Ubayd-Allah ibn Jahsh

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Ubayd-Allah ibn Jahsh (Arabic: عبيد الله بن جحش‎‎) (c.588-627) was one of the four monotheistic hanifs mentioned by Ibn Ishaq, the others being Waraqah ibn Nawfal, Uthman ibn Huwarith and Zayd ibn Amr.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was the son of Jahsh ibn Riyab[2] and Umama bint Abdulmuttalib,[3] hence a brother of Abd-Allah ibn Jahsh, Zaynab bint Jahsh, Abu Ahmad ibn Jahsh, Habiba bint Jahsh and Hammanah bint Jahsh, a first cousin of Islamic prophet Muhammad and Ali, and a nephew of Hamza ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib. He married Ramlah bint Abi Sufyan (who was also known as Umm Habiba), and they had one daughter, Habibah bint Ubayd-Allah.[4]

He and his wife became Muslims and, in order to escape from the Meccan persecution, they emigrated to Abyssinia.[5] At Axum, part of the Aksumite Empire the Christian king, Aṣḥama ibn Abjar, gave sanctuary to the Muslims. There Ubayd-Allah eventually converted to Christianity and testified his new faith to the other Muslim refugees. Ibn Ishaq relates:

Due to his conversion, he separated from his wife. He eventually died in Abyssinia in 627.[6]

Later on Muhammad married his widow, Ramlah. Muhammad also married Ubayd-Allah's sister Zaynab.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muhammad ibn Ishaq, Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). The Life of Muhammad, pp. 98-99. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  2. ^ Guillaume/Ishaq pp. 99, 146.
  3. ^ Muhammad ibn Saad, Tabaqat vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina, p. 33. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  4. ^ Bewley/Saad p. 68.
  5. ^ Guillaume/Ishaq, p. 146.
  6. ^ Bewley/Saad, p. 68. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.

See also[edit]