Uckermark (district)

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This article is about a district in Germany. For the historical region, see Uckermark. For information about the Nazi concentration camp with the same name, see Uckermark concentration camp.


Uckermark
District
Brandenburg UM.svg
Country  Germany
State Brandenburg
Capital Prenzlau
Area
 • Total 3,058.2 km2 (1,180.8 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 122,484
 • Density 40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration UM
Website http://www.uckermark.de

Uckermark is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (clockwise from the south) Barnim and Oberhavel, the districts Mecklenburgische Seenplatte and Vorpommern-Greifswald in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, and to the east Poland (Police County and Gryfino County). It is the largest district of Germany areawise. The district is named after the historical region of Uckermark.

Geography[edit]

The Uckermark is named after the Uecker river, which is a tributary of the Oder. The Oder River, forming the Polish border, bounds the district in the east. The district is characterised by 600 lakes and 2,800 km of rivers. Rare animals still live in the lakeland, such as ospreys, beavers and otters.

The western parts of the Lower Oder Valley National Park are located in the district.

History[edit]

Main article: Uckermark

The Uckermark was originally divided between the administrative units Uckerkreis and Stolpirischer Kreis. In 1817 as part of the Province of Brandenburg, a third district was created in the area, the district Angermünde, and the other two districts were renamed to Prenzlau and Templin. The current district Uckermark was created in 1993 by merging the previous districts Angermünde, Prenzlau and Templin, as well as the previously district-free city Schwedt.

Demography[edit]

Landkreis Uckermark:
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
[2]
Year Population
1875 129 964
1890 128 385
1910 132 931
1925 140 942
1933 137 444
1939 140 502
1946 166 690
1950 174 223
1964 160 730
1971 172 776
Year Population
1981 175 927
1985 173 993
1989 172 982
1990 170 409
1991 165 542
1992 165 115
1993 163 719
1994 162 022
1995 160 310
1996 159 029
Year Population
1997 157 663
1998 155 723
1999 154 086
2000 151 740
2001 148 606
2002 145 715
2003 143 411
2004 141 454
2005 139 326
2006 137 209
Year Population
2007 134 958
2008 132 837
2009 131 115
2010 129 738
2011 123 731
2012 122 484
2013 121 326

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The main feature of the coat of arms are the brick buildings of the district — the churches of Prenzlau and Angermünde. The city wall below recalls the many wars of the Middle Ages. The two circular windows in the church tower symbolizes the division into two districts before the reform of 1817, the three Gothic windows represent this division. On the city wall are two shields — one with the griffin of Pomerania, the other with the red eagle of Brandenburg. The wavy lines in the upper part represent the main rivers in the district, Oder, Randow, and Uecker. The yellow color of the background represents the agriculture of the district, as the Uckermark was the "granary" of Brandenburg. The coat of arms was created by Hans Benthin, and was officially granted on November 8, 1995.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Angermünde
  2. Lychen
  3. Prenzlau
  4. Schwedt
  5. Templin


Amt-free municipalities

  1. Boitzenburger Land
  2. Nordwestuckermark
  3. Uckerland

1. Brüssow (Uckermark)

  1. Brüssow1, 2
  2. Carmzow-Wallmow
  3. Göritz
  4. Schenkenberg
  5. Schönfeld

2. Gartz (Oder)

  1. Casekow
  2. Gartz1, 2
  3. Hohenselchow-Groß Pinnow
  4. Mescherin
  5. Tantow

3. Gerswalde

  1. Flieth-Stegelitz
  2. Gerswalde1
  3. Milmersdorf
  4. Mittenwalde
  5. Temmen-Ringenwalde

4. Gramzow

  1. Gramzow1
  2. Grünow
  3. Oberuckersee
  4. Randowtal
  5. Uckerfelde
  6. Zichow

5. Oder-Welse

  1. Berkholz-Meyenburg
  2. Mark Landin
  3. Passow
  4. Pinnow1
  5. Schöneberg
1seat of the Amt; 2town

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°15′N 13°52′E / 53.250°N 13.867°E / 53.250; 13.867