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Ubayd Allah ibn Jahsh

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Ubayd Allah ibn Jahsh
عبيدالله إبن جحش
Born588
Mecca, Hejaz, Arabia
(present-day Saudi Arabia)
Died627
SpouseRamla bint Abi Sufyan
Parents

Ubayd Allah ibn Jahsh ibn Ri'ab (Arabic: عُبَيْد اللَّه ٱبْن جَحْش ٱبْن رِئَاب, romanizedʿUbayd Allāh ibn Jaḥsh ibn Riʾāb; c. 588–627) was a contemporary of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He died following his migration to Abyssinia in around 615 CE. He is one of the four hanifs (a type of monotheists) mentioned by Ibn Ishaq, the others being Waraqa ibn Nawfal, Uthman ibn al-Huwayrith and Zayd ibn Amr.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was the son of Jahsh ibn Riyab[2] and Umayma bint Abd al-Muttalib,[3] hence a brother of Abd Allah ibn Jahsh, Zaynab bint Jahsh, Abu Ahmad ibn Jahsh, Habiba bint Jahsh and Hammanah bint Jahsh, a first cousin of Islamic prophet Muhammad and Ali, and a nephew of Hamza ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib. He married Ramla bint Abi Sufyan (who was also known as Umm Habiba), and they had one daughter, Habibah bint Ubayd Allah.[4]

He and his wife became Muslims and, in order to escape from the Meccan persecution, they emigrated to Abyssinia.[5]

According to Ibn Ishaq, in the year 615, Ubayd-Allah, with his Muslim wife and daughter, accompanied by a group of Muslim refugees, migrated to Ethiopia to escape Meccan persecution.

There are claims that he adopted Christianity after migration to Abyssinia however these claims are refuted on the bases of Hadith, and other reliable historical documents and evidence. [6][7][8][9]

In Abyssinia, he contracted a disease that would cause his death later, but before his death, he recommended to Muhammad that he marry his wife if he died.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muhammad ibn Ishaq, Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). The Life of Muhammad, pp. 98-99. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  2. ^ Guillaume/Ishaq pp. 99, 146.
  3. ^ Muhammad ibn Saad, Tabaqat vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina, p. 33. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  4. ^ Bewley/Saad p. 68.
  5. ^ Guillaume/Ishaq, p. 146.
  6. ^ "Sahih al-Bukhari 7 - Revelation - كتاب بدء الوحى - Sunnah.com - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)". sunnah.com. Retrieved 2024-07-08.
  7. ^ "ص386 - كتاب الإحسان في تقريب صحيح ابن حبان - ذكر إباحة وصية المرء وهو في بلد ناء إلى الموصي إليه في بلد آخر - المكتبة الشاملة". shamela.ws. Retrieved 2024-07-08.
  8. ^ "Sunan Abi Dawud 2086 - Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah) - كتاب النكاح - Sunnah.com - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)". sunnah.com. Retrieved 2024-07-08.
  9. ^ "Why wasn't ʿUbaydallāh bin Jaḥsh killed for apostasy?". Islam Stack Exchange. Retrieved 2024-07-09.
  10. ^ ما شاع ولم يثبت في السيرة النبوية | مجلد 1 | صفحة 42 | عبيد الله بن جحش هل تنصر (*)؟ | تتمة | السيرة (in Arabic).