||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (March 2015)|
Overlooking the centre of Uddevalla
|County||Västra Götaland County|
|• Total||16.92 km2 (6.53 sq mi)|
|Population (31 December 2010)|
|• Density||1,845/km2 (4,780/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
It is located at the bay of the south-eastern part of the sea known as Skagerrak. The beaches of Uddevalla are filled with seashells and Uddevalla has one of the largest shell-banks in the world.
Uddevalla has a small port and once hosted a large shipyard, called Uddevallavarvet, which in 1960 was the largest employer in Bohuslän. However, in the 1970s all shipyards in Sweden experienced a recession which also led to the closure of Uddevallavarvet later in 1985.
Uddevalla got its city rights in 1498, but was probably a place of trade long before that. Historically, Uddevalla was part of Norway. Because of its location close to Sweden and Denmark it was often besieged. In 1612 it was burnt by Swedish troops under the command of Jesper Mattson Krus and in 1644 it was again burnt, this time by the Swedish commander Harald Stake. In 1658, at the treaty of Roskilde, it was ceded to Sweden. A year later the Norwegians retook it, but in 1660 it was once again ceded to Sweden in the peace treaty of Copenhagen. Norway later repeatedly reconquered Uddevalla and the nearby fortress on Galleberg, the last time in 1788.
In the 18th and 19th century, Uddevalla's main importance lay in its herring fishing. But what also marked the city were the great fires which several times damaged the city. Most notably in 1806, when the entire city, four houses spared, was burnt to the ground, and 4,000 people were made homeless.
In the 19th century, Uddevalla had trouble getting out of its recession and struggled with poverty and alcoholism. The reasons were mainly that the herring fishing had decreased, the canal of Trollhättan opened, together with the after effects of the 1806 fire.
Sometime around 1870-1880, Uddevalla began to attract industries. Much of the development in that century can be attributed to the Scottish businessman William Thorburn, who is said to have been amazed by the city's beauty and hence settled there with his wife Jessy Macfie in 1822. He founded a number of industries, mostly textile in the beginning. Another factor contributing to Uddevalla's recovery was the railroad, the Bohus Line. A prominent individual in Uddevalla history was Ture Malmgren, newspaper publisher and progressive liberal politician.
After the Swedish shipyard crisis in the 1980s, forcing the closure of Uddevallavarvet, Uddevalla suffered an economic setback. The population has been steady, slowly increasing, over the last thirty years.
All the high schools in Uddevalla have been united under one name, Uddevalla Gymnasieskola (High School of Uddevalla), which is now the largest high school in Sweden, with 4000 students, divided as follows:
- Agneberg - Social studies
- Sinclair (High school) - The arts and Media studies
- Östrabo 1 - Science studies
- Östrabo Y - Preparation for work in heavy industry.
- Margretegärde - Social studies and Science studies.
There are also many primary schools in Uddevalla, for example Äsperödskolan, Västerskolan, Fridaskolan, Ramnerödsskolan, Norgårdenskolan, Norrskolan, Sommarhemsskolan.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Uddevalla is twinned with:
- Thisted, Denmark
- Skien, Norway
- Loimaa, Finland
- Mosfellsbær, Iceland
- Okazaki, Japan
- Irvine, United Kingdom
- Jõhvi, Estonia
The following sports clubs are located in Uddevalla:
- Tureborg Castle
- Ture Valleys
- Jeanna Oterdahl
- Eastern Cemetery
- Uddevalla Suffrage Association
- "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- Thorburn, Frank (2010). "Thorburn-Macfie Family Society". thorburn-macfie.se. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- "World Cup 1958 finals". rsssf.com. 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- "Uddevalla’s Twin Cities Outside Nordic Countries" (PDF). Uddevalla kommun. 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- This article contains content from the Owl Edition of Nordisk familjebok, a Swedish encyclopedia published between 1904 and 1926, now in the public domain.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Uddevalla.|
- Article Uddevalla, from NF
- Uddevalla Gymnasieskola Official site for Uddevalla Gymnasieskola
- Official website of Uddevalla