USS S-4 (SS-109)

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USS S-4
USS S-4
History
United States
NameUSS S-4
BuilderPortsmouth Navy Yard, KitteryMaine
Laid down4 December 1917
Launched27 August 1919
Commissioned19 November 1919
Decommissioned7 April 1933
Out of service
  • Sunk in collision 17 December 1927;
  • Refloated 17 March 1928
Decommissioned19 March 1928
Recommissioned16 October 1928
Decommissioned7 April 1933
Stricken15 January 1936
FateScuttled 15 May 1936
General characteristics
Class and typeS-class submarine
Displacement
  • 876 long tons (890 t) surfaced
  • 1,092 long tons (1,110 t) submerged
Length231 ft (70 m)
Beam21 ft 10 in (6.65 m)
Speed
  • 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) surfaced
  • 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph) submerged
Complement42 officers and men
Armament

USS S-4 (SS-109) was an S-class submarine of the United States Navy. In 1927, she was sunk by being accidentally rammed by a United States Coast Guard destroyer with the loss of all hands but was raised and restored to service until stricken in 1936.

Construction[edit]

S-4's keel was laid down on 4 December 1917 by the Portsmouth Navy Yard in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and Kittery, Maine. She was launched on 27 August 1919 sponsored by Mrs. Herbert S. Howard, and commissioned on 19 November 1919.

Service[edit]

Following acceptance trials, a visit to Havana, Cuba from 14–19 January 1920, and subsequent operations along the Gulf of Mexico and New England coasts, S-4 departed New London, Connecticut on 18 November to rendezvous off New Hampshire with her assigned unit — Submarine Divisions 12 (SubDiv 12) — and SubDiv 18. The two divisions were about to embark on a historic voyage which, at that time, was to be the longest cruise undertaken by American submarines. Assigned to Submarine Flotilla 3 of the Asiatic Fleet at Cavite in the Philippine Islands, they sailed via the Panama Canal and Pearl Harbor and arrived at Cavite on 1 December 1921.

S-4 operated out of the Cavite Naval Station, with occasional visits to Chinese ports, until late 1924, when the two divisions were reassigned to the United States West Coast. Departing Cavite on 29 October, they arrived at Mare Island, California on 30 December.

Remaining at Mare Island in 1925, she operated along the U.S. West Coast through 1926, mainly at San Francisco, San Pedro, and San Diego, California. She departed Mare Island on 10 February 1927 and sailed to the Panama Canal Zone, where she operated through March–April, then proceeded to New London, Connecticut, arriving on 3 May. For the remainder of the year, she operated off the New England coast.

Sinking[edit]

On 17 December 1927, while surfacing from a submerged run over the measured-mile off Cape Cod near Provincetown, Massachusetts, she was accidentally rammed and sunk by the United States Coast Guard destroyer Paulding on Rum Patrol.[1]

S-4 under tow to the Boston Navy Yard after being salvaged in 1928

Paulding stopped and lowered lifeboats, but found only a small amount of oil and air bubbles. Rescue and salvage operations were commenced led by Rear Admiral Frank Brumby, Captain Ernest J. King, Lieutenant Henry Hartley and Commander Edward Ellsberg, only to be thwarted by severe weather. Significant effort was made to rescue six known survivors trapped in the forward torpedo room, who had exchanged a series of signals with the rescue force, by tapping on the hull. As the trapped men used the last of available oxygen in the sub, they sent a morse-coded message, “Is there any hope?” The response, composed by Captain King was: "There is hope. Everything possible is being done."[2] Thwarted by the weather, the rescue force could not rescue the six men and all 40 men aboard were lost.

During the course of the rescue operation Chief Gunner's Mate Thomas Eadie rescued, at the risk of his own life, a fellow diver, Fred Michels, who became fouled in the wreckage while attempting to attach an air hose to S-4. For his heroism Eadie was awarded the Medal of Honor.

S-4 was raised on 17 March 1928,[3] by a salvage effort commanded by Captain King. Several of the salvage divers, including Eadie and previous Medal of Honor recipient Frank W. Crilley, were awarded the Navy Cross for their actions during the operation. Another Medal of Honor recipient, Chief Boatswain George Cregan, received the Navy Cross for his service as commander of the tugboat Sagamore during the rescue attempt. The submarine was towed to the Boston Navy Yard for dry-docking and was decommissioned on 19 March 1928.

Return[edit]

S-4 was recommissioned on 16 October 1928, after repairs and conversion to a test vessel for submarine rescue experimentation. She served at Key West, Florida early in 1929–1930, and in the Northeastern United States during the remainder of those years. In 1931, she operated again at New London until departing there on 3 January 1932 for Pearl Harbor. Sailing via the Panama Canal, she arrived at Pearl Harbor on 29 August. On 7 April 1933, S-4 was decommissioned and laid up. She was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 15 January 1936 and scuttled on 15 May 1936.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Submarine Casualties Booklet". U.S. Naval Submarine School. 1966. Retrieved 2009-09-08. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ Williams, Joseph A. (2015). Seventeen fathoms deep: The saga of the submarine S-4 disaster. Chicago, IL: Chicago Review Press. p. 169. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  3. ^ Owens, Roger (Voice), Wilbur, Curtis D. (U.S. Secretary of the Navy). (THE S-4) YESTERDAYS NEWSREEL 20TH CENTURY SPANISH CIVIL WAR WRIGHT DRAGONFLY PLANE ALBERT EINSTEIN 61114. PersicopeFilm. 6 minutes in. Retrieved 20 January 2021 – via Internet Archive.
  4. ^ Central Press photo, "Navy Sinks Jinx Submarine", The San Bernardino Daily Sun, San Bernardino, California, Tuesday 26 May 1936, Volume 42, page 2.

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

External links[edit]