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Uch (Urdu: اوچ; "Ūch"), frequently referred to as Uch Sharīf (Urdu: اوچ شریف; "Noble Uch"), is an historic city in the southern part of Pakistan's Punjab province. Uch is renowned for its collection of shrines dating from the 12-15th centuries that are dedicated to revered Muslim mystics, and which are considered masterpieces of South Asian Islamic architecture. Uch was an important centre in medieval Islamic India, and was an early stronghold of the Delhi Sultanate during the Muslim conquest of the subcontinent.
Uch may have been founded in 325 BCE by Alexander the Great as the city of Alexandria on the Indus (Greek: Ἀλεξάνδρεια ἡ ἐν Ἰνδῷ). The city was located at the confluence of the Punjab's rivers with the Indus. Some historians believe that Uch predates the advent of Bikramjit, when Jains and Buddhists ruled over the area, and that Mithankot or Chacharan Sharif was the true settlement of Alexandria.
In 712 CE, Muhammad bin Qasim conquered Uch, after which the city became one of the leading centres of Islamic studies in South Asia. Following the schism between the Nizari and Musta'li sects of Ismaili Shi'ism in 1094, Uch became a centre of Nizari missionary activity for several centuries, and today is home to several tombs of prominent Nizari pīrs.
Flooding in the early 19th century caused serious damage to many of the city's tombs, including structural problems and the deterioration of masonry and finishes. As the problems have persisted, the Uch Monument Comple was listed in the 1998 World Monuments Watch by the World Monuments Fund, and again in 2000 and 2002. The Fund subsequently offered financial assistance for conservation from American Express.
Uch is located 73 kilometres (45 mi) away from Bahawalpur. Formerly located at the confluence of the Indus and Chenab rivers, it is now 100 kilometres (62 mi) from that confluence, which has moved to Mithankot.
There are several tombs of famous mystics (Sufis) in Uch, notably the tombs of Syed Jalaluddin Bukhari and his family. These structures were joined by a series of domed tombs; the first is said to have been built for Baha’al-Halim by his pupil, the Suharwardiya Sufi saint Jahaniyan Jahangasht (1307–1383), the second for the latter’s great-granddaughter, Bibi Jawindi, in 1494, and the third for the latter’s architect.
Syed Ali Hassan Gillani Member National Assembly PML(N)
Makhdoom Syed Iftikhar Hussain Gillani Member Provincial Assembly(BNAP)
Arif Aziz Sheikh Member National Assembly PPPP
Makhdoom Syed Iftikhar Hussain Gillani Member Provincial Assembly PML(Q)
- Alexandria (Uch) - Livius.org
- MacLean, Derryl N. (1989). Religion and Society in Arab Sind. BRILL. ISBN 9789004085510.
- Colin Amery and Brian Curran, Vanishing Histories, Harry N. Abrams, New York, NY: 2001, p. 103.
- World Monuments Fund - Uch Monument Complex
- Rina Saeed Khan, "New York group funds Uch conservation," Pakistan Daily Times, January 16, 2004.
- Uch Sharif
- Uch Sharif : New Photographs on Uch Sharif
- Uch : A detailed photographic description of all famous places of Uch Sharif
- Shrine of Bibi Jawindi, Uch Sharif
- UNESCO World Heritage Foundation - Tomb of Bibi Jawindi, Baha'al-Halim and Ustead and the Tomb and Mosque of Jalaluddin Bukhari
- Bibi Jawindi Tomb-ArchNet
- Livius Uch Picture Archive
- Pictures - Tomb of Bibi Jawindi