|• Body||Udgir Municipal Council|
|• Mayor||Baswaraj Bagbande|
|Elevation||632 m (2,073 ft)|
|• Also spoken||Kannada|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Latur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Udgir|
Udgir is a city with a municipal council in Latur district in the Indian States and territories of India of Maharashtra. It is located in the Marathwada division of the state (one of the divisions of Maharashtra state based on geographical conditions). It is also the headquarters for the Udgir subdivision and Udgir Taluka. It is the center point where the people of two states Telangana and Karnataka comes to weekly market.It is located very near the Karnataka border. The town is famous for the historical Udgir Fort.
The population of the town is 2,00,111 according to 2014 census data of which 100,148 are males and 99,963 are females. From 2001 to 2014 the population of Udgir saw an increase of 27.98%. Literacy increased from 74.21% in 2001 to 85.78% in 2011. Udgir has an average literacy rate of 85.78%, which is higher than the national average percentage: male literacy is 91.59%, and female literacy is 79.43%. According to the 2011 census, Udgir has 13% population under 6 years of age. The main source of income is from agriculture and small scale industries. This town is popular for its inventory in grain materials which is the result of high grain crop production in nearby 214 villages, including Belshakarga, Dhondi Hipparga, Dongarshelki, Halli, Handarguli, Manjari, Mogha, Nalgir, Nideban, Pimpri, Rawangaon, Shekapur, Shelhal, Somnathpur, Tadlapur, Takali (Udgir), Tiwatgyal, Togari, Tondar, Tondchir, Wagdari, Yenki, Malewadi and Loni.
Udgir is famous for the historic war between the Marathas and the Nizam, led by Sadashivrao Bhau who defeated Nizam in 1759 when the treaty of Udgir was signed. Marathas won a convincing victory in the battle of Udgir under the able leadership of brave warrior Sadashivrao Bhau. Later it prompted Peshwe (Peshwas) of Pune to promote/elevate and designate him as Chief Commander of the Maratha Army for the Third Battle of Panipat fought in 1761. Nevertheless, it was part of Nizam until 1948 and State of Hyderabad between 1948 and 1956 before annexing to Bombay State with entire Marathwada.
Shri Hawagi Swami temple one of the oldest temple of Hawagi Swami Maharaj, and Hazrath Khaja Sadharudeen Basha Dargha Sherif, which about 400 years old; are also located in the town.
The fort of Udgir still stands in all its glory, speaking volumes about the Indian history and Indian culture. The fort is bounded by a 40-foot-deep trench, as the fort is built at the ground level. In the fort are several palaces, Durbar halls and the grave of Udaygiri Maharaj which is 60 feet below ground level. It is believed that the Udgir fort has a direct deep underground soorang (tunnel) connection with Bhalki and the Bidar forts.
Udgir is famous in Latur District for its primary school education. It has many good primary and secondary schools, and many higher studies institutes and colleges.
List of important schools:
- Sane Guruji primary & high school ,udgir
- Shri Chhatrapati Shahu Vidyayalay, Udgir
- Times Public School,Udgir
- Al-ameen Primary School , Udgir
- Baghirath High School, Udgir
- Vidya Vardhini High School, Udgir
- Vidya Vardhini English School, Udgir
- Lal Bahadur Shastri Vidyalaya High School, Udgir
- Deccan High School, Udgir
- Jamhoor High School, Udgir
- Dr. Syed Mohammed Memorial Primary School, Udgir
- Shymlal Smarak Vidyalaya High School, Udgir
- Sangram Smarak Vidyalaya, Udgir
- Rajarshi Shahu Vidyalaya, Udgir
- Gnanodaya High School, Udgir
- Bright Star High School, Udgir
- Zila Parishad (boys) High School, Udgir
- Uday high school, Udgir
List of important colleges:
- College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (COVAS), Udgir:Government College, Constituent college of Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University (MAFSU), Nagpur
- College of Fishery Science (COFS), Udgir:Government College, Constituent college of Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University (MAFSU), Nagpur
- College of Dairy Technology (CDT), Udgir:Government College, Constituent college of Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University (MAFSU), Nagpur
- Shivaji Mahavidyalay, Udgir
- Maharashtra Udaygiri College, Udgir
- Swami Vivekanand College of Information & Technology, Udgir
- Dhanvantari Ayurvedic College, Udgir
- Maharashtra Udaygiri College of Engineering & Management, Udgir
- Rajiv Gandhi Polytechnic College, Udgir[www.rgpudgir.org]
- LalBahadur Shastri College of Polytechnic, Udgir
- Hawgiswamy College of Arts, Science & Commerce, Udgir
- Shyamlal Junior College, Udgir
- Matrabhumi College, Udgir
Railways: Direct trains are available to Udgir from Hyderabad, Aurangabad, Pune, Mumbai, Bangalore, Latur, Nanded, Osmanabad, Kakinada and Tirupati. Udgir falls under the divisional headquarters of South Central Railway.
Roadways: Udgir is 590 kilometers east of Mumbai (the state capital) by road. It is a 7-hour drive from Aurangabad, 8 hours from Pune and 4 hours from Hyderabad. Maharashtra State bus services operate day and night in and out of Udgir, providing easy overnight connectivity with almost every major city in Maharashtra and nearby states.
Airways: The nearest domestic airport is at Latur (65 km) from Udgir and another airport is at Nanded (120 km), from where daily flights for Mumbai are available. The nearest international and also another domestic airport to Udgir is at Hyderabad (210 kilometers).
The main occupation of the people of Udgir is agriculture as most of the rural area surrounding Udgir is rainfed and marginal and small farmers make up the rural setting. The soil as a part of Deccan plateau is black basalt soil, rich in humus. It is best suitable for the cultivation of cotton. The main crops cultivated here are whole grains including jowar, bajra, wheat, sorghum, mung, tur, urad gram, soyabean, sugar cane, onions and other green leafy vegetables.
A dairy was established in the early 1980s and soared high in milk and milk products production. The dairy also emerged as a major employment resource for rural Udgirkars. Due to gradually lowered production, the dairy is at a standstill nowadays. Dairy comes under the project of state government run project Aarey which was institutionalised during the White Revolution days.
Agriculture-based businesses like pulses (dal) industry, warehouses, cold storage, sugar factories run here. Udgir has around 80 dal (mils) processing units.
The cinema halls in town are:
- Miraj cinemas Usha - Multi-screen, 70MM, A/C, 3D cinema
- Kalpana - 70MM, A/C
- RK Multiplex
- Uma - 70MM, A/C
- Jagruti - 70MM
- "Assembly Constituencies-Post delimitation: Maharashtra: Latur District" (PDF). National Informatics Centre, Government of India.
- Udgīr (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.