Ubiquiti Networks

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Ubiquiti Inc.
Traded asNYSEUI
Russell 1000 Index component
IndustryComputer networking, energy
FoundedJune 2005; 15 years ago (2005-06)
FoundersRobert Pera
United States
ProductsComputer networking devices
RevenueIncrease US$1.016 billion (2018)[1]
Increase US$314.142 million (2018)[1]
Increase US$196.290 million (2018)[1]
Total assetsIncrease US$1.022 billion (2018)[1]
Total equityDecrease US$315.748 million (2018)[1]
Number of employees
843 (as of June 30, 2018)[1]
Websitewww.ui.com Edit this at Wikidata

Ubiquiti Inc. (formerly Ubiquiti Networks, Inc.) is an American technology company founded in San Jose, California, in 2005. Now based in New York City,[2] Ubiquiti manufactures and sells wireless data communication and wired products for enterprises and homes under multiple brand names.


Ubiquiti's first product line was its "Super Range" mini-PCI radio card series, which was followed by other wireless products.

The company's Xtreme Range (XR) cards operated on non-standard IEEE 802.11 bands, which reduced the impact of congestion in the 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz bands.[citation needed] In August 2007 a group of Italian amateur radio operators set a distance world record for point-to-point links in the 5.8 GHz spectrum. Using two XR5 cards and a pair of 35 dBi dish antennas, the Italian team was able to establish a 304 km (about 188 mi) link at data rates between 4 and 5 Mbit/s.[3]

The company (under its "Ubiquiti Labs" brand) also manufactures a home-oriented wireless mesh network router and access point combination as a consumer-level product, called AmpliFi.[4]


A UniFi AP

Ubiquiti product lines include UniFi, EdgeMax, AirMax, AirFiber, and UFiber. The most common product line is UniFi which is focused on home and business wired and wireless networking. EdgeMax is a product line dedicated to wired networking, containing only routers and switches. AirMax is a product line dedicated to creating point-to-point (PTP) and point-to-multi-point (PtMP) links between networks. AirFiber and UFiber are used by Wireless Internet Service Providers (WISP), and Internet Service Providers (ISP) respectively.

Security issues[edit]

U-Boot configuration extraction[edit]

In 2013, it was discovered that there was a security issue in the version of the U-Boot boot loader shipped on Ubiquiti's devices. It was possible to extract the plaintext configuration from the device without leaving a trace using Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) and an Ethernet cable, revealing information such as passwords.[5]

While this issue is fixed in current versions of Ubiquiti hardware, despite many requests and acknowledging that they are using this GPL-protected application, Ubiquiti refused to provide the source code for the GNU General Public License (GPL)-licensed U-Boot.[6][7] This made it impractical for Ubiquiti's customers to fix the issue.[6] The GPL-licensed code was released eventually.[8]

Uparte Trojan[edit]

It was reported by online reporter Brian Krebs, on June 15, 2015, that "Recently, researchers at the Fujitsu Security Operations Center in Warrington, UK began tracking [the] Upatre [trojan software] being served from hundreds of compromised home routers — particularly routers powered by MikroTik and Ubiquiti’s AirOS". Bryan Campbell of the Fujitsu Security Operations Center in Warrington, UK reported, "We have seen literally hundreds of wireless access points, and routers connected in relation to this botnet, usually AirOS", said Bryan Campbell, lead threat intelligence analyst at Fujitsu. "The consistency in which the botnet is communicating with compromised routers in relation to both distribution and communication leads us to believe known vulnerabilities are being exploited in the firmware which allows this to occur".[9]


On October 13, 2011, Ubiquiti had its initial public offering (IPO) at 7.04 million shares, at $15 per share.,[10] raising $30.5 million.[11]

Legal difficulties[edit]

United States sanctions against Iran[edit]

In March 2014, Ubiquiti agreed to pay $504,225 to the Office of Foreign Assets Control after it allegedly violated U.S. sanctions against Iran.[12]

Open-source licensing compliance[edit]

In 2015, Ubiquiti was accused of violating the terms of the GPL license for open-source code used in their products.[7] The original source of the complaint updated their website on May 24, 2017, when the issue was resolved.[8]


In 2015, Ubiquiti revealed that it lost $46.7 million when its finance department was tricked into sending money to someone posing as an employee.[13]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Ubiquiti Networks 2018 SEC Form 10-K".
  2. ^ Witkowski, Wallace (September 18, 2017). "Ubiquiti shares hammered by Citron 'fraud' claim that contains little new evidence - MarketWatch". MarketWatch.com. Retrieved November 29, 2017. That may be a factor that led Ubiquiti’s auditor, PWC, to cite a lack of internal controls in 2015, and an eventual staff clear-out that led Ubiquiti to move its headquarters from San Jose, Calif., to New York City and change auditors to KPMG.
  3. ^ "World Record 304km Wi-Fi connection". Gizmag.com. Retrieved December 22, 2012.
  4. ^ "Hands-on: Ubiquiti's Amplifi covers the whole house in a Wi-Fi mesh". Ars Technica. July 20, 2016. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
  5. ^ "Re: AirOS and Security: DUMP of configuration files with TFTP or other thing". Ubnt.com. July 16, 2014. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  6. ^ a b "GPL archive missing components". Ubnt.com. March 2, 2013. Archived from the original on December 9, 2016. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  7. ^ a b Riley Baird (April 7, 2015). "How Ubiquiti Networks Is Creatively Violating the GPL". LibertyBSD. Archived from the original on April 30, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
  8. ^ a b Riley Baird (May 24, 2017). "N/A". LibertyBSD. Archived from the original on 2017-05-24. Retrieved December 12, 2017.
  9. ^ "Crooks Use Hacked Routers to Aid Cyberheists". June 2015.
  10. ^ "Ubiquiti Networks IPO Priced To Work At $15?". Seeking Alpha. Retrieved December 22, 2012.
  11. ^ "Annual report for fiscal year ended June 30, 2012". Form 10-K. US Securities and Exchange Commission. September 21, 2012. Retrieved October 16, 2013.
  12. ^ "Ubiquiti Networks settles with OFAC for alleged violations of Iran sanctions", Debevoise & Plimpton LLP, March 7, 2014.
  13. ^ "Fraudsters duped this company into handing over $40 million". Fortune.com. August 10, 2015. Retrieved October 19, 2015.

External links[edit]