Udbina

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Udbina
Удбина (Serbian)[1]
Church of Croatian Martyrs built in Udbina in honour of the people who died in the Battle of Krbava.
Church of Croatian Martyrs built in Udbina in honour of the people who died in the Battle of Krbava.
The Udbina municipality within Lika-Senj County
The Udbina municipality within Lika-Senj County
Udbina is located in Croatia
Udbina
Udbina
Location in Croatia
Coordinates: 44°31′50″N 15°45′56″E / 44.5306°N 15.7656°E / 44.5306; 15.7656
Country  Croatia
County Lika-Senj County
Government
 • Mayor Ivan Pešut (HDZ)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,874
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Udbina is a village and a municipality in the Lika region of Croatia. It is an administratively part of in the Lika-Senj County.

Geography[edit]

The village is located in the large karst field called Krbava. The field has a small airport, the only one in Lika.

History[edit]

The Krbava field and Udbina itself was the location of a medieval bishopric and the Battle of Krbava field of September 9, 1493, where the Croats under ban Emerik Derenčin (Hungarian: Imre Derencsényi) and the Frankopans suffered one of the major defeats at the hands of the Ottoman Empire. Udbina was managed by Ottomans between 1527-1689 (nominally to 1699) and included to the Sanjak of Lika in the Eyalet of Bosnia.

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Udbina was part of the Lika-Krbava County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. According to the 1910 census, Udbina was inhabited by a Croat majority and Serb minority; 1244 were Catholics and 231 were Orthodox.[2]

During World War II, Udbina was part of the Independent State of Croatia. In December 1942, the Croatian population was expelled from the town.[3][dead link][why?] The Catholic Church of St. Nicholas was subsequently destroyed.[4] The Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas (filial of the Church of the Holy Transfiguration of Mutilić) was destroyed in World War II.[5]

After World War II, Serbs became the majority of the population. Serbs were the majority of the population according to the 1961–91 censuses, with smaller numbers of Croats and Muslims. During Socialist Yugoslavia, Udbina had a football club named "Krbava". The settlement of Udbina was part of the Korenica municipality.

Udbina was under control of the Republic of Serbian Krajina during the Croatian War of Independence (1991-95). The local airport was used as airbase for offensive operations against Croatia and Bosnia, in direct defiance of NATO's Operation Deny Flight. The airstrip was eventually disabled by a 39 aircraft-strong strike on 21 November 1994.[6] It was captured by Croatian forces during the Operation Storm on 7 August 1995.

The Roman Catholic Church in Croatia built the "Church of Croatian Martyrs" in Udbina after the war, to commemorate the Battle of Krbava Field in 1493 and Croatian War.

Settlements[edit]

The settlements in the municipality are (2011 census):[7]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, there were 1,874 residents in the municipality, of which 51% Serbs and 45% Croats.[8]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PETO IZVJEŠĆE REPUBLIKE HRVATSKE O PRIMJENI EUROPSKE POVELJE O REGIONALNIM ILI MANJINSKIM JEZICIMA, page 36" (PDF). Retrieved 30 May 2015. 
  2. ^ Попис становништва Краљевине Угарске/Краљевина Хрватска и Славонија страна 659
  3. ^ "Udbina bi mogla postati snažno središte vjerničkih hodočašća" (PDF). Vjesnik (in Croatian). 2003-09-06. p. 05A5. 
  4. ^ "SVEČANO BLAGOSLOVLJENO GRADILIŠTE I TEMELJNI KAMEN CRKVE HRVATSKIH MUČENIKA NA UDBINI: »Neka ova crkva bude simbol našega zajedništva«". Glas Koncila (in Croatian). 18 September 2005. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  5. ^ Филијални храм Св. оца Николаја на Удбини (срушен у Другом свјетском рату) (Serbian), Eparchy of upper Karlovac
  6. ^ Tim Ripley; Mark Rolfe (2013) [2001]. Conflict in the Balkans 1991-2000. Osprey Publishing. pp. 21–24 (2001). ISBN 978-1-4728-0383-2. 
  7. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Udbina". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  8. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Lika-Senj". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.