USS Triana (IX-223)

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History
United States
Name: Elinor Wylie
Namesake: The poet Elinor Wylie
Owner: War Shipping Administration (WSA)
Operator: McCormick Steamship Lines
Ordered: as a Type EC2-S-C1 hull, MCE hull 2559[1]
Builder: California Shipbuilding Corporation, Terminal Island, Los Angeles, California
Yard number: 290[1]
Way number: 6[1]
Laid down: 27 December 1943
Launched: 24 January 1944
In service: 10 February 1944
Fate: transferred to the US Navy, 24 May 1945
United States
Name: Triana
Namesake: Rodrigo de Triana
Acquired: 24 May 1945
Commissioned: 24 May 1945
Decommissioned: 20 February 1946
Renamed: Triana, on 21 May 1945
Struck: 12 March 1946
Identification: Hull symbol: IX-223
Fate: returned to MARCOM, 20 February 1946, laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay Group, Benicia, California
Status: sold for scrapping, 12 September 1958, withdrawn, 1 October 1958
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Triana-class miscellaneous unclassified
Type: Type EC2-S-C1
Displacement: 14,230 long tons (14,460 t)
Length: 441 ft 6 in (134.57 m)
Beam: 56 ft 11 in (17.35 m)
Draught: 27 ft 9 in (8.46 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 12 kn (14 mph; 22 km/h)
Complement: 98 officers and men
Armament: 2 × 3 in (76 mm)/50 caliber dual purpose (DP) guns

USS Triana (IX-223), an unclassified miscellaneous vessel, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for Rodrigo de Triana, the discoverer of the Americas.

Construction[edit]

Triana was laid down on 27 December 1943, under a Maritime Commission contract, MC hull No. 2559, as the Liberty ship SS Elinor Wylie, by California Shipbuilding Corporation, Terminal Island, Los Angeles, California, for the McCormick Steamship Lines; launched on 24 January 1944; sponsored by Mrs. William O'Brien; renamed Triana on 21 May 1945; acquired by the Navy from the War Shipping Administration (WSA) on a "bare-boat" basis on 24 May 194; and commissioned at Pearl Harbor the same day with Lieutenant Wyman W. Hodgkins, USNR, in command.[3]

Service history[edit]

The ship had been severely damaged by an underwater explosion in 1944, and was not considered seaworthy when fully loaded. Nevertheless, during the period 24 May to 29 July, she was patched up, strengthened, and converted into a floating storage ship by the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard.[3]

On 30 July, Triana got underway for the Marshall Islands and arrived at Eniwetok on 11 August. One of her holds was consigned to fleet freight, and the remaining cargo space was utilized for drum storage. On 24 September, after the vessel had taken on some 4,500 long tons (4,600 t) of cargo, her Number 2 hold began leaking, and further loading operations were cancelled. The leaks were temporarily stopped, and the ship continued to receive and discharge fleet freight and drum lubricating oil until 30 November.[3]

On 1 December, Triana got underway for Guam to unload 8,896 drums of lubricating oil. She arrived at Apra Harbor on 5 December, and departed for the United States on 24 December 1945. The cargo ship arrived at San Francisco, California, on 15 January 1946, to prepare for inactivation. Triana was decommissioned and returned to the War Shipping Administration on 21 February 1946 and struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 12 March 1946.[3]

Fate[edit]

She was placed in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay Group. In an 17 October 1951, Fleet Report it was recommended that she be scrapped because of the torpedo damage she had incurred during the war, it was estimated that it would cost less than $100,000 to repair her. She was purchased by the Lerner Company, on 12 September 1958, for $73,640. She was physically removed from the Reserve Fleet on 1 October 1958.[4]

Notes[edit]

Citations

Bibliography[edit]

Online resources


External links[edit]

  • Photo gallery of USS Triana (IX-223) at NavSource Naval History