Overlooking the centre of Uddevalla
|County||Västra Götaland County|
|• Total||16.92 km2 (6.53 sq mi)|
|Population (31 December 2010)|
|• Density||1,845/km2 (4,780/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Uddevalla has a port and it once had a large shipyard, the Uddevallavarvet ("Uddevalla wharf"), which was the largest employer in Bohuslän during the 1960s. The 1970s recession, that affected the Swedish shipyard industry severely, led to the closing of the wharf in 1985.
Uddevalla received its town privileges in 1498, but it was probably a place for trade long before that. Formerly, Uddevalla belonged to Norway, and its name today comes from the original Norwegian Oddevald. Due to its close location to Sweden and Denmark, it was often besieged. In 1612, it was burnt down by Swedish troops led by Jesper Mattson Krus and in 1644, it was once again burnt down, this time by Swedish commander Harald Stake. In 1658, it was ceded to Sweden at the treaty of Roskilde. The Norwegians recaptured the town a year later, and in 1660, it was once again ceded to Sweden at the peace treaty of Copenhagen. Later, Norway annexed Uddevalla and the nearby fortress on the Galleberg repeatedly, the last time in 1788.
In the 18th and 19th century, Uddevalla's main source of income was herring fishing. The town was also noted for the great fires that damaged the city on several occasions. The most devastating fire was in 1806, when the whole town burned to the ground. Only four houses were left untouched and 4,000 people became homeless.
During the 19th century, Uddevalla had trouble getting out of its own recession, poverty and alcoholism were widespread among the population. The reasons were mainly the aftermath of the fire in 1806, the decrease in herring fishing and the opening of the Trollhätte Canal.
In 1870–80, Uddevalla began to attract new industries. Much of that development can be attributed to the Scottish businessman William Thorburn, who is said to have been amazed by the town's beauty and therefore settled down in Uddevalla with his wife Jessy Macfie in 1822. He founded a number of industries, starting mostly with textile companies. The building of a new railroad, the Bohus Line, also contributed to the town's recovering economy. A prominent person in Uddevalla's history was Ture Malmgren, newspaper publisher and progressive liberal politician.
After the Swedish shipyard crisis during the 1980s, resulting in the closing of the Uddevallavarvet, Uddevalla suffered an economic setback. Over the thirty years following that, the town has recovered and the population is once again increasing, slowly but steadily.
All the high schools in Uddevalla are administered as one school, the Uddevalla Gymnasieskola ("Uddevalla High School"), which is now the largest high school in Sweden. The school has 4,000 students attending the following branches of the high school:
- Agneberg – Social studies
- Sinclair (High school) – The arts and Media studies
- Östrabo 1 – Science studies
- Östrabo Y – Heavy industry schooling
- Margretegärde – Social studies and Science studies
There are also many primary schools in Uddevalla, some of them are:
Twin towns — Sister cities
Uddevalla is twinned with:
- Thisted, Denmark
- Skien, Norway
- Loimaa, Finland
- Mosfellsbær, Iceland
- Okazaki, Japan
- Irvine, United Kingdom
- Jõhvi, Estonia
The home ground for the IK Oddevold is the outdoor arena Rimnersvallen. A large indoor arena, the Rimnershallen, is next to the Rimnersvallen. It is used for handball and floorball as well as other sports.
The following sports clubs are located in Uddevalla:
- Tureborg Castle
- Ture Valleys
- Jeanna Oterdahl
- Eastern Cemetery
- Uddevalla Suffrage Association
- "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- Thorburn, Frank (2010). "Thorburn-Macfie Family Society". thorburn-macfie.se. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- "World Cup 1958 finals". rsssf.com. 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015.
- "Uddevalla's Twin Cities Outside Nordic Countries" (PDF). Uddevalla kommun. 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- This article contains content from the Owl Edition of Nordisk familjebok, a Swedish encyclopedia published between 1904 and 1926, now in the public domain.
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