Udbina

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Udbina
Удбина (Serbian)[1]
Church of Croatian Martyrs built in Udbina in honour of the people who died in the Battle of Krbava.
Church of Croatian Martyrs built in Udbina in honour of the people who died in the Battle of Krbava.
The Udbina municipality within Lika-Senj County
The Udbina municipality within Lika-Senj County
Udbina is located in Croatia
Udbina
Udbina
Location in Croatia
Coordinates: 44°31′50″N 15°45′56″E / 44.5306°N 15.7656°E / 44.5306; 15.7656
Country  Croatia
County Lika-Senj County
Government
 • Mayor Ivan Pešut (HDZ)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,874
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Udbina is a village and a municipality in the Lika region of Croatia. It is an administratively part of in the Lika-Senj County.

Geography[edit]

The village is located in the large karst field called Krbava. The field has a small airport, the only one in Lika.

History[edit]

The Krbava field and Udbina itself was the location of a medieval bishopric and the Battle of Krbava field of 9 September 1493, where the Croats under ban Emerik Derenčin (Hungarian: Imre Derencsényi) and the Frankopans suffered one of the major defeats at the hands of the Ottoman Empire. Udbina was managed by Ottomans between 1527-1689 (nominally to 1699) and included to the Sanjak of Lika in the Eyalet of Bosnia.

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Udbina was part of the Lika-Krbava County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.

During World War II, Udbina was part of the Independent State of Croatia. The Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas (filial of the Church of the Holy Transfiguration of Mutilić) was destroyed during World War II and many local serbs were killed by Ustaše.[2] St Nicholas Roman Catholic church was destroyed in 1947.[3]

Before and after World War II, Serbs comprised Udbina's majority, as confirmed by 1931 [4] and 1961–91 censuses, with smaller numbers of Croats and Muslims. In Yugoslavia, Udbina had a football club named "Krbava". The settlement of Udbina was part of the Korenica municipality. Udbina was under control of the Republic of Serbian Krajina during the Croatian War of Independence (1991–95). The local airport was used as airbase for offensive operations against Croatia and Bosnia, in direct defiance of NATO's Operation Deny Flight. The airstrip was eventually disabled by a 39 aircraft-strong strike on 21 November 1994.[5] It was captured by Croatian forces during the Operation Storm on 7 August 1995 when most of Serbs living in Udbina escaped from invading forces.

Settlements[edit]

The settlements in the municipality are (2011 census):[6]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, there were 1,874 residents in the municipality, of which 51% were Serbs and 45% were Croats.[7]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]