|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
Admiral Vinogradov underway.
|Completed:||13 (including 1 Udaloy II)|
|Type:||Anti Submarine Warfare Destroyer with Anti-Ship capabilities|
|Length:||163 m (535 ft)|
|Beam:||19.3 m (63 ft)|
|Draught:||6.2 m (20 ft)|
|Propulsion:||2 shaft COGAG, 4 gas turbines, 120,000 hp|
|Speed:||35 kn (65 km/h; 40 mph)|
|Range:||10,500 nmi (19,400 km; 12,100 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)|
|Aircraft carried:||2 Ka-27 'Helix' series helicopters|
|Aviation facilities:||helicopter deck and hangar|
The Udaloy I class are a series of anti-submarine destroyers built for the Soviet Navy, eight of which are currently in service with the Russian Navy. The Russian designation is Project 1155 Fregat (Frigate bird). Twelve ships were built between 1980 and 1991, while a thirteenth ship built to a modified design as the Udaloy II class followed in 1999. They complement the Sovremennyy-class destroyer in anti-aircraft warfare and anti-surface warfare operations.
The Project 1155 dates to the 1970s when it was concluded that it was too costly to build large-displacement, multi-role combatants. The concept of a specialized surface ship was developed by Soviet designers. Two different types of warships were laid down which were designed by the Severnoye Design Bureau: Project 956 destroyer and Project 1155 large anti-submarine ship. The Udaloy class are generally considered the Soviet equivalent of the American Spruance-class destroyers. There are variations in SAM and air search radar among units of the class. Based on the Krivak class, the emphasis on anti-submarine warfare (ASW) left these ships with limited anti-surface and anti-air capabilities.
Following Udaloy 's commissioning, designers began developing an upgrade package in 1982 to provide more balanced capabilities with a greater emphasis on anti-shipping. The Project 1155.1 Fregat II Class Large ASW Ship (NATO Codename Udaloy II) is roughly the counterpart of the Improved Spruance class; only one was originally completed, but in 2006 Admiral Kharlamov was reported to have been upgraded to a similar standard. In April 2010 Severnaya Verf shipyard announced that the destroyer Vice-Admiral Kulakov, which had been retired in 1990, was being upgraded to Udaloy II standard and will resume patrolling in 2013.
Similar to Udaloy externally, it was a new configuration replacing the SS-N-14 with SS-N-22 "Sunburn" (Moskit) antiship missiles, a twin 130 mm gun, UDAV-1 antitorpedo rockets, and gun/SAM CIWS systems. A standoff ASW capability is retained by firing SS-N-15 missiles from the torpedo tubes.
Powered by a modern gas turbine engine, the Udaloy II is equipped with more capable sonars, an integrated air defense fire control system, and a number of digital electronic systems based on state-of-the-art circuitry. The original MGK-355 Polinom integrated sonar system (with NATO reporting names Horse Jaw and Horse Tail respectively for the hull mounted and towed portions) on Udaloy-I ships is replaced by its successor, a newly designed Zvezda M-2 sonar system that has a range in excess of 100 kilometres (62 mi) in the 2nd convergence zone. The Zvezda sonar system is considered by its designers to be the equivalent in terms of overall performance of the AN/SQS-53 on US destroyers, though much bulkier and heavier than its American counterpart: the length of the hull mounted portion is nearly 30 meters. The torpedo approaching warning function of the Polinom sonar system is retained and further improved by its successor.
|Udaloy I class (Russian type BPK - Large ASW Ship)|
|Udaloy||«Удалой» (bold)||23 July 1977||5 February 1980||31 December 1980||Decommissioned in 1997, scrapped at Murmansk in 2002|
|Vice-Admiral Kulakov||«Вице-адмирал Кулаков» after (Nikolay Mikhailovich Kulakov)||4 November 1977||16 May 1980||29 December 1981||Retired in 1991. Repaired, recomissioned in 2010, in service as of 2014|
|Marshal Vasilyevsky||«Маршал Василевский» after (Aleksandr Vasilevsky)||22 April 1979||29 December 1981||8 December 1983||Removed from service|
|Admiral Zakharov||«Адмирал Захаров» after (Semen Egorovich Zakharov)||16 October 1981||4 November 1982||30 December 1983||Caught fire in 1992 and scrapped|
|Admiral Spiridonov||«Адмирал Спиридонов» after (Emil Nikolayevich Spiridonov)||11 April 1982||28 April 1984||30 December 1984||Decommissioned in 2001|
|Admiral Tributs||«Адмирал Трибуц» (after Vladimir Filippovich Tributs)||19 April 1980||26 March 1983||30 December 1985||Caught fire in 1991, but returned to service. Serving with the Russian Pacific Fleet|
|Marshal Shaposhnikov||«Маршал Шапошников» (after Boris Mikhailovich Shaposhnikov)||25 May 1983||27 December 1984||30 December 1985||In service with the Russian Pacific Fleet|
|Severomorsk||«Североморск» (after Severomorsk)||12 June 1984||24 December 1985||30 December 1987||In service with the Russian Northern Fleet|
|Admiral Levchenko||«Адмирал Левченко» (after Gordey Ivanovich Levchenko)||27 January 1982||21 February 1985||30 September 1988||In service with the Russian Northern Fleet|
|Admiral Vinogradov||«Адмирал Виноградов» after (Nikolay Ignatyevich Vinogradov)||5 February 1986||4 June 1987||30 December 1988||In service with the Russian Pacific Fleet|
|Admiral Kharlamov||«Адмирал Харламов» after (Nikolay Mikhaylovich Kharlamov)||5 February 1986||4 June 1987||30 December 1988||In service with the Russian Northern Fleet|
|Admiral Panteleyev||«Адмирал Пантелеев» after (Yuriy Aleksandrovich Panteleyev)||28 January 1988||7 February 1990||19 December 1991||In service with the Russian Pacific Fleet|
|Udaloy II class|
|Admiral Chabanenko||«Адмирал Чабаненко» after (Andrey Trofimovich Chabanenko)||28 February 1989||16 June 1994||28 January 1999||In service with the Russian Northern Fleet|
|Admiral Basisty||«Адмирал Басистый» after (Nikolay Efremovich Basistyy)||1991||Scrapped in 1994|
|Admiral Kucherov||«Адмирал Кучеров» after (Stepan Grigorievich Kucherov)||1991||Scrapped in 1993|
- Противолодочные корабли, Том III, часть 1, "Корабли ВМФ СССР", Ю.В. Апалков, Санкт-Петербург, 2005
- "Russian ship enters Panama Canal". BBC News Online. December 6, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-06.
- Kramnik, Ilya (11 December 2009). "Russian Navy's days could be numbered". Moscow: RIA Novosti. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "Russian North Fleet destroyer to rejoin fleet after 18 years". Moscow: RIA Novosti. 5 April 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "Russian Naval Destroyer Moving to Mediterranean". Moscow: RIA Novosti. 29 July 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- Maritimequest Russian Destroyer Index
- Udaloy I class (Project 1155R Fregat) anti-submarine destroyer on navyrecognition.com
- http://ship.bsu.by/main.asp?id=100894 - article in Russian
- https://fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/ship/row/rus/1155_1.htm - Article from FAS in English
- http://home19.inet.tele.dk/airwing/ships/udaloy.htm - article in English
- http://www.kommersant.com/tree.asp?rubric=3&node=44&doc_id=610715 - one of several articles referring to the Admiral Tributs in service, although it is commonly believed to have never returned to service after a 1991 fire.
- (English) All Russian Udaloy Class Destroyers - Complete Ship List
Media related to Udaloy class destroyers at Wikimedia Commons