USS Sterope (AK-96)
USS Sterope (AK-96) unloading cargo onto pontoons at Guadalcanal, 1943
|Ordered:||as a type (EC2-S-C1) hull, MCE hull 183, SS James Wilson|
|Builder:||Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation, Portland, Oregon|
|Laid down:||9 December 1941|
|Launched:||22 February 1942|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. John Spady|
|Acquired:||27 March 1943|
|Commissioned:||14 May 1943|
|Decommissioned:||16 May 1946|
|Refit:||converted for Naval service by the Los Angeles Shipbuilding and Drydock Co.|
|Struck:||19 November 1947|
|Fate:||sold for scrapping, 16 August 1963, to The Learner Corp./Union Minerals & Alloys Corp., Oakland, CA.|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Crater-class cargo ship|
|Displacement:||4,023 long tons (4,088 t) (standard)
14,550 long tons (14,780 t) (full load)
|Length:||441 ft 6 in (134.57 m)|
|Beam:||56 ft 11 in (17.35 m)|
|Draft:||28 ft 4 in (8.64 m)|
|Installed power:||2,500 shp (1,900 kW)|
|Propulsion:||2 × Combustion Engineering header-type boilers, 220psi 450°
1 × General Machine Corp. vertical triple-expansion reciprocating steam engine
1 × shaft
|Speed:||12.5 kn (14.4 mph; 23.2 km/h)|
|Armament:||1 × 5 in (130 mm)/38 caliber dual purpose gun
1 × 3 in (76 mm)/50 caliber dual purpose gun
2 × 40 mm (1.6 in) 40mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun mounts
6 × 20 mm (0.79 in) Oerlikon cannons anti-aircraft gun mounts
USS Sterope (AK-96) was an Crater-class cargo ship commissioned by the U.S. Navy for service in World War II. She was responsible for delivering troops, goods and equipment to locations in the war zone.
Sterope (AK-96), ex-SS James Wilson (MC hull 183), was laid down on 9 December 1941 by the Oregon Shipbuilding Co., Portland, Oregon; launched on 22 February 1942; sponsored by Mrs. John Spady; acquired by the Navy on 27 March 1943; and commissioned on 14 May 1943, Lt. Comdr. Leo P. Toolin, USCG, in command.
World War II Pacific Theatre operations
Sterope was converted to Navy specifications by the Los Angeles Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., and completed her shakedown cruise on 10 June. The ship --- assigned to the Naval Transportation Service ---proceeded to San Francisco, California, loaded, and sailed on 24 June for New Caledonia. Sterope arrived at Noumea on 16 July 1943 and, for the next two years, shuttled supplies to advanced bases as a part of the Service Force, Pacific Fleet.
Late in July 1945, Sterope headed for Pearl Harbor and the U.S. west coast. She reached San Francisco on 6 August and was undergoing overhaul there when the war ended. On 9 October 1945, the ship sailed for Guam and moved varied cargo among the islands of the Central Pacific for the next six months.
Sterope arrived at Pearl Harbor on 18 April 1946 and was decommissioned there on 16 May. In August 1947, she was towed to San Francisco and returned to the Maritime Commission. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 19 November 1947.
Military awards and honors
Sterope received two battle stars for World War II service. Her crew was eligible for the following medals:
- American Campaign Medal
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (2)
- World War II Victory Medal
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Photo gallery of Sterope at NavSource Naval History