US Indoor Championships

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The US Indoors, known formally as the U.S. Indoor Championships, was a national tennis championship for women that was sanctioned by the United States Tennis Association and held 79 times from 1907 through 2001 at various locations and on various surfaces. The event was affiliated with the WTA Tour from 1971 through 2001 (excluding 1977).

Marie Wagner won more singles titles (6) and Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman won more doubles titles (10) at this tournament than any other woman. Lois Felix holds the record for runners-up in singles (4) while Wightman and Norma Taubele Barber hold the record for runners-up in doubles (5).

Locations[edit]

Results[edit]

Molla Bjurstedt at the 1915 National Indoor Tennis Tournament at the Seventh Regiment Armory, New York City.

Singles[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1907 United States Elisabeth Moore United States Marie Wagner 1/2 6–2, 4–6, 6–2
1908 United States Marie Wagner 1/6 United Kingdom Nora Meyer Schmitz 1/3 6–3, 6–2
1909 United States Marie Wagner 2/6 United States Elisabeth Moore 6–0, 12–14, 6–0
1910 United Kingdom Nora Meyer Schmitz United States Erna Marcus 3–6, 8–6, 6–3
1911 United States Marie Wagner 3/6 United Kingdom Nora Meyer Schmitz 2/3 6–4, 7–9, 6–4
1912 Not held
1913 United States Marie Wagner 4/6 United States Alice Day Beard 1/2 6–1, 6–1
1914 United States Marie Wagner 5/6 United States Alice Day Beard 2/2 6–1, 2–6, 6–2
1915 Norway Molla Bjurstedt 1/5 United States Marie Wagner 2/2 6–4, 6–4
1916 Norway Molla Bjurstedt2/5 United Kingdom Nora Meyer Schmitz 3/3 6–2, 6–1
1917 United States Marie Wagner 6/6 United States Eleanor Goss 1/2 6–3, 6–1
1918 Norway Molla Bjurstedt 3/5 United States Eleanor Goss 2/2 3–6, 6–1, 6–4
1919 United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 1/2 United States Marion Zinderstein 1/3 2–6, 6–1, 6–4
1920 United States Helen Pollak Falk United States Edith Sigourney 8–6, 6–2
1921 United States Molla Mallory 4/5 United States Ann Sheafe Cole 6–0, 6–2
1922 United States Molla Mallory 5/5 United States Leslie Bancroft Aeschlimann 1/2 7–5, 6–1
1923 United States Ann Sheafe Cole United States Leslie Bancroft Aeschlimann 2/2 8–6, 6–2
1924 United States Marion Zinderstein Jessup 1/2 United States Lillian Scharman Hester 6–2, 6–3
1925 United States Marion Zinderstein Jessup 2/2 United States Anna Fuller Hubbard 1/3 6–3, 7–5
1926 United States Elizabeth Ryan United States Marion Zinderstein Jessup 2/3 1–6, 6–2, 6–3
1927 United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 2/2 United States Margaret Blake 6–0, 2–6, 6–3
1928 United States Edith Sigourney United States Anna Fuller Hubbard 2/3 4–6, 6–3, 6–1
1929 United States Margaret Blake United States Anna Fuller Hubbard 3/3 6–3, 6–3
1930 United States Mianne Palfrey Hill United States Marion Zinderstein Jessup 3/3 7–5, 6–2
1931 United States Marjorie Sachs Pickhardt Wilson United States Sarah Palfrey Cooke 6–3, 9–7
1932 United States Marjorie Morrill United States Marjorie Sachs Pickhardt Wilson 3–6, 6–2, 6–2
1933 United States Dorrance Chase Deston United States Helen Germaine 6–3, 6–2
1934 United States Norma Taubele Barber United States Helen Pedersen Rihbany 1/3 6–4, 6–1
1935 United States Jane Sharp United States Helen Pedersen Rihbany 2/3 11–9, 6–1
1936 United States Marjorie Gladman Van Ryn United States Norma Taubele Barber 6–4, 6–3
1937 France Sylvie Jung Henrotin United States Millicent Hirsch Lang 10–8, 0–6, 6–2
1938 United States Virginia Hollinger United States Katherine Winthrop McKean 1/3 6–1, 2–6, 6–3
1939 United States Pauline Betz 1/4 United States Helen Bernhard 7–5, 4–6, 6–1
1940 United States Sarah Palfrey Cooke United States Pauline Betz 6–4, 1–6, 7–5
1941 United States Pauline Betz 2/4 United States Dorothy Bundy Cheney 6–1, 10–12, 6–2
1942 United States Patricia Canning Todd 1/2 United States Hope Knowles Rawls 8–6, 1–6, 6–2
1943 United States Pauline Betz 3/4 United States Katherine Winthrop McKean 2/3 6–4, 6–1
1944 United States Katherine Winthrop McKean United States Helen Pedersen Rihbany 3/3 6–0, 7–5
1945 United States Helen Pedersen Rihbany 1/2 United States Katherine Winthrop McKean 3/3 4–6, 6–2, 6–3
1946 United States Helen Pedersen Rihbany 2/2 United States Katharine Hubbell 1/2 7–5, 6–4
1947 United States Pauline Betz 4/4 United States Doris Hart 1/2 6–2, 7–5
1948 United States Patricia Canning Todd 2/2 United States Doris Hart 2/2 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
1949 United States Gussie Moran United States Nancy Chaffee 6–2, 6–3
1950 United States Nancy Chaffee 1/3 United States Althea Gibson 6–0, 6–2
1951 United States Nancy Chaffee Kiner 2/3 United States Beverly Baker Fleitz 6–4, 6–4
1952 United States Nancy Chaffee Kiner 3/3 United States Patricia Canning Todd 6–1, 6–0
1953 Australia Thelma Coyne Long United States Barbara Scofield Davidson 5–7, 6–0, 9–7
1954 United States Dorothy Watman Levine 1/2 United States Lois Felix 1/4 6–1, 6–1
1955 United States Katharine Hubbell United States Mildred Thornton 8–6, 9–7
1956 United States Lois Felix 1/2 United States June Stack 9–7, 9–7
1957 United States Dorothy Watman Levine 2/2 United States Lois Felix 2/4 6–1, 6–1
1958 United States Nancy O'Connell United States Bonnie Mencher 6–8, 6–3, 6–1
1959 United States Lois Felix 2/2 United States Carole Wright 1/2 6–2, 8–6
1960 United States Carole Wright 1/2 United States Lois Felix 3/4 6–1, 6–2
1961 United States Janet Hopps United States Katharine Hubbell 2/2 6–0, 7–5
1962 United States Carole Wright 2/2 United States Lois Felix 4/4 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
1963 United States Carol Hanks Aucamp United States Mary-Ann Eisel 1/2 6–2, 6–2
1964 United States Mary-Ann Eisel 1/3 United States Carole Wright 2/2 6–3, 6–4
1965 United States Nancy Richey United States Carol Hanks Aucamp 6–3, 6–2
1966 United States Billie Jean King 1/5 United States Mary-Ann Eisel 2/2 6–0, 6–2
1967 United States Billie Jean King 2/5 Netherlands Trudy Groenman 6–1, 6–0
1968 United States Billie Jean King 3/5 United States Rosemary Casals 1/2 6–3, 9–7
1969 United States Mary-Ann Eisel 2/3 United States Stephanie DeFina 6–3, 4–6, 6–2
1970 United States Mary-Ann Eisel Curtis 3/3 United States Patti Hogan 0–6, 6–3, 6–4
1971 United States Billie Jean King 4/5 United States Rosemary Casals 2/2 3–6, 6–1, 6–2
1972 Not held
1973 Australia Evonne Goolagong 1/2 United Kingdom Virginia Wade 1/2 6–4, 6–4
1974 United States Billie Jean King 5/5 United States Chris Evert 1/2 6–3, 3–6, 6–2
1975 Czechoslovakia Martina Navratilova 1/4 Australia Evonne Goolagong 6–2, 4-6, 6-3
1976 United Kingdom Virginia Wade Netherlands Betty Stöve 5–7, 7–5, 7–5
1977 Not held
1978 United States Chris Evert United Kingdom Virginia Wade 2/2 6–7, 6–2, 6–4
1979 Australia Evonne Goolagong Cawley 2/2 Australia Dianne Fromholtz 1/2 6–3, 6–4
1980 United States Tracy Austin Australia Dianne Fromholtz 2/2 6–1, 2–6, 6–2
1981 United States Martina Navratilova 2/4 United States Tracy Austin 6–0, 6–2
1982 United States Barbara Potter United States Pam Shriver 6–4, 6–2
1983 United States Kim Shaefer West Germany Sylvia Hanika 6–4, 6–3
1984 United States Martina Navratilova 3/4 United States Chris Evert 2/2 6–2, 7–6(7–4)
1985 Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková Sweden Catarina Lindqvist 6–3, 7–5
1986 United States Martina Navratilova 4/4 Czechoslovakia Helena Suková 3–6, 6–0, 7–6(7–5)
1987 Czechoslovakia Helena Suková United States Lori McNeil 6–0, 6–3
1988–2000 Not held
2001 United States Monica Seles United States Jennifer Capriati 6–3, 5–7, 6–2

Doubles[edit]

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1908 Helen Pouch
United States Elisabeth Moore 1/2
Mrs. A.H. McCarty
M. Johnson
13–11, 6–3
1909 United States Erna Marcus
United States Elisabeth Moore 2/2
United States Marie Wagner
United States Louise Hammond Raymond
3–6, 6–4, 12–10
1910 United States Marie Wagner 1/4
United States Clara Kutroff Cassebeer 1/2
United States Erna Marcus 1/2
United States Elisabeth Moore
6–2, 5–7, 6–3
1911 Elizabeth Bunce
United States Barbara Fleming
United Kingdom Nora Meyer Schmitz 1/3
Erna Marcus 2/2
6–4, 8–6
1912 Not held
1913 United States Marie Wagner 2/4
United States Clara Kutroff Cassebeer 2/2
May Fish
Alice Fish
10–8, 6–2
1914 Emily Stokes Weaver 1/3
United States Clare Cassel
United Kingdom Nora Meyer Schmitz 2/3
United States Helen Homans McLean
4–6, 6–2, 6–4
1915 Emily Stokes Weaver 2/3
United States Helen Homans McLean
Norway Molla Bjurstedt 1/3
United States Florence Ballin
3–6, 8–6, 6–2
1916 United States Marie Wagner 3/4
Norway Molla Bjurstedt
United Kingdom Nora Meyer Schmitz 3/3
Emily Stokes Weaver
6–2, 6–3
1917 United States Marie Wagner 4/4
United States Margaret Taylor
United States Mrs. John Anderson
United States Edith Howe
6–4, 6–4
1918 Emily Stokes Weaver 3/3
United States Eleanor Goss Lanning
Mrs. Homer Stuart Green
United States Caroma Winn 1/2
6–3, 11–9
1919 United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 1/10
United States Marion Zinderstein Jessup 1/5
United States Mrs. Albert Humphreys
United States Bessie Holden
6–1, 6–1
1920 United States Mrs. Louis G. Morris
United States Helene Pollak Falk
United States Gertrude Della Torre
United States Caroma Winn 2/2
6–3, 6–4
1921 United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 2/10
United States Marion Zinderstein Jessup 2/5
United States Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 2/3
United States Mrs. Louis G. Morris 1/3
6–2, 7–5
1922 United States Mrs. Frank Godfrey 1/2
United States Marion Zinderstein Jessup 3/5
United States Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 3/3
United States Mrs. Louis G. Morris 2/3
6–4, 6–3
1923 United States Mrs. Frank Godfrey 2/2
United States Ann Sheafe Cole
United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 1/5
United States Leslie Bancroft
6–4, 6–2
1924 United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 3/10
United States Marion Zinderstein Jessup 4/5
United States Lilian Scharman Hester 1/2
United States Mrs. Louis G. Morris 3/3
6–1, 6–1
1925 United States Mrs. Ellis Endicott
United States Betty Corbiere
United States Katherine Gardner
United States Martha Bayard
8–6, 6–4
1926 United States Elizabeth Ryan
United States Mary Browne
United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 2/5
United States Marion Zinderstein Jessup
6–1, 6–3
1927 United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 4/10
United States Marion Zinderstein Jessup 5/5
United States Margaret Blake 1/3
United States Edith Sigourney 1/3
8–6, 1–6, 6–3
1928 United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 5/10
United States Sarah Palfrey 1/5
United States Mrs. J.L. Bremer
United States Ruth Shedden
6–2, 6–0
1929 United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 6/10
United States Sarah Palfrey 2/5
United States Margaret Blake 2/3
United States Anna Fuller Hubbard 1/2
6–2, 6–2
1930 United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 7/10
United States Sarah Palfrey 3/5
United States Edith Sigourney 2/3
United States Marjorie Morrill
6–3, 6–2
1931 United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 8/10
United States Sarah Palfrey 4/5
United States Margaret Blake 3/3
United States Anna Fuller Hubbard 2/2
9–7, 6–0
1932 United States Marjorie Morrill Painter Whiting
United States Marjorie Gladman Van Ryn
United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 3/5
United States Sarah Palfrey
6–3, 6–0
1933 United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 9/10
United States Sarah Palfrey 5/5
United States Mianne Palfrey Hill
United States Virginia Rice Johnson
6–0, 6–3
1934 United States Norma Taubele Barber 1/3
United States Jane Sharp
United States Anna Fuller Hubbard Brunie
United States Lilian Scharman Hester 2/2
6–3, 6–2
1935 United States Dorothy Andrus 1/3
France Sylvie Jung Henrotin 1/3
United States Norma Taubele Barber 1/5
United States Jane Sharp
7–5, 6–4
1936 United States Dorothy Andrus 2/3
France Sylvie Jung Henrotin 2/3
United States Norma Taubele Barber 2/5
United States Florence Leboutillier 1/2
6–4, 9–7
1937 United States Dorothy Andrus 3/3
France Sylvie Jung Henrotin 3/3
United States Norma Taubele Barber 3/5
United States Florence Leboutillier 2/2
6–4, 7–5
1938 United States Virginia Rice Johnson 1/4
United States Katherine Winthrop McKean 1/4
United States Norma Taubele Barber 4/5
United States Grace Surber
4–6, 6–4, 6–4
1939 United States Norma Taubele Barber 2/3
United States Grace Surber
United States Jean Wright
United States Josephine Sanfilippo
6–1, 6–2
1940 United States Norma Taubele Barber 3/3
United States Gracyn Wheeler
United States Louise Raymond Ganzenmuller 1/2
United States Patricia Cumming Stuhler
7–5, 6–4
1941 United States Pauline Betz 1/2
United States Dorothy Bundy Cheney
United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 4/5
United States Katherine Winthrop McKean 1/2
6–4, 6–3
1942 United States Virginia Rice Johnson 2/4
United States Katherine Winthrop McKean 2/4
United States Mrs. Philip Theopold
United States Virginia Ellis
6–2, 6–0
1943 United States Pauline Betz 2/2
United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 10/10
United States Judy Atterbury
United States Lillian Lopaus
7–5, 6–1
1944 United States Virginia Rice Johnson 3/4
United States Katherine Winthrop McKean 3/4
United States Norma Taubele Barber 5/5
United States Mary Jane Donnalley
3–6, 8–6, 6–0
1945 United States Virginia Rice Johnson 4/4
United States Katherine Winthrop McKean 4/4
United States Helen Pedersen Rihbany 1/4
United States Betty Grimes Stokum
6–4, 7–5
1946 Ruth Carter
United States Helen Pedersen Rihbany
United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 5/5
United States Edith Sigourney 3/3
unknown
1947 United States Doris Hart 1/2
United States Barbara Scofield Davidson 1/3
United States Helen Pedersen Rihbany 2/4
United States Katherine Winthrop McKean 2/2
6–1, 6–1
1948 United States Doris Hart 2/2
United States Barbara Scofield Davidson 2/3
United States Patricia Canning Todd
United States Helen Pedersen Rihbany 3/4
9–7, 6–4
1949 United States Gussie Moran
United States Marjorie Buck 1/4
United States Nancy Chaffee
United States Barbara Wilkins
6–4, 7–5
1950 United States Nancy Chaffee 1/3
United States Marjorie Buck 2/4
United States Helen Pedersen Rihbany 4/4
United States Betty Rosenquest 1/2
6–0, 6–1
1951 United States Nancy Chaffee 2/3
United States Marjorie Buck 3/4
United States Betty Rosenquest 2/2
United States Barbara Scofield Davidson
6–4, 6–2
1952 United States Nancy Chaffee Kiner 3/3
United States Patricia Canning Todd
United Kingdom Helen Fletcher Barker
United Kingdom Patricia Ward Hales
6–4, 6–4
1953 Australia Thelma Coyne Long
United States Barbara Scofield Davidson 3/3
United States Betty Coumbe
United States Joan Piken
6–0, 6–1
1954 United States Dorothy Watman Levine 1/2
United States Barbara Ward
United States Lois Felix 1/3
United States Katharine Hubbell 1/4
6–2, 6–0
1955 United States Katharine Hubbell 1/5
United States Ruth Jeffery Ryder 1/3
United States Millicent Hirsch Lang
United States Louise Raymond Ganzenmuller 2/2
6–2, 4–6, 6–4
1956 United States Katharine Hubbell 2/5
United States Lois Felix 1/2
United States Ruth Jeffery Ryder 1/2
United States Marjorie Buck 1/2
3–6, 6–1, 6–3
1957 United States Dorothy Watman Levine 2/2
United States Nancy O'Connell 1/2
United States Katharine Hubbell 2/4
United States Lois Felix 2/3
6–3, 6–4
1958 United States Carol Hanks Aucamp 1/4
United States Nancy O'Connell 2/2
United States Mildred Thornton
United States Katharine Hubbell 3/4
9–7, 4–6, 6–4
1959 United States Katharine Hubbell 3/5
United States Lois Felix 2/2
United States Mrs. Arklay Richards
United States Mrs. Pepper Frey
6–2, 6–2
1960 United States Marjorie Buck 4/4
United States Ruth Jeffery Ryder 2/3
United States Katharine Hubbell 4/4
United States Lois Felix 3/3
9–7, 4–6, 6–2
1961 United States Katharine Hubbell 4/5
United States Janet Hopps Adkisson
United States Marjorie Buck 2/2
United States Ruth Jeffery Ryder 2/2
4–6, 6–1, 7–5
1962 United States Belmar Gunderson
United States Ruth Jeffery Ryder 3/3
United States Carole Wright 1/2
United States Mary Louise Christian
6–8, 6–4, 6–2
1963 United States Mary-Ann Eisel 1/5
United States Carol Hanks Aucamp 2/4
United States Carole Wright 2/2
United States Lena Greene
6–2, 6–2
1964 United States Mary Ann Eisel 2/5
United States Katharine Hubbell 5/5
United States Belmar Gunderson
United States Betty Swanson
6–3, 6–3
1965 United States Mary Ann Eisel 3/5
United States Carol Hanks Aucamp 3/4
United States Karen Hantze Susman
United States Nancy Richey
9–7, 4–6, 6–2
1966 United States Billie Jean King 1/6
United States Rosemary Casals 1/6
United States Carol Hanks Aucamp
United States Justina Bricka Horwitz
3–6, 6–4, 6–2
1967 United States Mary Ann Eisel 4/5
United States Carol Hanks Aucamp 4/4
United States Billie Jean King
United States Judy Dixon
6–4, 1–6, 6–2
1968 United States Billie Jean King 2/6
United States Rosemary Casals 2/6
United States Mary Ann Eisel 1/2
United States Kathy Harter
6–2, 6–2
1969 United States Mary Ann Eisel 5/5
United States Valerie Ziegenfuss
United States Patti Hogan
United States Peggy Michel
6–1, 6–3
1970 United States Jane Bartkowicz
United States Nancy Richey
United States Mary Ann Eisel Curtis 2/2
United States Valerie Ziegenfuss
8–6, 6–4
1971 United States Billie Jean King 3/6
United States Rosemary Casals 3/6
France Françoise Dürr
United Kingdom Ann Haydon-Jones
6–3, 7–5
1972 Not held
1973 Soviet Union Marina Kroschina
Soviet Union Olga Morozova
Australia Evonne Goolagong Cawley
Australia Janet Young-Langford
6–2, 6–4
1974 Not held
1975 United States Billie Jean King 4/6
United States Rosemary Casals 4/6
Czechoslovakia Martina Navratilova
United States Chris Evert
6–3, 6–4
1976 United States Rosemary Casals 5/6
France Françoise Dürr
Netherlands Betty Stöve 1/2
United Kingdom Virginia Wade
6–0, 6–4
1977 Not held
1978 Australia Kerry Melville Reid
Australia Wendy Turnbull 1/2
South Africa Ilana Kloss
Australia Lesley Hunt
6–3, 6–3
1979 United States Billie Jean King 5/6
Czechoslovakia Martina Navratilova 1/4
Netherlands Betty Stöve 2/2
Australia Wendy Turnbull 1/2
6–4, 7–6
1980 United States Ann Kiyomura
United States Candy Reynolds
United States Anne Smith
United States Paula Smith
6–3, 4–6, 6–1
1981 United States Martina Navratilova 2/4
United States Pam Shriver 1/3
United States Rosemary Casals
Australia Wendy Turnbull 2/2
6–4, 7–5
1982 United States Rosemary Casals 6/6
Australia Wendy Turnbull 2/2
United States Barbara Potter 1/2
United States Sharon Walsh
3–6, 7–6, 6–4
1983 United States Billie Jean King 6/6
United States Sharon Walsh
United States Kathy Jordan
United States Barbara Potter 2/2
3–6, 6–3, 6–4
1984 United States Martina Navratilova 3/4
United States Pam Shriver 2/3
United Kingdom Jo Durie
United States Ann Kiyomura
6–4, 6–3
1985 United States Martina Navratilova 4/4
United States Pam Shriver 3/3
Netherlands Marcella Mesker
Australia Elizabeth Smylie 1/2
7–5, 6–2
1986 United States Kathy Jordan
Australia Elizabeth Smylie
Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
6–3, 7–5
1987 United States Gigi Fernández
United States Lori McNeil 1/2
United States Betsy Nagelsen
Australia Elizabeth Smylie 2/2
6–1, 6–4
1988–2000 Not held
2001 South Africa Amanda Coetzer
United States Lori McNeil 2/2
Chinese Taipei Janet Lei
Indonesia Wynne Prakusya
6–3, 2–6, 6–0

See also[edit]

References[edit]