|Full name||Union Sportive Montalbanaise|
|Union||Fédération Française de Rugby|
|Ground(s)||Stade Sapiac (Capacity: 11,500)|
US Montauban (Occitan: Union Esportiva Montalban) is a French rugby union club that currently competes in Rugby Pro D2, the second level of the country's professional league system. They have also competed at the top level, Top 14, in the past, most recently between 2007 and 2010. The club is based in Montauban in the département of Tarn-et-Garonne in Occitania.
In April 2010, it was announced the club would be relegated from the Top 14 to the Rugby Pro D2 at the end of the 2009/2010 season after breaking budget rules for the league. Although the club appealed the ruling it started to release players to reduce its budget. The club was not in the relegation zone at the time, thereby saving CS Bourgoin-Jallieu, Aviron Bayonnais and Montpellier Hérault RC a nervous run in as they were in the relegation battle with Montauban. On the 26 April 2010, the club filed for bankruptcy at a commercial court following a meeting of the club's board of directors.
On 24 May 2014, it was announced that they had won promotion back to Pro D2 for the 2014–15 season as a result of winning the Fédérale 1 semi-final 35 – 12 against Lille Métropole Rugby. They went on to win the Fédérale 1 title, defeating Massy 18–14 in the final 
The club was established in 1903. The club made its first championship appearance in the 1967 season, when it captured its first championship title, defeating CA Bègles 11 points to 3 in Bordeaux. It gained promotion from Pro D2 for the 2006-07 season.
In its first match of the 2006-07 season, Montauban defeated Narbonne 41-20, gaining five points (including a bonus point) to go to second in the table after round one. The team continued in surprisingly strong form for a newly promoted team, notably handing early runaway league leaders Stade Français their first defeat of the season, 15-9, in Round 10 on 6 October. Montauban ended the season in seventh place, a respectable position for a newly promoted team. The 2007-08 season saw it consolidate its Top 14 position, again finishing seventh. Because Toulouse advanced to the final of the that year's Heineken Cup, which was farther than any team from England or Italy, Montauban was given a place in the 2008-09 Heineken Cup, pooled with champions Munster.
The current table for the 2016–17 Rugby Pro D2 is:
Pos = Position, Pl = Played, W = Won, D = Drawn, L = Lost, PF = Points For, PA = Points Against, PD = Points Difference, TB = Try Bonus Points, LB = Losing Bonus Points, Pts = Points Total
Green background denotes the champions, who are automatically promoted to Top 14.
Blue background denotes teams that qualify for the promotion play-offs.
Red background relegation to Fédérale 1.
When two teams have the same points total, position is determined by head-to-head results before points difference.
Bourgoin had 8 points deducted for financial irregularities.
The Montauban squad for the 2016–17 Pro D2 season is:
Note: Flags indicate national union as has been defined under WR eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-WR nationality.
- French championship:
- Champions: 1967
- Rugby Pro D2:
- Champions: 2001, 2006
- Fédérale 1
- Champions (Trophée Jean-Prat): 2014
- Challenge de l'Espérance:
- Champions: 1967
- Challenge Antoine Béguère:
- Champions: 1971
- Challenge Armand Vaquerin:
- Champions: 2005
- Runners-up: 2004
|28 May 1967||US Montauban||CA Bègles||11-3||Parc Lescure, Bordeaux||32,115|
|7 June 2014||US Montauban||RC Massy||18-14||Stade Jean-Antoine Moueix, Libourne||4,500|
- "Demi-finale Fédérale 1 - Massy et Montauban retrouvent la Pro D2" (in French). Midi Olympique. 24 May 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- "Rugby: Montauban champion de France de Fédérale 1". L'Équipe (in French). 7 June 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
- "Classement PRO D2". Ligue Nationale de Rugby (in French). Retrieved 13 February 2017.
- "PROD2, Bourgoin - Retrait de 8 points". Ligue Nationale de Rugby (Press release) (in French). 28 December 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- "USM Sapiac - Les Joueurs". US Montauban (in French). Archived from the original on 7 October 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- "Vleis soek groener weivelde in Frankryk". Netwerk24 (in Afrikaans). 7 October 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- USM Rugby - 100 photos pour un centenaire, 2003
- (French) Official site