Battle of Sinhagad

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Battle of Sinhagad
Part of Imperial Maratha Conquests
DateFebruary 4, 1670
Result Maratha victory
Fort Kondhana captured by Marathas
Maratha Empire Mughal Empire
Commanders and leaders
Tanaji Malusare  
Suryaji Malusare
Shelar Mama
Uday Bhan  

The Battle of Sinhagad took place during the night on 4 February 1670 on the fort of Sinhagad near the city of Pune, Maharashtra, India.


The battle was fought between Tanaji Malusare, a Koli[1] Commander of Maratha Empire under Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj[2] and Udaybhan Rathod, a Rajput fortkeeper under Jai Singh I.

A steep cliff leading to the fort was scaled at night with the help of a tamed monitor lizard named "Yashwanti", to whom the Marathas attached a rope and sent to scale the wall with its claws.[3] A fierce battle ensued between Tanaji and his men versus the Mughal army headed by Udaybhan Singh Rathore, who had control of the fort. The sudden attack of the Marathas took the Mughal troops by surprise, some of whom fled while remaining were killed by Tanaji and his soldiers.

Thereafter, Tanaji and Udaybhan had a duel in which Tanaji's shield broke apart so he wrapped his one hand in his turban cloth and used it to ward attacks from Udaybhan, after a lengthy fight Tanaji Malusare lost his life due to no proper shield protection but before his death he fatally wounded Udaybhan thus allowing Shelar Mama to kill him. Tanaji's brother Suryaji then defeated the remaining Mughal forces and took over the Kondana fort. Shivaji then renamed it as Sinhagad ( Lion's Fort) as a tribute to Tanaji.[4]

A bust of Tanaji Malusare was established on the fort in the memory of his contribution to the battle.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hardiman, David (2007). Histories for the Subordinated. Seagull Books. ISBN 9781905422388.
  2. ^ Gordon, Stewart (1993). The Marathas 1600-1818. 2. Cambridge University Press. p. 79. ISBN 9780521033169.
  3. ^ The Dawn and Dawn Society's Magazine. 1907. pp. 1–.
  4. ^ Sudheer Birodkar. "Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj and the National Revival under the Marathas". Archived from the original on 2000-09-30. Retrieved 2009-02-12.
  5. ^ Verma, Amrit. Forts of India. New Delhi: The Director, Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. pp. 83–86. ISBN 81-230-1002-8.