USS Salem (CL-3)
USS Salem (CS-3), overhead view, undated.
|Namesake:||City of Salem, Massachusetts|
|Ordered:||27 April 1904|
|Awarded:||17 May 1905|
|Builder:||Fore River Shipyard, Quincy Point, Quincy, Massachusetts|
|Cost:||$1,566,000 (hull & machinery)|
|Laid down:||28 August 1905|
|Launched:||27 July 1907|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Lorna Pinnock|
|Commissioned:||1 August 1908|
|Decommissioned:||16 August 1921|
|Reclassified:||CL-3, 17 July 1920|
|Struck:||13 November 1929|
|Fate:||Sold for scrap, 11 February 1930|
|General characteristics (As built)|
|Class and type:||Chester-class Scout cruiser|
|Beam:||47 ft 1 in (14.35 m)|
|Draft:||16 ft 9 in (5.11 m) (mean)|
|Complement:||42 officers 326 enlisted|
|General characteristics (1917)|
|Propulsion:||2 × General Electric steam turbines|
Salem was laid down on 28 August 1905, by the Fore River Shipyard; launched on 27 July 1907, sponsored by Mrs. Lorna Pinnock; and commissioned on 1 August 1908, Commander Henry B. Wilson in command.
Pre-World War I
As one of the Navy's first turbine-engined warships, Salem departed Boston on 17 October 1908 to carry out extensive trials along the Atlantic coast. Joining her sister ships, Birmingham and Chester, in the Scout Cruiser Division in June 1909, Salem cruised in the Atlantic, making one voyage to Funchal, Madeira. Assigned to the 5th Division, Atlantic Fleet, in, 1910, Salem briefly deployed to Haitian waters during August 1911, returning to the New York Navy Yard on 11 September. Subsequently placed in reserve at the Boston Navy Yard on 20 April 1912, Salem relieved Wabash as receiving ship there on that date and served until 7 October. Then reassigned to the Reserve Force, Atlantic Fleet, Salem subsequently made a cruise to Gibraltar and returned to the United States in late March 1913. Arriving at Hampton Roads on 25 March, she shifted to Philadelphia on 30 March.
Salem remained at Philadelphia, in reduced commission, into 1914. On 23 April, Salem was placed in full commission and assigned to the Special Service Squadron for duty in Mexican waters. She cruised off the Mexican port of Veracruz supporting US operations ashore until assigned to the Cruiser Squadron, Atlantic Fleet, on 2 September. Departing Veracruz on 19 September, Salem arrived at Boston on 1 October for service with the Atlantic Fleet but was detached from the Cruiser Squadron on 25 November, and was again placed in reserve on 1 December. She relieved Brooklyn as receiving ship at the Boston Navy Yard on 12 March 1915 and served there until assigned to the Caribbean on 21 May 1916. Cruising off Mexican and Dominican ports, Salem transported Marine detachments, assisted in radio communication links, and protected United States interests until returning to the Philadelphia Navy Yard to be placed out of commission on 2 December 1916.
World War I
Following US entry into World War I, Salem was recommissioned on 21 April 1917 for duty as a receiving ship at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. Two days later, however, she was decommissioned and towed to the Boston Navy Yard to have her original Curtis turbines replaced by General Electric turbines.
Recommissioned on 25 July, while still undergoing overhaul, Salem stood out of Boston harbor on 12 March 1918 for New London, Connecticut, to join a force gathering to convoy submarine chasers across the Atlantic. From 31 March-15 June, she served as flagship for two convoys of submarine chasers, leaving both at Ponta Delgada, Azores, and returning westward. On 18 June, she became a flagship of a flotilla of 12 submarine chasers assigned to Key West to operate against German submarines. Arriving at Key West on the 22nd, Salem's force carried out antisubmarine patrols off Florida and as far south as the Yucatán Peninsula through the remainder of World War I.
On 27 November, the force was disbanded; and, after an overhaul at the Boston Navy Yard, Salem steamed to the west coast. Designated CL-3 on 17 July 1920, she was decommissioned at Mare Island on 16 August 1921; struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 13 November 1929; and, with cruisers Albany and New Orleans, sold on 11 February 1930 to D. G. Seagraves of San Francisco, California, for scrapping.
- "Ships' Data, U. S. Naval Vessels, 1911-". US Naval Department. 1 January 1914. pp. 40–47. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- "Ships' Data, U. S. Naval Vessels, 1921-". US Naval Department. 1 July 1921. pp. 60–67. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- Toppan, Andrew (22 January 2000). "Chester class scout cruisers". US Cruisers List: Light/Heavy/Antiaircraft Cruisers, Part 1. Hazegray.org. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
- "Ships named Salem". United States Naval Shipbuilding Museum. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- "Salem (Scout Cruiser No. 3) i". Naval History and Heritage Command. 4 June 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2015.