Ehud "Udi" Adiv (Hebrew: אהוד "אודי" אדיב) (born June 21, 1946) is an Israeli political scientist and lecturer at the Open University of Israel. In his youth, he was a left-wing anti-Zionist activist who was eventually convicted of treason and membership in a hostile organization  and who served over a decade in prison.
Ehud (Udi) Adiv was born and raised on Kibbutz Gan Shmuel, one of four children born to Uriel (Uri) and Tova Adiv. Both of his parents were sabras, or native-born Jews in what was then British Mandatory Palestine, and his father was likewise born on Gan Shmuel to one of the founders of the kibbutz.
Adiv grew up in a left-wing political environment. He was conscripted into the Israel Defense Forces and served in the Paratroopers Brigade. He fought in the Six-Day War. He was among the soldiers who fought in the battle for Jerusalem. He became disillusioned and politically radicalized by his wartime experiences, and developed Communist views.
Following his discharge from active service, Adiv enrolled at Tel Aviv University and pursued undergraduate studies in philosophy and Middle Eastern studies. In the early 1970s, he joined the extreme left and became involved in militant anti-Zionist activities at conferences of the Israeli socialist organization Matzpen. In 1971, while studying at the University of Haifa, he joined a Marxist–Leninist group called the "Revolutionary Communiust Alliance - Red Front".
Adiv established contact with Syrian intelligence, and met Habib Kawahji, a former Israeli-Arab who had emigrated from Israel after serving prison time for anti-Israeli Arab nationalist activities, and who was believed to be working for Arab intelligence agencies, in Athens. Through him, he established contact with Syrian intelligence and was sent to Damascus, having been given a Syrian passport in the name of George Khoury. In Damascus, he met with Syrian intelligence agents, and gave them information about Israeli society, military bases, and recruitment slogans among other things. He underwent sabotage training and was then sent back to Israel. Other members of the Red Front, some recruited by Adiv himself, were also involved in the plot, and were sent to Syria for sabotage training. The cell was to carry out attacks inside Israel. The Israeli internal security service, Shin Bet, discovered this, and the cell's members, including Adiv, were arrested in December 1972.
In 1973, the members of the cell were tried, convicted, and given varying prison sentences. Adiv, who had refused to express remorse for his actions, was sentenced to 17 years in prison. At his request, he was placed in the same wing of his prison that Palestinian security prisoners were held in.
In 1975, while still imprisoned, Adiv married Sylvia Klingberg, the daughter of Marcus Klingberg, who would later be arrested and convicted for passing Israeli biological warfare secrets to the Soviet Union. The ceremony was held in Ayalon Prison. They divorced three years later. In 1981, he petitioned that he be allowed to marry Leah, who had been his girlfriend prior to his arrest, and that they be allowed conjugal visits to have a child, but his request was refused. His appeal to the President for an amnesty was also rejected.
In May 1985, after 12.5 years in prison, and after expressing remorse for his actions and admitting that he had been a pawn in the hands of the Syrians rather than a fighter for the Palestinians, Adiv was released from prison under restrictive conditions as part of the Jibril Agreement. In August 1985, he married Leah. As they were too old to have a biological child, they requested permission to adopt a child. At first, welfare authorities refused their request, but later accepted it, subject to conditions.
Following his release, Adiv turned to political science studies. Three years after his release, he completed a Doctoral thesis entitled "Politics and Identity: A Critical Analysis of Israeli Historiography and Political Thought"  at the University of London (under the supervision of Sami Zubaida on Zionist historiography and particularly 1948 historiography. He was then appointed as a lecturer of Political Science in the Open University of Israel. He also was accepted as a teacher at the Arab-Palestinian Film School in Nazareth.
In February 1973 controversy erupted over the trial of Daud Turki, Udi Adiv and Dan Vered, together with other Israeli leftist radicals of the Revolutionary Communist Alliance - Red Front, a splinter offshoot of the Socialist Organization in Israel (Matzpen)]. According to testimony at the trial, Adiv traveled clandestinely to Damascus via Athens to meet PLO resistance leaders. The case was dubbed by the Hebrew press as the "Syrian spy ring trial." Udi Adiv and Daud Turki were sentenced to seventeen years imprisonment.
Adiv was mentioned by Yasser Arafat in his "Gun and the Olive Branch" speech before the United Nations General Assembly in 1974. In that speech, Arafat said: "As he stood in an Israeli military court, the Jewish revolutionary, Ehud Adiv, said : 'I am no terrorist; I believe that a democratic State should exist on this land.' Adiv now languishes in a Zionist prison among his co-believers. To him and his colleagues I send my heartfelt good wishes."
Of his experience, Adiv said: "For me and for many young people, the 1967 war and its aftermath were a real shock. I woke up to the hypocrisy of the Mapam, its nationalism and refusal of any form of solidarity with the Palestinians. As a student I tried to make direct contact with the latter. And so, after a succession of secret meetings, I ended up, stupidly, in Damascus. Needless to say, I never gave the Syrians a scrap of information."
- The Jewish Question and the Zionist Movement
- Politics and Identity:A Critical Analysis of Israeli Historiography and Political Thought, London, UP, 1998
- B'Yom Bahir Ro'im et Damesek (1984) (On a Clear Day You Can See Damascus)
- Udi Adiv, A broken Israeli myth
- "Exposure of a Jewish-Arab Espionage and Terror Network (1972)".
- "Bubble of sanity: Udi Adiv, 30 years later". Haaretz.com. 31 August 2001.
- "Yossi Klein Halevi: I am looking for the vanished Israel". haaretz.com.
- "Politics and Identity". google.com.
- "Exposure of a Jewish-Arab Espionage and Terror Network (1972)". shabak. gov.il.
- "A/PV.2282 and Corr.1 of 13 November 1974". Domino.un.org. Archived from the original on 4 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Aldeilis (EN)". Aldeilis (EN).
- "B'Yom Bahir Ro'im et Dameshek (1984)". IMDb.
- "Amazon.com: Udi Adiv, A broken Israeli myth: Yitzhak Rubin: Movies & TV". amazon.com.
- (August, 2000) "Could Israel’s kibbutz experiment finally fail?". Le Monde Diplomatique
- (September 11, 1998) "Israeli court orders release of aging spy". Jerusalem Post
- Uri Davis (Winter, 1996). "Citizenship legislation in the Syrian Arab Republic". Arab Studies Quarterly
- Unsigned (Dec. 25, 1972) "The Sabra Spies" Time Magazine