Uberaba

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Uberaba
Municipality of Uberaba
Flag
Coat of arms
Location in Minas Gerais
Location in Minas Gerais
Uberaba is located in Brazil
Uberaba
Uberaba
Localization of Uberaba in Brazil
Coordinates: 19°44′52″S 47°55′55″W / 19.74778°S 47.93194°W / -19.74778; -47.93194Coordinates: 19°44′52″S 47°55′55″W / 19.74778°S 47.93194°W / -19.74778; -47.93194
Country Brazil
RegionSoutheast
State Minas Gerais
Founded2 March 1820
Government
 • MayorElisa Gonçalves de Araujo (2021) (SD)
Area
 • Total4,529.7 km2 (1,748.9 sq mi)
Elevation
823 m (2,700 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total340,277
 • Density71/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−3 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−2 (BRST)
Postal Code
38000-000
Area code+55 34
HDI (2010)0.772 – high[2]
Websitewww.uberaba.mg.gov.br

Uberaba (Portuguese pronunciation: [ubeˈɾabɐ]) is a city in the state of Minas Gerais, southeast Brazil. It is located in the Brazilian Highlands at 2,575 feet (823 metres) above sea level on the Uberaba River, and 418 km (260 miles) away from the state capital, Belo Horizonte.[3] The city status was granted in 1856, and its name comes from the Tupi language meaning "bright water".[4] As of 2021 the population was 340,277 inhabitants.

History[edit]

The history of Uberaba begins in 1810 when capt. Major Eustaquio founded a settlement in the vicinity of the ancient route of Anhanguera (also known as the 'Goyazes road') to serve as a stopping point for locals and travelers during the 19th century. Given the strategic location of the village and as a crossroads, local farmers started to cultivate crops and domesticate cattle for commerce which led the establishment of a strong livestock network for that region.[5]

The territory of Uberaba was part of the Captaincy of Goias until 1816, being annexed to the Captaincy of Minas Gerais in the same year. It was raised to parish in 1820 then formally named as a city in 1856.[6]

The Mogiana Railway reached the city in 1889, improving local development.[7]

Today, the city holds events of livestock and agribusiness. As an industrial hub, Uberaba is a regional center of culture, and business. It is home to numerous institutions, marketplaces, and entertainment venues.[8]

The municipality also comprises the district of Peirópolis, a palaeontological site located in the rural area of the city, holding the Palaentological Research Center – Llewellyn Ivor Price (pt: Centro de Pesquisas Paleontológicas – Llewellyn Ivor Price) and a museum dedicated to the fossils found in the area. It was named in honor of the Brazilian paleontologist Llewellyn Price.[9]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Uberaba's climate is Tropical (Aw). The average temperature for the year is 21.9 °C (71.4 °F). The highest recorded temperature is 40.2 °C (105.2 °F) which was recorded in October. The lowest recorded temperature is −2.2 °C (28.0 °F) recorded in July.[10]

There are an average of 86 days of precipitation with the most occurring in December, and the least occurring in July.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Uberaba is the main municipality in the Intermediate Geographic Region of Uberaba.[12]

In 2021, the Immediate Geographic Region of Uberaba consisted of 10 municipalities within an area of 14.281,652 km² (5514,17 sq mi).

Economy[edit]

Uberaba is one of the largest producers of grain in the state. The top agricultural products are corn, soybean, coffee, cotton, and sugarcane.[13] The city also holds the ‘’Expozebu’’, one of the largest cattle fair in the world taking place every May.[14] 

The service sector employs just over half the population living in the city, followed by manufacturing industry, and agriculture in third place. Industrial sector include agribusiness, food processing, clothing, steel, mining, chemical products, electronic devices, home appliances, and more.[15]

The industrial park currently hosts processing plants operated by chemical companies such as Vale S.A., FMC Corporation, Sipcam Nichino (UPL), and Yara.[16]

Cargo is transported to other cities by road, and rail.[17]

The Dinosaur Museum in the site of Peirópolis.

Agriculture: crops planted (2006)[edit]

  • Bananas: 28 ha.
  • Coffee: 1,000 ha.
  • Oranges: 1,410 ha.
  • Tangerine: 168 ha.
  • Cotton: 3,145 ha.
  • Rice: 543 ha.
  • Peanuts: 100 ha.
  • Potatoes: 2,190 ha.
  • Sugarcane: 36,000 ha.
  • Onions: 450 ha.
  • Beans: 1,450 ha.
  • Cassava: 1,300 ha.
  • Corn: 50,000 ha.
  • Soybeans: 100,000 ha.
  • Sorghum: 1,250
  • Tomatoes: 240 ha.
  • Wheat: 336 ha.

Farming (2006)[edit]

  • Number of farms: 1,093
  • Agricultural area: 282,692 ha.
  • Planted area: 105,000 ha.
  • Area of natural pasture: 112,678
  • Workers related to producer: 1,764
  • Workers not related to producer: 2,533

Transportation[edit]

Uberaba is served by Mário de Almeida Franco Airport.

Notable people[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

Uberaba is also famous for being the home of the philanthropist and spiritualist medium Chico Xavier. Chico was born in Pedro Leopoldo in 1910, living in Uberaba from 1959 until his death at the age of 92 on 30 June 2002. He is buried in the city.[18]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IBGE 2020
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Uberaba | Brazil | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  4. ^ giftnily.com (7 March 2022). "There is tupi in Portuguese spoken in Brazil". Giftnily. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  5. ^ "Urban land: the relationship between religious and public institutions in the control over the land heritage for founding the city of Buritizal / SP" (PDF).
  6. ^ "IFTM | Congresso de Internacionalização e Educação Profissional e Tecnológica". www.iftm.edu.br (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 29 June 2022.
  7. ^ "THE TRAMWAYS OF SACRAMENTO". tramz.com. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  8. ^ Santana, M. L.; Pereira, R. J.; Bignardi, A. B.; Filho, A. E. Vercesi; Menéndez-Buxadera, A.; El Faro, L. (1 December 2015). "Detrimental effect of selection for milk yield on genetic tolerance to heat stress in purebred Zebu cattle: Genetic parameters and trends". Journal of Dairy Science. 98 (12): 9035–9043. doi:10.3168/jds.2015-9817. ISSN 0022-0302. PMID 26476953.
  9. ^ "Paleophilatelie.eu – Brazil 1995". www.paleophilatelie.eu. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  10. ^ "Uberaba Climate, Weather By Month, Average Temperature (Brazil) – Weather Spark". weatherspark.com. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  11. ^ "Climate & Weather Averages in Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil". www.timeanddate.com. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  12. ^ "Divisões Regionais do Brasil | IBGE". www.ibge.gov.br. Retrieved 29 June 2022.
  13. ^ Iglesias, Carlos; Sesmero, Juan P. (1 June 2015). "Economic Analysis of Supplementing Sugarcane with Corn for Ethanol Production in Brazil: A Case Study in Uberaba". BioEnergy Research. 8 (2): 627–643. doi:10.1007/s12155-014-9551-4. ISSN 1939-1242. S2CID 15362034.
  14. ^ Intelligence, fDi. "From zebu to tattoos, Uberaba's pioneering spirit lives on". www.fdiintelligence.com. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  15. ^ Intelligence, fDi. "Uberaba thinks beyond the crop". www.fdiintelligence.com. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  16. ^ "Acid Plant Database October 21, 2019". Agência de Notícias Brasil-Árabe. 24 July 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  17. ^ "Export Processing Zone launched in Uberaba". Agência de Notícias Brasil-Árabe. 27 April 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  18. ^ "Obituary: Chico Xavier". the Guardian. 11 July 2002. Retrieved 17 March 2022.

External links[edit]