MARCOM), 9 April 1947, laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay Group, Benecia, California|
|Status:||trade-out, 15 February 1980, withdrawn, 14 April 1980|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Haskell-class attack transport|
|Length:||455 ft (139 m)|
|Beam:||62 ft (19 m)|
|Draft:||24 ft (7.3 m)|
|Speed:||17.7 kn (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph)|
|Boats & landing
|Troops:||86 officers, 1,475 enlisted|
|Complement:||56 officers, 480 enlisted|
|Part of:||TransRon 13|
|Operations:||Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto (2–12 April 1945)|
USS Pitt (APA-223/LPA-223) was a Haskell-class attack transport that saw service with the US Navy in World War II. She was of the VC2-S-AP5 Victory ship design type and named after Pitt County, North Carolina.
Pitt was laid down on 8 September 1944, under a Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MCV hull 571, by Permanente Metals Corporation, Yard No. 2, Richmond, California; launched on 10 November 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Gwin Fallis; and commissioned on 11 December 1944, with Captain Walter S. Mayer, Jr., USN, in command.
After shakedown off the California coast, Pitt departed 10 February 1945, via Pearl Harbor and Eniwetok, for Ulithi Atoll, Caroline Islands, to join 600 other ships preparing for the invasion of Okinawa. She unloaded half of her ammunition cargo there, and the rest at Leyte.
Invasion of Okinawa
After loading US Army troops from the damaged attack transport Samuel Chase), she steamed for Kerama Retto where her troops cleaned out Zamami Shima, a key island in the small group off the southwest coast of Okinawa.
She then became "receiving ship" for the Kerama Retto Naval Base, caring for several hundred survivors of Japanese suicide attacks, and shooting down one suicide plane on 6 April. Pitt steamed to Saipan, Tulagi, Noumea, and Guam before returning with passengers to San Francisco, California, for the celebrations of the Japanese surrender.
End-of-war – Operation Magic Carpet
On 19 August, Pitt sailed via Ulithi to Mindanao and Leyte, where she loaded troops to occupy Aomori, northern Honshū, Japan, on 25 September. Pitt then began a series of Operation Magic Carpet assignments, returning fighting men to the States from such Pacific Ocean locations as Saipan and Tinian, Manila, and Nagoya, Japan.
On 14 August 1968, the designation “attack transport”, APA, was changed to “amphibious transport”, LPA, and APA-223 became LPA-223.
On 15 February 1980, A. L. Burbank & Co., received Pitt along with Magoffin, Sevier, and Pickaway to trade with Moore McCormack Lines, Inc., for SS Mormaccape and SS Mormactrade. She was then sold to Carol Shipping & Trading Corporation, Liberia, who sold her to Kang Hiva Enterprise, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, to be scrapped. She was withdrawn from the fleet 14 April 1980.
Honors and awards
- "Pitt". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History and Heritage Command. 21 August 2015. Retrieved 29 January 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Kaiser Permanente No. 2, Richmond CA". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
- "USS Pitt (LPA-223)". Navsource.org. 2 May 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
- "Pitt (APA-223)". United States Department of Transportation. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to USS Pitt (APA-223).|
- Photo gallery of USS Pitt (APA-223) at NavSource Naval History