Udhampur

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Udhampur
Urban area
Krimchi Temples
Krimchi Temples
Udhampur is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Udhampur
Udhampur
Udhampur is located in India
Udhampur
Udhampur
Coordinates: 32°54′58″N 75°08′31″E / 32.915977°N 75.141937°E / 32.915977; 75.141937Coordinates: 32°54′58″N 75°08′31″E / 32.915977°N 75.141937°E / 32.915977; 75.141937
CountryIndia
Union territoryJammu and Kashmir
DistrictUdhampur District
Founded byRaja Udham Singh
Named forRaja Udham Singh
Government
 • BodyUdhampur Municipal Committee
Area
 • Total30.42 km2 (11.75 sq mi)
Elevation
755 m (2,477 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total91,366
 • Density3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Udhampuri, Udhampuria, Udhampuriya
Languages
 • OfficialDogri, Hindi, Urdu, Kashmiri, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
182101 (Udhampur)
Telephone code91-1992
Vehicle registrationJK-14

Udhampur (ˌʊd̪ʱəmpur) is a city and a municipal committee in Udhampur district in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Named after Raja Udham Singh, it serves as the district capital and the Northern Command headquarters of the Indian Army. A Forward Base Support Unit (FBSU) of the Indian Air Force is also stationed here. Udhampur is used by the Armed Forces as a transit point between Jammu and Srinagar when travelling by road on National Highway 1A.

Geography[edit]

The district of Udhampur is located in the Shivalik range of Himalayas and the terrain is mostly mountainous. The upper reaches of the district experience snowfall in the winter season.[2] The city itself is in a relatively flatter part of the district at an elevation of 756 metres (2480 feet) and it rarely experiences any snowfall.

Administration[edit]

The town of Udhampur is governed by Udhampur Municipal Committee with 22 municipal wards.

Climate[edit]

The city's climate is subtropical. Summer temperatures may exceed 40 degrees while temperatures below freezing have been recorded in winter. The annual rainfall is 130 cm, mainly in monsoons and winters. Central Udhampur rarely experiences snowfall, though its outer regions do occasionally. Due to changing climate patterns, heavier snowfall has been experienced in recent years. In 2011, there was about 15 cm snow. Heavy hailstorms with piles of hail can be experienced in February and March.

Climate data for Udhampur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24
(75)
29
(84)
33
(91)
39
(102)
40.5
(104.9)
40.9
(105.6)
41
(106)
38
(100)
32
(90)
31
(88)
29
(84)
25
(77)
41
(106)
Average high °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
21.9
(71.4)
26.6
(79.9)
32.9
(91.2)
38.3
(100.9)
40.6
(105.1)
35.5
(95.9)
33.7
(92.7)
33.6
(92.5)
31.7
(89.1)
26.8
(80.2)
21.1
(70.0)
30.1
(86.2)
Average low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
9.7
(49.5)
13.6
(56.5)
19.0
(66.2)
24.4
(75.9)
26.8
(80.2)
24.5
(76.1)
24.0
(75.2)
23.0
(73.4)
18.4
(65.1)
12.6
(54.7)
8.5
(47.3)
17.7
(63.9)
Record low °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−3
(27)
3
(37)
6
(43)
7
(45)
13
(55)
13
(55)
8
(46)
12
(54)
4
(39)
2
(36)
−3
(27)
−4.4
(24.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 50.0
(1.97)
46.4
(1.83)
53.2
(2.09)
26.3
(1.04)
16.0
(0.63)
51.8
(2.04)
283.4
(11.16)
644.5
(25.37)
123.9
(4.88)
38.1
(1.50)
11.9
(0.47)
42.2
(1.66)
1,387.7
(54.63)
Source 1: BBC Weather[failed verification]
Source 2: [3][failed verification]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 Indian census, Udhampur urban area has a population of 91,366, of which 35,507 live in the Udhampur Municipal Council area, 48,508 live in Udhampur's out-growths, and 5,743 live in Rehambal.[1] Males constitute 60.2% of the population and females 39.8%.[1] The large male percentage is due to the army constituting a large part of the city's population. Udhampur has an average literacy rate of 91.5%. The dominant religion in the city is Hinduism.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1911 2,360—    
1921 2,390+0.13%
1931 3,633+4.28%
1941 4,666+2.53%
1951 7,464+4.81%
1961 10,263+3.24%
1971 16,392+4.79%
1981 28,652+5.74%
2001 86,299+5.67%
2011 91,366+0.57%
Source: [1]
Religions in Udhampur City
Religion Percent
Hindus
89.5%
Muslims
6.4%
Sikhs
2.5%
Others
1.5%

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Udhampur is located on National Highway NH-44, which is the only national highway that connects Srinagar to the rest of India. Bus services (both private and state owned) are the most common mode of public transportation to and from Udhampur. Frequent connections to the Kashmir Valley and Jammu are available. Taxi services are also available for going to Jammu and Srinagar and other nearby towns, and minibuses operate within the city.

Rail[edit]

Udhampur is connected to Jammu which is the winter capital of UT Jammu and Kashmir in India. The Uttar Sampark Kranti Express train from New Delhi was the first train to run on this link in 2005. More than a dozen long-distance trains either originate from Udhampur railway terminus or connect Udhampur to the rest of India. Commuter unreserved passenger trains link Jammu and Udhampur.

The project to connect Udhampur to the Kashmir valley by railway track is progressing. The railway line has been laid to Katra. Now Katra to Banihal track remains to be laid to complete the Jammu–Baramulla line.

The Northern Railway Construction Organization (Jammu–Baramulla line) is working on connecting Udhampur and Srinagar.

Air[edit]

Udhampur Air Force Station of the Indian Air Force (IAF) is located in Udhampur but it is not open for civilians. Jammu Airport is the nearest civilian airport.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e A-4 Towns And Urban Agglomerations Classified By Population Size Class In 2011 With Variation Since 1901. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India (Report).
    Class - II Population of 50,000 and 99,999 (Report).
  2. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Udhampur, India". Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  3. ^ "Climatological Table, Period: 1971-2000", India Meteorological Department, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India, archived from the original on 21 November 2011

16. Pingla Mata Shrine — Pingla Mata Cave is situated in Village Pinger of Ramnagar Tehsil in Udhampur District.

External links[edit]