USS Texas (CGN-39)
||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (January 2009)|
|Namesake:||State of Texas|
|Ordered:||21 December 1971|
|Builder:||Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company|
|Laid down:||18 August 1973|
|Launched:||9 August 1975|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Dolph Briscoe|
|Commissioned:||10 September 1977|
|Decommissioned:||16 July 1993|
|Struck:||16 July 1993|
|Motto:||Proud Heritage, Proud Purpose|
|Fate:||Nuclear Recycling, 30 October 2001|
|Notes:||Radio Callsign: NTEX|
|Class & type:||Virginia-class cruiser|
|Displacement:||11,000 short tons (10,000 t) full|
|Propulsion:||2 General Electric D2G reactors, geared turbines, twin propellers, 70,200 horsepower (135 MW)|
|Complement:||39 officers, 539 men|
Texas' keel was laid down on 18 August 1973, at Newport News, Virginia, by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company. She was initially designated a guided missile destroyer leader, but was reclassified as a guided missile cruiser and given the hull classification symbol CGN-39 on 30 June 1975. She was launched on 9 August 1975, sponsored by Mrs. Dolph Briscoe, wife of the Governor of Texas, and commissioned on 10 September 1977, with Captain Peter B. Fiedler in command.
Following a nine-week test of the ship's combat systems, Texas loaded weapons at the Yorktown Naval Weapons station in October and underwent refresher training out of Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, in November. Texas spent the first three months of 1978 conducting at-sea evaluation of her propulsion and weapons systems off the Virginia Capes and in the Caribbean. On 28 March, she transited to her building yard at Newport News to commence a Post Shakedown Availability (PSA) which was completed on 31 July. The remainder of 1978 was spent in individual ship exercises off the east coast and Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico, interspersed with periods in Texas' home port of Norfolk, Virginia.
The maiden deployment of Texas was with the USS Nimitz Battle Group in the Mediterranean and North Arabian Sea during the Iranian hostage crisis in support of Operation Eagle Claw. She also served as Flagship for Commander, Cruiser-Destroyer Group One. In 1980-81, during a maintenance period she received two 4-cell Harpoon anti-ship missile batteries and two CIWS gun mounts for anti-missile defense. The second deployment of the ship was once again with the Nimitz Battle Group operating in the Mediterranean Sea followed. During this period, Texas saw combat for the first time, as she responded to Libyan aggression in the Gulf of Sidra.
On 11 August 1983, anti-nuclear activists marched in Wellington, New Zealand in opposition to a Texas port visit there. The anti-nuclear movement in New Zealand objected to the US policy of not publicizing which of its ships carried nuclear weapons.
Texas' third deployment was with the USS Carl Vinson Battle Group, and included an around-the-world cruise which allowed her to visit every inhabited continent except South America and to sail all the oceans except the Arctic. The world cruise also included a change of homeport to San Diego, from Norfolk, Virginia. Texas spent the first part of the following year operating in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea before returning to San Diego. She then began to make preparations for a homeport change to Bremerton, Washington, for a Complex Overhaul. She entered dry-dock at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in September, and remained there until April 1987. The overhaul lasted until April 1987, and included the installation of the Tomahawk missile system.
Following a homeport change to Alameda, California, Texas deployed with the Carl Vinson Battle Group for Westpac 1988 as the Anti-Air Warfare Commander. This fourth major deployment included port visits to Singapore, Subic Bay, Hawaii, Thailand, Hong Kong and Kenya. In 1989, Texas conducted local operations and a short overhaul at Hunters Point Naval Shipyard in San Francisco. By the end of the year, she was back at sea on counter-narcotics operations off the coast of South America.
In February 1991, Texas began her sixth deployment, en route to the Arabian Sea. She served during Operation Desert Storm as the command ship for the anti-air warfare commander of the Nimitz Battle Group. Additionally, she served as a mother-ship for minesweeping operations off the coast of Kuwait, providing valuable logistic support for several minesweepers. She returned to San Francisco in August of that year. In April 1992, Texas returned to sea and conducted a second counter-narcotics mission that included visits to Ecuador and Panama.
Texas was half way through her mid-life refueling and New Threat Upgrade overhaul and work was just beginning to install new reactor cores in early May 1993, when the decision was made to cancel the work on her and also the planned refueling of her Virginia-class sister-ships. Texas was placed in reserve commission on 31 May 1993, then decommissioned and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 16 July 1993 after just 15 years of service. Texas entered the nuclear Ship-Submarine Recycling Program at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard on 1 October 1999.
|This section does not cite any sources. (October 2009)|
The official crest of USS Texas CGN 39 was designed by Martha Bell, a freelance graphic designer and a Texan. The colors—red, white, and blue—represent the state flag of Texas. The anchor and the fouled line symbolize the Navy, while the Lone Star signifies the state of Texas. The atoms and orbits within the Lone Star represent the nuclear power characteristics of the ship. The three stars at the bottom represent the past United States ships named "Texas". The motto, "Proud Heritage, Proud Purpose", refers to the history and legacy of those ships, and their purpose: defense of the United States.
- United Press International, "Cruiser Launched", Playground Daily News, Fort Walton Beach, Florida, Wednesday 13 August 1975, Volume 30, Number 161, page 8A.
- Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. USS Texas – III.
- "Protest against the USS Texas". The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 2014-07-11.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to USS Texas (CGN-39).|
- navsource.org: USS Texas
- usstexasbb35.com Unofficial USS Texas CGN-39 History
- Naval Vessel Register – CGN-39
- military.com USS Texas CGN-39 unit page
- Teara.govt.nz 1983 Protest