Uckermark (district)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This article is about a district in Germany. For the historical region, see Uckermark. For information about the Nazi concentration camp with the same name, see Uckermark concentration camp.
Uckermark
District
Brandenburg UM.svg
Country  Germany
State Brandenburg
Capital Prenzlau
Area
 • Total 3,058.2 km2 (1,180.8 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total 120,349
 • Density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registration UM
Website http://www.uckermark.de

Uckermark (About this sound German pronunciation ) is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (clockwise from the south) Barnim and Oberhavel, the districts Mecklenburgische Seenplatte and Vorpommern-Greifswald in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, and to the east Poland (Police County and Gryfino County). It is the largest district of Germany areawise. The district is named after the historical region of Uckermark.

Geography[edit]

The Uckermark is named after the Uecker river, which is a tributary of the Oder. The Oder River, forming the Polish border, bounds the district in the east. The district is characterised by 600 lakes and 2,800 km of rivers. Rare animals still live in the lakeland, such as ospreys, beavers and otters.

The western parts of the Lower Oder Valley National Park are located in the district.

History[edit]

The Uckermark was originally divided between the administrative units Uckerkreis and Stolpirischer Kreis. In 1817 as part of the Province of Brandenburg, a third district was created in the area, the district Angermünde, and the other two districts were renamed to Prenzlau and Templin. The current district Uckermark was created in 1993 by merging the previous districts Angermünde, Prenzlau and Templin, as well as the previously district-free city Schwedt.

Demography[edit]

Landkreis Uckermark: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 129,964—    
1890 128,385−0.08%
1910 132,931+0.17%
1925 140,942+0.39%
1933 137,444−0.31%
1939 140,502+0.37%
1946 166,690+2.47%
1950 174,223+1.11%
1964 160,730−0.57%
1971 172,776+1.04%
1981 175,927+0.18%
1985 173,993−0.28%
1989 172,982−0.15%
1990 170,409−1.49%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 165,542−2.86%
1992 165,115−0.26%
1993 163,719−0.85%
1994 162,022−1.04%
1995 160,310−1.06%
1996 159,029−0.80%
1997 157,663−0.86%
1998 155,723−1.23%
1999 154,086−1.05%
2000 151,740−1.52%
2001 148,606−2.07%
2002 145,715−1.95%
2003 143,411−1.58%
2004 141,454−1.36%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 139,326−1.50%
2006 137,209−1.52%
2007 134,958−1.64%
2008 132,837−1.57%
2009 131,115−1.30%
2010 129,738−1.05%
2011 123,731−4.63%
2012 122,484−1.01%
2013 121,326−0.95%
2014 120,829−0.41%
2015 121,014+0.15%
2016 120,878−0.11%
2017 120,349−0.44%

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The main feature of the coat of arms are the brick buildings of the district — the churches of Prenzlau and Angermünde. The city wall below recalls the many wars of the Middle Ages. The two circular windows in the church tower symbolizes the division into two districts before the reform of 1817, the three Gothic windows represent this division. On the city wall are two shields — one with the griffin of Pomerania, the other with the red eagle of Brandenburg. The wavy lines in the upper part represent the main rivers in the district, Oder, Randow, and Uecker. The yellow color of the background represents the agriculture of the district, as the Uckermark was the "granary" of Brandenburg. The coat of arms was created by Hans Benthin, and was officially granted on November 8, 1995.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Angermünde
  2. Lychen
  3. Prenzlau
  4. Schwedt
  5. Templin


Amt-free municipalities

  1. Boitzenburger Land
  2. Nordwestuckermark
  3. Uckerland

1. Brüssow (Uckermark)

  1. Brüssow1, 2
  2. Carmzow-Wallmow
  3. Göritz
  4. Schenkenberg
  5. Schönfeld

2. Gartz (Oder)

  1. Casekow
  2. Gartz1, 2
  3. Hohenselchow-Groß Pinnow
  4. Mescherin
  5. Tantow

3. Gerswalde

  1. Flieth-Stegelitz
  2. Gerswalde1
  3. Milmersdorf
  4. Mittenwalde
  5. Temmen-Ringenwalde

4. Gramzow

  1. Gramzow1
  2. Grünow
  3. Oberuckersee
  4. Randowtal
  5. Uckerfelde
  6. Zichow

5. Oder-Welse

  1. Berkholz-Meyenburg
  2. Mark Landin
  3. Passow
  4. Pinnow1
  5. Schöneberg
1seat of the Amt; 2town

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°15′N 13°52′E / 53.250°N 13.867°E / 53.250; 13.867