US Open Series
The US Open Series is the seven-week summer tennis season linking twelve ATP World Tour and WTA Tour tournaments together. The Series leads to the US Open. It is often referred to as the U.S. or North American hard court season. From 2012 until 2018, the series will be sponsored by Emirates.
It was organized in 2004 as a way to focus more attention on American tennis tournaments by getting more of them on domestic television. Until 2004, most summer North American tournaments were not on television, the exceptions being the highly televised ATP World Tour Masters 1000 events in Canada and Cincinnati.
The eight non-Masters tournaments now enjoy about 50 hours of television combined—about two hours on each day of their final weekends, chiefly on ESPN2, which is where ESPN shows its tennis programming. Players earn points according to their results in the events; more points are awarded at ATP World Tour Masters 1000 and WTA Premier 5 events. The three male and three female players with the highest point totals each earn a bonus at the US Open. The amount depends on their US Open Series placement and US Open result. If both are won then the bonus is $1 million as of 2010. Lleyton Hewitt and Lindsay Davenport were the top point-getters in 2004, Andy Roddick and Kim Clijsters won in 2005, and Andy Roddick and Ana Ivanovic won in 2006. Defending US Open champions Roger Federer and Maria Sharapova won in 2007.
In 2005, whereas Roddick was upset in the first round against Gilles Müller at the Open, Clijsters became the first player to win both the US Open Series and the US Open, receiving $2.2 million, at the time the largest payday in women's sports. Clijsters defeated Frenchwoman Mary Pierce in straight sets: 6–3, 6–1. In 2010 she won $2.2 million again, this time $1.7 million for the US Open title and $500,000 in bonus for second place in the US Open Series.
In 2007, Federer became the first male player and the second player overall to win the US Open Series and go on to win the US Open, winning $1.4 million plus the US Open Series bonus of $1 million, bringing his prize winning total to $2.4 million. This topped Clijsters' $2.2 million as the biggest US Open payday to date.
In 2013, Serena Williams and Rafael Nadal both won the US Open after also winning the US Open Series. Due to several considerable prize money increments over the years, Serena Williams and Rafael Nadal surpassed Roger Federer's prize money record by winning $3.6 million each, and they shared the record for the largest prize money paycheck in tennis history for a single tennis tournament. 
In 2014, Serena Williams would repeat her previous year performance in winning both the US Open Series and the US Open. She now stands alone in the record for the biggest payout for a single tournament in tennis history, with a total amount of $4 million.
|Grand Slam Event|
|ATP Masters 1000 and WTA Premier 5|
|ATP World Tour 500 & 250 and WTA Premier|
In 2016, the US Open Series comprises the following tournaments:
|Week||Men's Events||Women's Events|
Bank of the West Classic
BB&T Atlanta Open
Western & Southern Open
Points distribution (2008–present)
|Round||ATP Masters 1000/WTA Premier 5||ATP World Tour 500 & 250/WTA Premier|
|Round of 16||15||0|
Past tournament winners
|Year||Los Angeles||Indianapolis/Atlanta||Washington||Montreal/Toronto||Cincinnati||New Haven/Winston-Salem|
|2004||Haas (1/2)||Roddick (1/5)||Hewitt (1/1)||Federer (1/9)||Agassi (1/2)||Not held|
|2005||Agassi (2/2)||Ginepri (1/2)||Roddick (2/5)||Nadal (1/4)||Federer (2/9)||Blake (1/3)|
|2006||Haas (2/2)||Blake (2/3)||Clément (1/1)||Federer (3/9)||Roddick (3/5)||Davydenko (1/1)|
|2007||Štěpánek (1/2)||Tursunov (1/1)||Roddick (4/5)||Djokovic (1/4)||Federer (4/9)||Blake (3/3)|
|2008||Del Potro (1/4)||Simon (1/1)||Del Potro (2/4)||Nadal (2/4)||Murray (1/5)||Čilić (1/2)|
|2009||Querrey (1/3)||Ginepri (2/2)||Del Potro (3/4)||Murray (2/5)||Federer (5/9)||Verdasco (1/1)|
|2010||Querrey (2/3)||Fish (1/2)||Nalbandian (1/1)||Murray (3/5)||Federer (6/9)||Stakhovsky (1/1)|
|2011||Gulbis (1/1)||Fish (2/2)||Štěpánek (2/2)||Djokovic (2/4)||Murray (4/5)||Isner (1/5)|
|2012||Querrey (3/3)||Roddick (5/5)||Dolgopolov (1/1)||Djokovic (3/4)||Federer (7/9)||Isner (2/5)|
|2013||Not held||Isner (3/5)||Del Potro (4/4)||Nadal (3/4)||Nadal (4/4)||Melzer (1/1)|
|2014||Isner (4/5)||Raonic (1/1)||Tsonga (1/1)||Federer (8/9)||Rosol (1/1)|
|2015||Isner (5/5)||Not US Open Series||Murray (5/5)||Federer (9/9)||Anderson (1/1)|
|2016||Kyrgios (1/1)||Djokovic (4/4)||Čilić (2/2)|
|Year||Stanford||San Diego/Carlsbad||Los Angeles/Washington||Cincinnati||Montreal/Toronto||New Haven|
|2004||Davenport (1/4)||Davenport (2/4)||Davenport (3/4)||Not US Open Series||Mauresmo (1/1)||Bovina (1/1)|
|2005||Clijsters (1/5)||Pierce (1/1)||Clijsters (2/5)||Clijsters (3/5)||Davenport (4/4)|
|2006||Clijsters (4/5)||Sharapova (1/3)||Dementieva (1/2)||Ivanovic (1/2)||Henin (1/2)|
|2007||Chakvetadze (1/1)||Sharapova (2/3)||Ivanovic (2/2)||Henin (2/2)||Kuznetsova (1/2)|
|2008||Wozniak (1/1)||Not held||Safina (1/2)||Safina (2/2)||Wozniacki (1/5)|
|2009||Bartoli (1/1)||Pennetta (1/1)||Janković (1/1)||Dementieva (2/2)||Wozniacki (2/5)|
|2010||Azarenka (1/2)||Kuznetsova (2/2)||Not held||Clijsters (5/5)||Wozniacki (3/5)||Wozniacki (4/5)|
|2011||S. Williams (1/7)||Radwańska (1/3)||Sharapova (3/3)||S. Williams (2/7)||Wozniacki (5/5)|
|2012||S. Williams (3/7)||Cibulková (1/2)||Rybáriková (1/1)||Li (1/1)||Kvitová (1/4)||Kvitová (2/4)|
|2013||Cibulková (2/2)||Stosur (1/1)||Not US Open Series||Azarenka (2/2)||S. Williams (4/7)||Halep (1/2)|
|2014||S. Williams (5/7)||Not held||S. Williams (6/7)||Radwańska (2/3)||Kvitová (3/4)|
|2015||Kerber (1/1)||Not US Open Series||S. Williams (7/7)||Bencic (1/1)||Kvitová (4/4)|
|2016||Konta (1/1)||Not held||Plíšková (1/1)||Halep (2/2)||Radwańska (3/3)|
Past standings and their performance at the US Open
Note: Only players with points in two US Open Series events are eligible for the final (Top 3) standings.
|US Open results|
|A||did not participate in the tournament||#R||lost in the early rounds of the tournament|
|QF||advanced to but not past the quarterfinals||SF||advanced to but not past the semifinals|
|F||advanced to the finals, tournament runner-up||W||won the tournament|
- 1 – Hewitt and Davenport finished first in 2004 final standings based on more match wins in US Open Series events.
- 2 – Nadal finished third in 2005 (over Roger Federer) based on more set wins in US Open Series events.
- 3 – Schnyder was placed third in 2007 because Justine Henin (who had more points – 100 for winning Toronto) only played one tournament and was therefore not eligible for the top three positions.
- 4 – Nadal won the 2008 series ahead of Murray because Nadal defeated Murray in Toronto, Canada.
- 5 – Pennetta finished second in the 2009 final standings based on more match wins in US Open Series events.
- 6 – Murray won the 2010 series ahead of Federer because Murray defeated Federer in Toronto.
- 7 – Kuznetsova finished third in 2010 (over Victoria Azarenka and Maria Sharapova) based on more games won in US Open Series events (all three won 9 matches and 19 sets).
- 8 – Radwańska finished second in the 2011 final standings based on more match wins in US Open Series events.
- 9 - Players who had their point totals doubled due to having obtained points in at least three different events, based on a rule enforced from 2014 on.
- Players who won both the US Open Series and the US Open in the same year, receiving $1 million bonus prize money
- Men: Roger Federer (2007) & Rafael Nadal (2013).
- Women: Serena Williams (2013, 2014) & Kim Clijsters (2005*).
- * - Clijsters received the Champion's prize money, $1.1M, plus a bonus equaling the prize money, $1.1M, for a total of $2.2M.
- Most points won
- With doubling bonus for three countable tournaments (since 2014):
- Men: Milos Raonic, 280 points in 2014.
- Women: Serena Williams, 430 points in 2014.
- Without doubling bonus for three countable tournaments (until 2013):
- Men: Mardy Fish, 230 points in 2011.
- Women: Kim Clijsters, 225 points in 2005.
- Most US Open Series overall victories
- Men: Andy Roddick, 2 (2005, 2006) & Rafael Nadal, 2 (2008, 2013) & Andy Murray 2 (2010, 2015).
- Women: Serena Williams, 3 (2011, 2013, 2014).
- Most US Open Series Top-3 finishes
- Men: Andy Murray, 5 (2006–3, 2008–2, 2009–2, 2010–1, 2015–1) & John Isner, 5 (2011–3, 2012–2, 2013–2, 2014–2, 2015–3).
- Women: Serena Williams, 4 (2011–1, 2013–1, 2014–1, 2015–2).
- Most US Open Series tournament victories
- Men: Roger Federer, 9
- Women: Serena Williams, 7
- Biggest payout in professional tennis history
- Men: Novak Djokovic (2015) – $3.8 million
- Women: Serena Williams (2014) – $4 million
- Most successful nation in the US Open Series
- Overall: USA, 33 tournament victories (Men: 22 & Women: 11).
- Men: USA, 22 tournament victories.
- Women: Russia & USA, 11 tournament victories.
- Clarke, Liz (April 20, 2004). "USTA Moves to Promote Tennis; U.S. Open Series Aims To Please Players, Fans". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
- "Bonus Challenge". US Open Series. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
- Kreda, Allan (September 10, 2005). "Clijsters Wins U.S. Open; Federer, Agassi Make Final". Bloomberg. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
- "Clijsters Wins Second Consecutive U.S. Open Title". Long Island Tennis Magazine. September 13, 2010. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
- "Federer tames Djokovic to clinch US Open crown". ABC News. September 10, 2007. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
- "Bonus Challenge – Emirates Airline US Open Series". Emirates Airline US Open Series.
- "US Open 2013: Taxman cometh for champions". ZeeNews India. September 10, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- "Serena sweeps aside Wozniacki for third straight US Open". US Open Official Site - A USTA Event.
- Emirates US Open Series Tournaments