Udai Singh II

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Udai Singh II
Maharana
Rana-udai-singh-ii.jpg
Rana Udai Singh II
Rana of Mewar
Reign1540 – 28 February 1572
Coronation1540, Kumbalgarh
PredecessorVanvir
SuccessorPratap Singh I
Born4 August 1522
Chittor Fort, Rajasthan, Mewar
Died28 February 1572(1572-02-28) (aged 49)
Gogunda, Rajasthan, Mewar
ConsortJaivanta Bai[1]
Spouse18 or 20 queens including: Maharani Jaivanta Bai Sonigara (Chauhan)
Rani Sajjabai Solankini
Rani Dheer Bai Bhattiyani
Rani Jaivantabai Madrechi
(Rani Lalabai) Rani Lacchabai Balechi (Chouhan)
Veerbai Jhali
Lakhabai Jhali[2]
Issue17 or 24 sons, including:
Pratap Singh
Shakti Singh
Vikramdev Singh
Jagmal Singh
Sagar Singh
Rai Singh
Shardul Singh
[2]
DynastySisodia
FatherRana Sanga
MotherMaharani Karmavati Hada (Chauhan) daughter of Rao Nirbudh of Bundi.
ReligionHinduism
Sisodia Rajputs of Mewar II
(1326–1884)
Hammir Singh (1326–1364)
Kshetra Singh (1364–1382)
Lakha Singh (1382–1421)
Mokal Singh (1421–1433)
Rana Kumbha (1433–1468)
Udai Singh I (1468–1473)
Rana Raimal (1473–1508)
Rana Sanga (1508–1527)
Ratan Singh II (1528–1531)
Vikramaditya Singh (1531–1536)
Vanvir Singh (1536–1540)
Udai Singh II (1540–1572)
Pratap Singh I (1572–1597)
Amar Singh I (1597–1620)
Karan Singh II (1620–1628)
Jagat Singh I (1628–1652)
Raj Singh I (1652–1680)
Jai Singh (1680–1698)
Amar Singh II (1698–1710)
Sangram Singh II (1710–1734)
Jagat Singh II (1734–1751)
Pratap Singh II (1751–1754)
Raj Singh II (1754–1762)
Ari Singh II (1762–1772)
Hamir Singh II (1772–1778)
Bhim Singh (1778–1828)
Jawan Singh (1828–1838)
Sardar Singh (1828–1842)
Swarup Singh (1842–1861)
Shambhu Singh (1861–1874)
Sajjan Singh (1874–1884)
Fateh Singh (1884–1930)
Bhupal Singh (1930—1955)

Udai Singh II (4 August 1522 – 28 February 1572) was the Maharana of Mewar and the founder of the city of Udaipur in the present day Rajasthan state of India. He was the 53rd ruler of the Mewar dynasty. He was the fourth son of Maharana Sangram Singh (Rana Sanga)[3][non-primary source needed] and Rani Karnavati, a princess of Bundi.

Early life, marriage and parenthood[edit]

Udai Singh was born in Chittor in August 1522. After the death of his father, Rana Sanga,[4] Ratan Singh II was coronated as the new king. Ratan Singh II was assassinated in 1531. He was succeeded by his brother Maharana Vikramaditya Singh. During the reign of Vikramaditya, when the Muzaffarid Sultan of Gujarat Bahadur Shah sacked Chittor in 1534, Udai Singh was sent to Bundi for safety.[3] In 1537, Banbir killed Vikramaditya and usurped the throne. He tried to kill Udai Singh also, but Udai's nurse Panna Dai sacrificed her own son Chandan to save him from his uncle Banbir and took him to Kumbhalgarh. She did not ask for anything in return either. She started living in Bundi and did not allow Udai Singh to come and meet her. He lived secretly in Kumbhalgarh for two years, disguised as a nephew of the governor Asha Shah Depura (Maheshwari).

In 1540, he was crowned in Kumbhalgarh by the nobles of Mewar. His eldest son Maharana Pratap from his first wife, Maharani Jaivantabai Songara (daughter of Akhey Raj Songara of Jalore), was born in the same year.[5][non-primary source needed] He had 24 sons. His second wife, Sajjabai Solankini gave birth to his son Shakti Singh, Sagar Singh and Vikram Dev. Dheerbai Bhattiyani was his favourite wife and was the mother of his son Jagmal Singh . His fourth wife was Rani Veerbai Jhaala.[6]

The reign[edit]

In 1544 Udai Singh surrendered the keys of Chittor to Sher Shah Suri.[7][8]

In 1557, he was defeated by Maldeo Rathore at the Battle of Harmada and lost Merta to him.[9][10]

In 1562, he gave refuge to Baz Bahadur of Malwa. In September 1567, his son Shakti Singh came to him from Dhaulpur and told him of Akbar's plan to capture Chittor.[11]

According to Kaviraj Shyamaldas, Udai Singh called a council of war. The nobles advised him to take refuge along with the princes in the hills, leaving a garrison at Chittor. On 23 October 1567 Akbar formed his camp near Chittor. Udai Singh retired to Gogunda (which later became his temporary capital) leaving Chittor in the hands of his loyal chieftains Rao Jaimal and Patta. Akbar captured Chittor after a four-month-long siege on 23 February 1568.[12] He later shifted his capital to Udaipur. He died in 1572 in Gogunda. Before his death, Jagmal tried to seize the throne but the nobles of Mewar prevented Jagmal from succeeding and placed Maharana Pratap Singh on the throne on 1 March 1572.[5]

In popular culture[edit]

In the 2013 television serial, Bharat Ka Veer Putra – Maharana Pratap, Udai Singh II was portrayed by Shakti Anand.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rana, Bhawan Singh (2004). Maharana Pratap. Diamond Pocket Books. pp. 28, 105. ISBN 9788128808258.
  2. ^ a b Rana 2004, p. 17
  3. ^ a b Tod, James (1829, reprint 2002). Annals & Antiquities of Rajasthan, Vol.I, Rupa, New Delhi, ISBN 81-7167-366-X, p.240-52
  4. ^ Mahajan V.D. (1991, reprint 2007) History of Medieval India, Part II, S. Chand, New Delhi, ISBN 81-219-0364-5, p.11
  5. ^ a b Tod, James (1829, reprint 2002). Annals & Antiquities of Rajas'than, Vol.I, Rupa, New Delhi, ISBN 81-7167-366-X, p.252-64
  6. ^ Rana 2004, p. 28
  7. ^ History of Medieval India: From 1000 A.D. to 1707 A.D. By Radhey Shyam Chaurasia pg.181
  8. ^ The Cambridge History of India pg.55
  9. ^ Akbarnama II pg 72
  10. ^ Jodhpur Khyat pg 76
  11. ^ Rana 2004, p.31
  12. ^ persian.packhum.org/persian/main?url=pf%3Ffile%3D00701022%26ct%3D118

External links[edit]

Udai Singh II
Born: 4 August 1522 Died: 28 February 1572
Preceded by
Vikramaditya Singh
Sisodia Rajput Ruler
1540–1572
Succeeded by
Pratap Singh I