Udayaditya

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Udayaditya
King of Malwa
Reign c. 1060 – c. 1086 CE
Predecessor Jayasimha I
Successor Lakshmadeva
Dynasty Paramara

Udayaditya (reigned c. 1060–1086) was a Paramara ruler of Malwa region of central India, who succeeded Jayasimha I. He was succeeded by his son, Lakshmadeva.

Situation after Bhoja's death[edit]

Shiva temple at Udaipur, Madhya Pradesh

The Udaipur Prashasti inscription says that at Bhoja's death " Dhara was filled with a dense darkness by his foes and his hereditary warriors become infirm in body. Then arose king Udayaditya, another sun as it were, destroying the dense darkness......and gladdening the sight of his people by his splendour". According to the Nagpur inscription, "when he(Bhoja) had become Indra's companion, when the realm was overrun by floods in which its sovereign was submerged, his relative Udayaditya become king delivering the earth which was troubled by kings and taken possession of by Karna...... joined by Karnatas."

Merutunga in his Prabandha Chintamani confirms this fact, stating that at Bhoja's death Karna and Bhimadeva of Gujarat were allies.The friendship and alliances between these two did not last long as the same author tells us that Bhima, not long last after, threatened Karna who came to terms and presented Bhimadeva with a golden litter which he had taken from Bhoja.

The Karnata mentioned as an ally of Karna would appear to be the Hoysala Yadava price Ereyanga. A record of this house states that Ereyanga in a conquest of the north, took Dhara the stronghold of Lords of Malwa, which had made prosperous by king Bhoja.

Reign[edit]

The fame of Udayaaditya as delivering Dhar and Malwa generally from a foreign yoke has given him a position of exaggerated importance. In his deliverance Dhar, this king was assisted by the Vikramaditya VI of Kalyani Chalukya[citation needed]. In the Vikramankadevacharita of Bilhana, Vikramaditya is said to have lent his assistance to the Malwa king, while his father Someshvara I was still ruling.[citation needed]

"He (Vikramaditya VI) placed the suppliant king (of Dhar) on his throne, free of all fear from enemies."

[citation needed]

This shows that ancient feud that existed between rulers of Dhar and Kalyana was then in abeyance[citation needed].

Personal life[edit]

Udayaditya appears to have had the hereditary fondness for literature and art, and to have brought up his sons as scholars, and his second son Naravarman is believed to have been the author of more than one Prashasti.

Udayaditya's predecessor Jayasimha is known from the Mandhata inscription of 1055 CE. However, other Paramara inscriptions (including those of Udayaditya) do not mention Jayasimha. Udayaditya is now known to be Bhoja's brother,[1] based on the Jainad inscription which names Udayaditya as Jagaddeva's father and Bhoja as Jagaddeva's paternal uncle.[2] It may thus be surmised that the direct line ended with Jayasimha, and Udayaditya started a collateral branch of the dynasty.

Udayaditya had three sons Lakshmadeva, Naravarman, Jagdeva, and one daughter. The elder sons in turn succeeded their father while the daughter, Shyamaladevi, was married to the Gohi prince Vijaysinha and become the mother of Alhandevi afterwards wife of the Chedi king Gayakarnadeva.

Coinage[edit]

The gold coins issued by Udayaditya are of 4.05 g weight. On the obverse of these coins the image of seated Lakshmi is depicted. On the reverse, the Devanagari legend, Shrimad Udayadeva is inscribed in three lines.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Trivedi 1991, p. 63.
  2. ^ Trivedi 1991, pp. 93-97.
  3. ^ Deyell, John S. (1999). Living without Silver: Monetary History of Early Medieval North India, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-564983-4, pp.134,353

Bibliography[edit]