Uberaba

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Uberaba
View of the city
View of the city
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Uberaba in the state of Minas Gerais
Location of Uberaba in the state of Minas Gerais
Uberaba is located in Brazil
Uberaba
Uberaba
Localization of Uberaba in Brazil
Coordinates: 19°44′52″S 47°55′55″W / 19.74778°S 47.93194°W / -19.74778; -47.93194Coordinates: 19°44′52″S 47°55′55″W / 19.74778°S 47.93194°W / -19.74778; -47.93194
Country Brazil
State Minas Gerais
Founded2 March 1809
Founded byAntônio Eustáquio da Silva e Oliveira
Government
 • MayorPaulo Piau (PMDB)
Area
 • Total4,529.7 km2 (1,748.9 sq mi)
Elevation
823 m (2,700 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total328,272
 • Density71,9/km2 (1,860/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−3 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−2 (BRST)
Postal Code
38000-000
Area code(s)+55 34

Uberaba is a municipality in the west of the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil. Its population in 2017 was 328.272 with an area of 4529.7 km2, The population density was 71,9 inhabitants/km2 according to Brazilian Statistics Agency. It is located on a plateau with an elevation of 823 meters. It became a city in 1856.

History[edit]

The town was founded in 1809 by the sergeant Antônio Eustáquio da Silva e Oliveira. The city's name is derived from Tupi language and it means "bright water". It was classified as a indigenous territory in February 1811 and then as freguesia (parish) on March 2, 1809 with the name of Santo Antônio e São Sebastião do Uberaba. It became a city on February 22, 1836.

Uberaba is located in the Brazilian's region known as Triângulo Mineiro. It was part of the State of Goiás until 1816 but then became part of the State of Minas Gerais.

The district of Peirópolis is located around 19 kilometers east (around 11 miles) of the city. It is a important Cretaceous paleontological site founded by Brazilian paleontologist Llewellyn Price.[1]

The city is also famous for being the home of Brazilian's philanthropist and spiritist medium Chico Xavier, as well as hosting largest events related to cattle breeding and genetic improvement, it is the location of ''ABCZ'' acronym in Portuguese for ''Brazilian Association of Zebu Breeders'' as well The Brazilian Association of Girolando Breeders.

Economy[edit]

Uberaba is the trade centre of a important agricultural area producing cattle, soy, corn and sugarcane. A well-known cattle and agricultural exhibition is held there each May. In 2006 there were 133,204 head of cattle on 825 establishments, 4,216,778 poultry on 448 establishments and 36,230 head of swine on 303 establishments. Milk production was substantial with 29,542 liters being produced a day on 576 farms in 2006.[2]

The city's developed industries include cement and phosphate fertilizer plants, processed foods (sweets), cosmetics, shoe factories, furniture factories and electronics represented by a Stanley Black & Decker plant.

The city also has around 49 chemical companies which are the largest producers of phosphated fertilizers in Latin America. Among them are Vale, FMC, Sipcam Nichino Brasil, Bunge, and Agronelli.

Uberaba is known nationally as a center of livestock genetic improvement and as an important producer of grain in Minas Gerais.

Freight is transported by rail and road to Belo Horizonte 460 km to the east, and to neighbouring communities in Minas Gerais and São Paulo states.

The city is one of the largest centers of cattle auctions in the country. During the expositions of zebu cattle, there are many events, which attract Brazilians and foreigners. During the year there are about 300 auctions with the sale of about 200,000 animals for reproduction, fattening, and milk.

Uberaba is served by Mário de Almeida Franco Airport.

Industries and business[edit]

  • Vale
  • Black & Decker
  • Skala
  • Fertigran
  • Valmont
Paleontological site located in the Peirópolis district.

Main agricultural crops in planted area (2006):[edit]

  • Bananas: 28 ha.
  • Coffee: 1,000 ha.
  • Oranges: 1,410 ha.
  • Tangerine: 168 ha.
  • Cotton: 3,145 ha.
  • Rice: 543 ha.
  • Peanuts: 100 ha.
  • Potatoes: 2,190 ha.
  • Sugarcane: 36,000 ha.
  • Onions: 450 ha.
  • Beans: 1,450 ha.
  • Manioc: 1,300 ha.
  • Corn: 50,000 ha.
  • Soybeans: 100,000 ha.
  • Sorghum: 1,250
  • Tomatoes: 240 ha.
  • Wheat: 336 ha.[2]

Farm information (in 2006):[edit]

  • Number of farms: 1,093
  • Agricultural area: 282,692 ha.
  • Planted area: 105,000 ha.
  • Area of natural pasture: 112,678
  • Workers related to producer: 1,764
  • Workers not related to producer: 2,533 [2]

Notable people from Uberaba[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

Brazilian's spiritist medium Chico Xavier moved from Pedro Leopoldo to Uberaba in 1959. He died in June 2002 by the age of 92, he was buried in the city.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Peiropolis - capital brasileira dos dinossauros". Archived from the original on 2007-01-27. Retrieved 2007-02-19.
  2. ^ a b c IBGE Cidades

External links[edit]