Ube halaya

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Ube halaya
Ube halaya - mashed purple yam (Philippines) 01.jpg
0002jfDesserts Pampanga Philippinesfvf 12.JPG
Top: ube halaya is distinctively naturally purple
Bottom: ube halaya topped with latík
Alternative namesUbe jam, Halayang ube, Purple yam jam
Coursedessert
Place of originPhilippines
Serving temperaturecold
Main ingredientsMashed purple yam, coconut milk and/or condensed milk, and butter

Ube halaya or halayang ube (variant spellings halea, haleya; from the Spanish jalea, "jam") is a Philippine dessert made from boiled and mashed purple yam (Dioscorea alata, locally known as ube).[1] Ube halaya is the main base in ube/purple yam flavored-pastries and ice cream. It can also be incorporated in other desserts such as halo-halo. It is also commonly anglicized as ube jam, or called by its original native name, nilupak na ube.

History[edit]

The Philippines, along with New Guinea, shows the highest phenotypic diversity of ube (Dioscorea alata), making it one of the likely centers of origin of ube domestication.[2] Remains of ube have been recovered from the Ille Cave archaeological site of Palawan (c. 11,000 BP).[3]

Preparation[edit]

The main ingredient is peeled and boiled purple yam which is grated and mashed. The mashed yam, with condensed milk (originally sweetened coconut milk), are added to a saucepan where butter or margarine had been melted. The mixture is stirred until thickened. Once thickened, the mixture is cooled down and placed on a platter or into containers of various shapes.

Ube halaya is typically served cold, after refrigeration. Optional topping includes browned grated coconut, latik, or condensed milk.

Variations[edit]

Ube halaya is a type of nilupak (mashed/pounded starchy food with coconut milk and sugar) which has several variants that use other types of starchy root crops or fruits. Generally, the term halaya is reserved for nilupak made with ube and calabaza, while nilupak is more commonly used for variants made with mashed cassava or saba bananas. Variants made from sweet potato and taro can be known as either halaya or nilupak.

Ube macapuno[edit]

Ube halaya served with macapuno (coconut sport) is a notable combination known as ube macapuno. The combination is also used in other ube recipes, like in ube cakes and ube ice cream.[4][5]

Camote halaya[edit]

Camote halaya, sometimes known as "camote delight" or "sweet potato jam", is a variant that uses mashed sweet potato (camote) instead of ube. It is prepared identically to ube halaya. It has a light yellow color to bright orange to purple color, depending on the cultivar of sweet potato used.[6][7][8] It is traditionally known as nilupak na kamote, especially when served on banana leaves.[9] Purple versions of camote halaya can sometimes be confused with or used as a substitute for ube halaya.[10]

Halayang kalabasa[edit]

Halayang kalabasa, also known as "squash halaya" or "pumpkin jam", is a variant that uses mashed calabaza (kalabasa). It is prepared identically to ube halaya. It is typically orange to light brown in color.[11][12]

Binagol[edit]

Binagol is a unique version from the Eastern Visayas which use mashed taro corms. It is distinctively sold in halved coconut shells. It can range in color from creamy white to brown.[13]

Nilupak na ube at gabi[edit]

Nilupak na ube at gabi is a Tagalog version that combines ube with taro corms.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Halayang Ube-Purple Yam Jam".
  2. ^ Cruz, V.M.V.; Altoveros, N.C.; Mendioro, M.S.; Ramirez, D.A. (1999). "Geographical patterns of diversity in the Philippine edible yam collection". Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter. 119: 7–11.
  3. ^ Balbaligo, Yvette (15 November 2007). "A Brief Note on the 2007 Excavation at Ille Cave, Palawan, the Philippines". Papers from the Institute of Archaeology. 18 (2007): 161. doi:10.5334/pia.308.
  4. ^ Belen, Jun. "Ube, the Purple Yam: Why Filipinos Love Purple Sweet Treats". Junblog. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  5. ^ Veneracion, Connie. "Ube – macapuno dessert". Casa Veneracion. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Sweet Potato Jam (Kamote Halaya)". Mama's Guide Recipes. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  7. ^ "Kamote Halaya Recipe (Sweet Potato Dessert)". Petite Rosie. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  8. ^ "How to cook the famous Camote Delight Dessert". PinoyRecipe.net. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Nilupak Recipe". Pinoy Recipe At Iba Pa. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  10. ^ "Purple Sweet Potatoes or are they Purple Yams?!?". Market Manila. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  11. ^ "Halayang Kalabasa ( Pumpkin Jam)". Tagalog Kitchen. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Halayang Kalabasa". Pinoy Hapagkainan. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  13. ^ "Leyte Pasalubong". Our Awesome Planet. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  14. ^ "NILUPAK na UBE at GABI". Tagalog Kitchen. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  • Alejandro, R., & Tettoni, L. (2012). Authentic Recipes from the Philippines. New York: Tuttle Pub.