Ubay, Bohol

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Ubay
Municipality
Downtown Ubay
Downtown Ubay
Official seal of Ubay
Seal
Motto: Onward Ubay
Map of Bohol with Ubay highlighted
Map of Bohol with Ubay highlighted
Map of Ubay showing barangays and islands
Map of Ubay showing barangays and islands
Ubay is located in Philippines
Ubay
Ubay
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°03′N 124°28′E / 10.05°N 124.47°E / 10.05; 124.47
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Bohol
District 2nd District of Bohol
Founded
Established
15 January 1844
5 October 1877
Barangay
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Constantino Reyes (NPC)
 • Vice mayor Nelson Uy
 • Town Council
 • Representative Erico Aristotle Aumentado
Area[2]
 • Total 335.06 km2 (129.37 sq mi)
 • Land 240.17 km2 (92.73 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 73,712
 • Density 220/km2 (570/sq mi)
 • Voter(2016)[4] 41,792
Demonym(s) Ubayanon
Ubayano
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6315
IDD:area code +63 (0)38
Income class 1st class
PSGC 071246000
Patron Saint Child Jesus

Ubay is a 1st municipal income class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines.[2] Ubay is in the northeast of the province, and has an area of 335 square kilometres (129 sq mi), with 61 kilometres (38 mi) of coastline.[2] According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 73,712, making Ubay the largest and most populated municipality in Bohol.[3] In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 41,792 registered voters.[4]

Etymology[edit]

Poblacion

One etymology derivation is that the town's name is a contraction of the term ubay-ubay, meaning "alongside".[5]

According to Kaufmann's 1934 Visayan-English Dictionary,[6] the Visayan word "ubay" means:
  1. to accompany other in bed or along the side, be they persons or animals;
  2. the flow or rivers and streams. from one place to another.

The flow of seawater between the mainland and the island of Lapinig Grande (now Pres. C.P. Garcia town) could justify the second definition of Ubay. It is a situation that is permanent and the constant reference to the flow of water can make the term ubay be attached as the name of the place.

An alternative derivation is that the term 'ubay-ubay' or 'alongside' became the byword of seafarers who used to travel close to the shorelines of Ubay to avoid the strong current of the Canigao Channel. There was a single path to follow reach the island trading centres. This trail was located alongside (ubay) the sandy beach. Later on the term Ubay became the original name of the community.

History[edit]

Before the Spanish regime, Ubay was part of Talibon. On 15 January 1844, it separated from Talibon to become an independent municipality.[5]

The religious aspect of the town was established much later than the civil aspect of the town. The decree of the Spanish Governor General creating Ubay as a town in the religious aspect is dated 22 October 1877. However, Royal Order No. 695 issued by the Kingdom of Spain has the date 5 October 1877.

The town celebrates its fiesta every 29 January in commemoration and honor of their patron saint, Holy Child.[7] Ubayanons often come home during fiesta to share the joy of reviving the beautiful old story on the origin of the place.

Geography[edit]

The town is situated east of Trinidad, north of Alicia and Mabini, and northeast of San Miguel. It is 124 kilometres (77 mi) northeast of Tagbilaran, 636 kilometres (395 mi) southeast of Manila and 71 kilometres (44 mi) east of Cebu City.

Climate[edit]

Ubay
Average annual temperature in Ubay is 27·2°C
Humidity 75–85%

Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
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33
24
 
 
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32
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31
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30
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Climate: Ubay

The climate is typically equatorial – temperature range over the year is less than three degrees Celsius (5.4 deg F), and annual rainfall exceeds 1,500 millimetres (59 in). The dry season starts in February and lasts through April sometimes extending to mid‑May. The climate in Ubay falls within Coronas climate type IV, characterised by not very pronounced maximum rainfall with a short dry season from one to three months and a wet season of nine to ten months.[8]

Ubay has a tropical climate. Most months of the year are marked by significant precipitation, making agriculture favorable – it supports at least two rice crops per year. The short dry season has little impact. Ubay is classified as Am (Tropical monsoon climate) by Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

Barangays[edit]

Ubay comprises 44 barangays organized into eight urban districts (UD):

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a. Area[2] PD2015 UD Date of Fiesta
2015[3] 2010[9] ha acre /km2 /sq mi
071246001 Achila 1.9% 1,429 1,276 2.18% 384 949 370 960 IV 15 January
071246002 Bay‑ang 2.6% 1,906 1,656 2.71% 632 1,562 300 780 III 21 May
071246005 Benliw 3.0% 2,193 2,223 −0.26% 589 1,455 370 960 VII 13 May
071246004 Biabas 3.5% 2,599 2,573 0.19% 2,200 5,436 120 310 VIII 17 May
071246007 Bongbong 1.2% 895 807 1.99% 161 398 560 1,400 II 8 December
071246008 Bood 3.8% 2,833 2,717 0.80% 152 376 1,900 4,800 V 16 January
071246009 Buenavista 1.0% 709 688 0.57% 651 1,609 110 280 I Last Saturday of April
30 Apr 2016
29 Apr 2017
28 Apr 2018
071246055 Bulilis 2.8% 2,046 1,711 3.46% 740 1,829 280 720 II 8 December
071246011 Cagting 2.3% 1,712 1,597 1.33% 1,044 2,580 160 420 VII 24 January
071246027 Calanggaman 2.3% 1,689 1,623 0.76% 618 1,527 270 710 III 8 December
071246056 California 1.3% 941 801 3.11% 319 788 290 760 II 13 May
071246012 Camali‑an 0.9% 642 581 1.92% 532 1,315 120 310 III 26 November
071246013 Camambugan 3.5% 2,591 2,251 2.71% 547 1,352 470 1,200 IV 15 May
071246015 Casate 3.6% 2,661 2,512 1.10% 460 1,137 580 1,500 IV 5 April
071246017 Cuya 0.7% 538 516 0.80% 66 163 820 2,100 VIII 6 February
071246018 Fatima 4.5% 3,340 3,235 0.61% 66 163 5,100 13,000 V 13 May
071246019 Gabi 1.9% 1,432 1,378 0.73% 1,646 4,067 87 230 II 9 December
071246020 Governor Boyles 1.2% 885 888 −0.06% 824 2,036 110 280 I 15 May
071246021 Guintabo‑an 0.9% 676 686 −0.28% 66 163 1,000 2,700 VIII 15 January
071246022 Hambabauran 1.6% 1,205 1,106 1.65% 521 1,287 230 600 III 15 January
071246023 Humayhumay 2.4% 1,802 1,708 1.03% 815 2,014 220 570 IV 14 February
071246024 Ilihan 1.0% 768 802 −0.82% 683 1,688 110 290 I 15 May
071246025 Imelda 2.5% 1,865 1,761 1.10% 657 1,624 280 740 VII 8 May &
27 November
071246026 Juagdan 1.6% 1,185 1,121 1.06% 121 299 980 2,500 VII 23 May
071246016 Katarungan 2.3% 1,680 1,524 1.87% 409 1,011 410 1,100 V 30 May
071246031 Lomangog 3.6% 2,650 2,025 5.26% 642 1,586 410 1,100 II 15 January
071246030 Los Angeles 0.8% 601 436 6.30% 274 677 220 570 II 27 April
071246032 Pag‑asa 1.7% 1,273 1,168 1.65% 378 934 340 870 III 8 December
071246033 Pangpang 1.8% 1,328 1,220 1.63% 450 1,112 300 760 IV 15 December
071246034 Poblacion 4.5% 3,331 3,633 −1.64% 199 492 1,700 4,300 V Last Friday of January
29 Jan 2016
27 Jan 2017
26 Jan 2018
071246037 San Francisco 2.3% 1,688 1,677 0.12% 1,107 2,736 150 390 I 26 June
071246038 San Isidro 1.0% 771 707 1.66% 262 647 290 760 VI 21 May
071246040 San Pascual 5.1% 3,783 3,127 3.69% 973 2,404 390 1,000 I Last Saturday of April
30 Apr 2016
29 Apr 2017
28 Apr 2018
071246041 San Vicente 1.4% 1,056 1,074 −0.32% 966 2,387 110 280 VIII 5 April
071246043 Sentinela 1.3% 939 969 −0.60% 271 670 350 900 VI 29 May
071246044 Sinandigan 3.0% 2,242 1,874 3.47% 607 1,500 370 960 VII 8 December
071246045 Tapal 2.1% 1,516 1,371 1.93% 290 717 520 1,400 VI 3 May
071246046 Tapon 3.8% 2,828 2,481 2.52% 153 378 1,800 4,800 V 29 June
071246047 Tintinan 1.0% 707 623 2.44% 31 77 2,300 5,900 VIII 29 September
071246048 Tipolo 3.4% 2,526 2,456 0.54% 655 1,619 390 1,000 VI 5 April
071246049 Tubog 1.3% 983 885 2.02% 514 1,270 190 500 III 16 May
071246050 Tuboran 1.9% 1,394 1,372 0.30% 547 1,352 250 660 IV 15 January
071246052 Union 3.2% 2,392 2,332 0.48% 514 1,270 470 1,200 VI 15 January
071246054 Villa Teresita 2.0% 1,482 1,407 0.99% 262 647 570 1,500 I 28 November
Total 73,712 68,578 1.38% 33,506 82,795 220 570

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Ubay
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 7,355 —    
1918 8,255 +0.77%
1939 21,213 +4.60%
1948 29,961 +3.91%
1960 34,090 +1.08%
1970 32,717 −0.41%
1975 34,195 +0.89%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 38,289 +2.29%
1990 48,902 +2.48%
1995 50,745 +0.70%
2000 59,827 +3.59%
2007 65,900 +1.34%
2010 68,578 +1.46%
2015 73,712 +1.38%
Source: Philippine Statistics Office[3][9][10]

When the first national census was held in 1903, the municipality had a population 7,355. It continued to grow until 1960 with 34,090 (annual growth rate of 2.73% over the period). The population markedly decreased in 1970 with the creation of the municipality of President Carlos P. Garcia, formerly a constituent barangay. Since 1970, average annual growth rate (1970–2015) is 1.82%.

The primary language is Cebuano: Filipino and English are understood to a limited degree.

In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 41,792 registered voters, meaning that 57% of the population are aged 18 and over.[4]

Economy[edit]

Public market

Ubay has a number of business establishments mostly small-scale commercial trading firms engaged in retail and wholesale. A new public market building was completed recently. The regular market day is Monday and local traders from neighboring towns come to sell their merchandise consisting mostly of agricultural products and small consumer items like used clothes, household utensils and other products. Ubay also provides a market for the neighboring island municipality of Pres. Carlos P. Garcia.

Tourism and culture[edit]

Roman Catholic Church, Poblacion

Ubay's point of interests, destinations, and attractions include:

  • Ubay Stock Farm (USF): Started in 1921 and occupying 4,500 hectares (11,120 acres), it is the largest and oldest government livestock facility in the Philippines. The place was chosen as one of the accredited livestock technology training facilities for Visayas and Mindanao. It is located in Lomangog.[11]
  • Bohol Experimental Station: The Integrated Agricultural Research Center of Department of Agriculture in Central Visayas PhilRice's national lead agency for the planning, coordination, implementation, and monitoring of all rice research and development activities in the Philippines. It is located in Gabi.
  • Capayas Dam (or Kapayas)(sometimes known as Banana Dam): One of the largest dams in the province and located alongside the main Ubay—Alicia—Guindulman highway. The southern end is in Lumangog, the remainder in Imelda. Completed in December 1991, it irrigates 750 hectares (1,900 acres) and serves 688 farm households. In 2011, the Department of Agriculture seeded the dam with 30,000 tilapia fingerlings, as part of their sustainable food security program.[12]
  • Ubay Agri-Park: The first of its kind in the Visayan region was recently launched to boost the agriculture and tourism industries in the area. A 100-hectare (250-acre) area situated along the national highway in Lomangog, Ubay Agri-Park helps to promote agri-tourism or "farm tourism," and is a showcase of Bohol's advances in farm technology.
  • Sinandigan Multi-Species Hatchery: It is the biggest multi-species hatchery farm in the Philippines.[13] A fishery infrastructure and mariculture park established to enable the fish farmers to become totally independent from wild stocks and to promote a more stable food security for the province. The facility is producing fingerlings of various fisheries products such as, but not limited to, milkfish (bangus), groupers (lapulapu), and siganids (kitong, danggit). It also houses a seaweed tissue culture laboratory which aims to rehabilitate quality seagrass planting materials using tissue branch culture, spore shredding and callus cell culture. It is supervised by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) and inaugurated in April 2011.[14]
  • The Gaviola Ancestral House: Located at Poblacion near the church plaza, this Filipino-Spanish house was the residence of Don Ruperto Gaviola (former mayor of Ubay). The two-storey house has a traditional cut stone ground and a wooden painted ceiling made by Cebuano artist Ray Francia.[15][16]

Delicacies[edit]

  • Ube Calamay: It is a purple rice cake, (Calamay) with Ube. This sweet and delightful delicacy is said to be originated from this town because of its large plantations of Ube (purple yam).
  • Fried Ube bread: Another mouthwatering delicacy made of ube. It is bread deep‑fried then filled with purple yam.

Ubay-ubay Festival[edit]

Like the Sinulog of Cebu, the Ubay-ubay Festival is the town's own version in celebration and honor of the patron saint, Sr. Santo Niño. This colorful and fascinating festivity is a well-attended event where people flock the town's major roads and venues to view the grand street parade and the festival dance-competition. This celebration is held each 28 – 30 January.[17]

Local government[edit]

Ubay Municipal Hall

Ubay is governed by the municipal mayor as head of the municipality. The vice mayor is the next highest position and acts as the presiding officer of municipal council.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transport[edit]

The most common form of local transportation is the tricycle for nearer barangays. For far barangays, the motorcycle is the most common. All barangays are connected by roads and the only places without roads are the steep slopes of the central mountains.

The improvement of the Bohol circumferential road and the port facilities helped Ubay to become the trading and transportation hub of northeastern Bohol, connecting it to the neighboring island of Leyte and the rest of Bohol province. Passenger and cargo traffic to these destinations has noticeably increased over the years indicating an increasing volume of trade between these points.

Land transportation is provided by various short and long-distance buses, jeeps and vans, connecting Ubay to the rest of the towns in the province. Tagbilaran can be reached from Ubay in two to three hours by bus or van. There are also daily combined road/ferry services to Metro Manila (Pasay City / Cubao, Quezon City).

Ubay seaport is considered the province's principal gateway to Leyte, and Samar.[20] Its improved port area is linked to the major port destinations of neighboring provinces such as Bato and Hilongos in Leyte, Maasin City in Southern Leyte, and Cebu City, the regional capital.[21] Four vessels travels to and from Cebu City daily,[20] and routes to and from Bato, Hilongos and Maasin City are also served daily. The journey time for each destination is 4–5 hours.[22]

Ubay is home to one of only two airports in Bohol (the other being Tagbilaran Airport), but Ubay Airport is completely undeveloped and has no scheduled service, nor any facilities. The runway currently is only about 400 metres (1,310 ft) long but couldn't extend at the southwestern end becomes it is close to hills, and the northeastern end reaches housing and the sea.[23]

Health[edit]

For health services, the town has two public health units staffed by doctors, nurses, midwives, dentists, medical technologists and sanitary inspectors. A small government hospital was established to provide outpatient services to local residents. A private 15-bed hospital in Fatima also provides services for emergencies. A pediatrics and OB-gynae clinic complements the health services available in town.

Barangay Health Workers (BHW) from each barangay provide direct health care assistance to barangay residents.

Public order and safety[edit]

The local police force is 37 police officers. Police–population ratio is 1:1,992, less favourable than the standard ratio of 1:1,000. The police are augmented by 492 Barangay Tanod volunteers. It is reported that crime rate in Ubay is relatively low. The local Fire Department is staffed by eight fire fighters with two fire trucks. Incidence of fires is reportedly low in the municipality.

Utilities[edit]

Bohol was linked to the major source of geothermal power in Leyte through the underwater connection between Maasin City, Southern Leyte and Ubay. Presently, only three of the 44 barangays have no electricity, yet only 34.97 percent of the total households in the municipality have electricity compared to the province, which was 58.3 percent energized in 2000.

The town proper and seven other barangays was served by the Ubay Water and Sanitation Cooperative. The cooperative planned to expand their service to eight other barangays in the near future. Due to consumer demand and the limited size of the supply, water service became difficult during dry months. Bohol province reported that 23.71 percent of its households had their own faucets from a community system while Ubay reported only 8.97 percent.

For the province, 21.68 percent of households had access to shared faucets while Ubay only had 8.86 percent. In Ubay, slightly more than half (51.83%) of the households had access to dug wells.

Education[edit]

Elementary schools[edit]

There are 44 public elementary schools in the municipality – one in each barangay except Cuya, and one on Tres Reyes island.[24]

There are 7 private elementary schools.[25]

Secondary and high schools[edit]

There are 16 public and private secondary and high schools in the municipality.[26]

Higher education[edit]

To meet the increasing demands Bohol Northeastern College was founded in 1996 by Ubayano political leaders, Erico B. Aumentado and former governor David B. Tirol. The name was changed to Bohol Northern Star Colleges in January 2007.

Notable Ubayanos[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Municipal: Ubay, Bohol". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Municipality of Balilihan". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 10 September 2012. 
  6. ^ Kaufmann 1934.
  7. ^ Calendar for January 2017
  8. ^ Coronas 1920.
  9. ^ a b "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  10. ^ "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  11. ^ "Ubay Stock Farm". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved October 21, 2012. 
  12. ^ Espinola & Maghirang 2014.
  13. ^ "DA, BFAR as partners for Bohol's self-sufficiency". EDCom Bohol. April 21, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Sinandigan Multi-Species Hatchery". Bohol Sunday Post. April 24, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2014. 
  15. ^ Akpenodu & Saloma 2011.
  16. ^ "Gaviola Ancestral House". GV Hotel. January 1, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Ubay Annual Town Fiesta". Ubay LGU. January 1, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Eutiquio M. Bernales". Bohol Choice Cuts. 2004-07-04. Retrieved 2013-12-21. 
  19. ^ Boysillo, Florencio (October 1990). "The Province of Bohol". Ubay Past and Present. 47: 11. 
  20. ^ a b "Ubay Seaport". Bohol-Philippines.com. 1 February 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  21. ^ Bohol Standard 2010.
  22. ^ "The Southern Leyte Connection". Leyte-Divers.com. 1 February 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  23. ^ Bohol News Today 2016.
  24. ^ "List of Public Schools in Bohol 2nd District" (Spreadsheet). DepEd Bohol. Retrieved 21 Oct 2012. 
  25. ^ "List and Status of Private Schools as of January 22, 2015" (PDF). Deped - Central Visayas. January 31, 2015. Retrieved March 5, 2015. 
  26. ^ "List of Public Schools in Bohol 2nd District". DepEd Bohol. Retrieved 21 Oct 2012. 
  27. ^ Bohol Chronicle 2013.
  28. ^ "Bohol Governors, Past and Present". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]