USS Robin (AM-3)
|Builder:||Todd Shipyard Co., New York|
|Laid down:||4 March 1918|
|Launched:||17 June 1918|
|Commissioned:||29 August 1918|
|Decommissioned:||9 November 1945|
|Struck:||28 November 1945|
|Fate:||Designated for disposal, 1945|
|Class and type:||Lapwing-class minesweeper|
|Displacement:||1,009 long tons (1,025 t) full|
|Length:||187 ft 10 in (57.25 m)|
|Beam:||35 ft 6 in (10.82 m)|
|Draft:||10 ft 4 in (3.15 m)|
|Speed:||14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph)|
|Armament:||2 × 3 in (76 mm) guns|
Robin (Minesweeper No. 3) was laid down 4 March 1918 by the Todd Shipyard Corp., New York; launched 17 June 1918; sponsored by Miss Bessie Veronica Callaghan; and commissioned 29 August 1918, Lt. (jg.) Lewis H. Cutting in command.
North Atlantic operations
Commissioned at New York, Robin operated in the area, with one run to Hampton Roads, Virginia, until 23 February 1919. By that time the necessity of improving sweeping methods to expedite the clearing of the North Sea Mine Barrage had become very apparent. Robin, with two other minesweepers, tested the feasibility of using sweeps of greater breadth than 500–600 yards. The tests were conducted off Newport, Rhode Island, in late February and early March.
In mid-March, Robin proceeded to Boston, Massachusetts. On 6 April, she got underway for Scotland. On the 20th, she arrived at Inverness and joined the North Sea Mining Detachment. Based at Kirkwall, she participated in the seven operations conducted to clear the barrage of its more than 70,000 mines between Orkney and Norway.
With the conclusion of the final sweep, 19 September, Robin returned to Kirkwall for a brief rest after the difficult assignment, made more hazardous by the strong winds, rough seas, and poor visibility of the North Sea. She departed Scotland 1 October and arrived at New York 19 November.
Designated AM-3, 17 July 1920, she operated along the U.S. East Coast for the next 11 years, with winter deployments to the Caribbean. After winter maneuvers in 1932, she continued on to the U.S. West Coast and from her arrival, 6 March, until 9 April 1934 she operated in the San Pedro-San Diego area. During the summer, 1934, she returned to Norfolk, Virginia, but by the end of November was back at San Diego. She remained on the west coast, ranging from Mexico to Alaska and as far west as Hawaii, for the remainder of the decade.
Pacific Ocean assignment
On 7 December 1941 Robin was en route to Hawaii from Johnston Island. She arrived at Pearl Harbor on the 10th and until the end of February 1942 served as a salvage and minesweeping vessel. By 24 February Robin had been sent towing one large and three small lighters to assist in unloading the grounded SS President Taylor at Canton Island. In February, she shifted to small craft and target towing, torpedo retrieving, and passenger and cargo transportation duties. On 1 June 1942, she was officially redesignated as Ocean Tug AT-140.
World War II Pacific Theatre operations
In June 1943, after an extensive overhaul, she joined a convoy for Samoa. She arrived on the 10th and reported for duty as station vessel, Naval Station, Tutuila. Reclassified ATO-140 on 13 April 1944, she operated out of Tutuila until 1945 on towing and salvage assignments which took her to the Ellice Islands and Fiji Islands as well as among the Samoan group. Then, from January to March 1945, she operated among the Marshalls and Gilberts.
Decommissioning at war's end
- Naval History & Heritage Command. "Robin". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- War Plans and Files of the Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet (1942). ""NIMITZ GRAY BOOK" — War Plans and Files of the Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet" (PDF). Running Estimate and Summary maintained by Captain James M. Steele, USN, CINCPAC staff at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, covering the period 7 December 1941–31 August 1942. 1: Entries February–April 1942. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- Photo gallery of USS Robin (Minesweeper No. 3/AM-3/AT-140/ATO-140) at NavSource Naval History