USS Toledo (SSN-769)

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USS Toledo (SSN-769)
History
United States
Name: USS Toledo
Namesake: The City of Toledo, Ohio
Awarded: 10 June 1988
Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company
Laid down: 6 May 1991
Launched: 28 August 1993
Sponsored by: Mrs. Sabra Smith
Commissioned: 24 February 1995
Homeport: Groton, Connecticut
Identification:
Status: In active service
Badge: 769insig.png
General characteristics
Class and type: Los Angeles-class submarine
Displacement:
  • 6,000 long tons (6,096 t) light
  • 6,927 long tons (7,038 t) full
  • 927 long tons (942 t) dead
Length: 110.3 m (361 ft 11 in)
Beam: 10 m (32 ft 10 in)
Draft: 9.4 m (30 ft 10 in)
Propulsion: S6G nuclear reactor
Complement: 12 officers, 98 men
Armament:
  • 4 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes
  • 12 × vertical launch Tomahawk missiles

USS Toledo (SSN-769), is a United States Navy, Los Angeles-class nuclear powered attack submarine and the third U.S. Naval vessel to be named for the city of Toledo, Ohio. The contract to build her was awarded to Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company in Newport News, Virginia on 10 June 1988 and her keel was laid down on 6 May 1991. She was launched on 28 August 1993, sponsored by Mrs. Sabra Smith, and commissioned on 24 February 1995. [1]

History[edit]

Her first deployment was to the Mediterranean with the George Washington Carrier Strike Group in 1997–1998, followed by a six month tour of the North Atlantic.[2]

Kursk incident[edit]

Toledo and Memphis were observing Russian naval exercises in August 2000. There, the Russian cruise missile submarine Kursk suffered a catastrophic incident and sunk. Russian Navy officials initially made numerous claims that the sinking of Kursk was caused by a collision with one of the US submarines, even though evidence clearly disapproved such a theory; the underwater seismic signals recorded matched that of an explosion and not a collision with another vessel[3], and the US submarines were fully operational after the incident (furthermore the Toledo would have been severely damaged or sunk by a hypothetical collision, being less than half of Kursk's displacement).[4] The loss of Kursk was found to be caused by a faulty dummy torpedo leaking highly volatile high-test peroxide (HTP), setting off a chain reaction that detonated 5–7 combat-ready torpedo warheads.[5]

Size and mass comparison of Kursk and USS Toledo, which is less than half of Kursk's displacement

Nonetheless the French filmmaker Jean-Michel Carré, in an historical fiction movie named Kursk: A Submarine in Troubled Waters,[6] which aired on 7 January 2005 on French TV channel France 2, alleged that Kursk sank because of a sequence of events triggered by a collision with Toledo. According to Carré, Kursk was performing tests with VA-111 Shkval torpedoes and the tests were being observed by two US submarines on duty in the region, Toledo and Memphis.

2001-2006 deployments[edit]

Toledo deployed to the Mediterranean again in late 2001-early 2002 in support of Operation Enduring Freedom.[2]

Toledo returned to the Naval Submarine Base New London in mid-April 2003 after having taken part in Operation Iraqi Freedom.

On 7 December 2004, Toledo returned to Groton, Connecticut, after a six-month deployment in the Persian Gulf with the John F. Kennedy Carrier Strike Group that included port calls in Crete, Dubai, and Bahrain. Her route home from Bahrain was unusual, rounding the Cape of Good Hope rather than using the Suez Canal. Once back in the North Atlantic, she was diverted for a classified drug interdiction mission with the Joint Interagency Task Force–South in the Caribbean Sea.

On 31 January 2006, Toledo again departed for a six-month deployment to CENTCOM. Port calls included Augusta Bay, Sicily, Dubai, the British Indian Ocean Territory of Diego Garcia and La Maddalena. She returned from this deployment on 31 July 2006.

Maintenance 2006–2009[edit]

Northrop Grumman Corporation was awarded a contract from the U.S. Navy for maintenance work, known as a depot modernization period, on Toledo. The initial planning contract was valued at approximately $34.7 million. The final value, including the actual execution, was $178.5 million. She arrived in December 2006 to Newport News, VA and the work was completed in March 2009. The project was delayed more than eight months because of more than 2,000 project changes. This was a competitive award under a Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) multiple award contract.

In July 2009 two hull cracks, including one in her pressure hull, were discovered during a routine inspection. Although the Navy and Northrop Grumman launched two investigations into welding practices at the yard while Toledo was under maintenance, the cracks do not appear to be related to welds.[7]

Return to service[edit]

Toledo left for another six-month deployment on 23 July 2010. In December 2010 she made a port call in Haifa. Commander Reckamp was received by the Haifa City Mayor Yona Yahav in the City Hall as is customary for visiting commanders of warships making port calls in Haifa.

On 20 January 2011, Toledo returned to Groton, Connecticut after a six-month deployment that included port calls in Cyprus, Bahrain, and Haifa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.public.navy.mil/subfor/hq/Pages/USSToledo(SSN769).aspx
  2. ^ a b "Toledo's namesake submarine at work after midlife rebuild". toledoblade.com. 18 May 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  3. ^ Reed, Christina (February 2001). "Sinking the Kursk". GeoTimes. American Geological Institute. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  4. ^ "Cohen Press conference at the U.S. Embassy, Tokyo". defenselink.mil. Archived from the original on 16 April 2007.
  5. ^ "AWE Blacknest". Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014.(registration required)
  6. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0vR2MIriTCY Koursk: un sous-marin en eaux troubles 70 mn documentary
  7. ^ Peter Frost (21 July 2009). "Cracks found in USS Toledo". Newport News, Va., Daily Press. Archived from the original on 23 July 2009.

This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain.