Jump to content

USS Shark (SS-174)

Coordinates: 1°45′N 127°15′E / 1.750°N 127.250°E / 1.750; 127.250
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Shark, just after launch
United States
NameUSS Shark
BuilderElectric Boat Company, Groton, Connecticut[1]
Laid down24 October 1933[1]
Launched21 May 1935[1]
Commissioned25 January 1936[1]
FateProbably sunk by Japanese destroyer Yamakaze east of Manado, 11 February 1942[2]
General characteristics
Class and typePorpoise-class diesel-electric submarine[2]
  • 1,316 long tons (1,337 t) standard, surfaced[3]
  • 1,968 long tons (2,000 t) submerged[3]
Beam25 ft .75 in (7.6391 m)[3]
Draft13 ft 9 in (4.19 m)[10]
  • 19.5 kn (22.4 mph; 36.1 km/h) surfaced[3]
  • 8.25 kn (9.49 mph; 15.28 km/h) submerged[3]
  • 6,000 nmi (6,900 mi; 11,000 km) at 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h)
  • 21,000 nmi (24,000 mi; 39,000 km) at 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h) with fuel in the main ballast tanks[3]
  • 10 hours at 5 kn (5.8 mph; 9.3 km/h)
  • 36 hours at minimum speed[3]
Test depth250 ft (76 m)[3]
Capacity85,946–86,675 US gal (325,340–328,100 L)[12]
Complement5 officers, 49 enlisted[3]

USS Shark (SS-174) was a Porpoise-class submarine, the fifth ship of the United States Navy to be named for the shark.

Construction and commissioning[edit]

Shark′s keel was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, on 24 October 1933. She was launched on 21 May 1935, sponsored by Miss Ruth Ellen Lonergan, the 12-year-old daughter of United States Senator Augustine Lonergan of Connecticut, and commissioned on 25 January 1936.

Inter-war period[edit]

Asiatic Fleet[edit]

Following shakedown in the North Atlantic and the Caribbean Sea, Shark transited the Panama Canal and arrived at San Diego, California on 4 March 1937. She spent the next year and one-half in training exercises and Army-Navy war problems as a unit of Submarine Squadron 6 (SubRon 6). Following a regular overhaul at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, Shark got underway from San Diego on 16 December 1938 bound for Pearl Harbor and reassignment to SubRon 4.

Following two years of operations in the Hawaii area, Shark set sail from Pearl Harbor on 3 December 1940 to join the Asiatic Fleet based at Manila, where she engaged in fleet tactics and exercises until the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Departing Manila on 9 December 1941, she was at sea during the Japanese bombing raids on Manila the next day. For the next week, Shark patrolled Tayabas Bay until ordered back to Manila on 19 December to embark Admiral Thomas C. Hart, Commander-in-Chief, Asiatic Fleet, for transportation to Soerabaja, Java.

World War II[edit]

On 6 January 1942, Shark was almost hit by a torpedo from an Imperial Japanese Navy submarine. A few days later, she was ordered to Ambon Island, where a Japanese invasion was expected. On 27 January, she was directed to join the submarines patrolling in Molucca Passage,[13] then to cover the passage east of Lifamatola and Bangka Strait. On 2 February 1942, Shark reported to her base at Soerabaja, Java, that she had been depth-charged 10 nautical miles (19 km; 12 mi) off Tifore Island and had failed to sink a Japanese ship during a torpedo attack. On 7 February, she reported chasing an empty cargo ship headed northwest, for which the Asiatic Fleet submarine commander, Captain John E. Wilkes, upbraided Shane.[14] No further messages were received from Shark. On 8 February, she was told to proceed to Makassar Strait and later was told to report information. Nothing was heard and, on 7 March 1942, Shark was reported as presumed lost, the victim of unknown causes.[15] She was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 24 June 1942.

Shark may have been the first U.S. submarine sunk by enemy antisubmarine forces. Post-war, Japanese records showed numerous attacks on unidentified submarines in Shark's area at plausible times. At 01:37 on 11 February, for example, the Japanese destroyer Yamakaze opened fire with her 5-inch (127 mm) guns and sank a surfaced submarine. Yamakaze′s crew heard voices in the water, but made no attempt to rescue possible survivors.



  1. ^ a b c d Friedman, Norman (1995). U.S. Submarines Through 1945: An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute. pp. 285–304. ISBN 1-55750-263-3.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Bauer, K. Jack; Roberts, Stephen S. (1991). Register of Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1775–1990: Major Combatants. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. pp. 268–269. ISBN 0-313-26202-0.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j U.S. Submarines Through 1945 pp. 305–311
  4. ^ Alden, John D., Commander, USN (retired). The Fleet Submarine in the U.S. Navy (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1979), p.210.
  5. ^ a b c Alden, p.210.
  6. ^ U.S. Submarines Through 1945 pp.261–263
  7. ^ Alden, p.211.
  8. ^ total 2,085 hp (1,555 kW)
  9. ^ Lenton, H. T. American Submarines (New York: Doubleday, 1973), p.45.
  10. ^ a b c Lenton, p.45.
  11. ^ Lenton, pp.39 & 45.
  12. ^ Alden, p.58; Lenton, p.45, puts it at 347 tons.
  13. ^ DANFS
  14. ^ Blair, Clay, Jr. Silent Victory (New York: Bantam, 1976; reprints Lippincott 1975 edition), p.165.
  15. ^ Blair, p.165.

External links[edit]

1°45′N 127°15′E / 1.750°N 127.250°E / 1.750; 127.250