Udubidae

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Udubidae
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Udubidae
Griswold & Polotow, 2015[1]
Genera

See text

Diversity[2]
4 genera, 12 species
Map showing distribution of Udubidae in Central Africa

Udubidae is a family of araneomorph spiders, most of whose members were formerly placed in the family Zorocratidae, which is no longer accepted.[3]

Phylogeny[edit]

A study investigating the phylogenetic relationships of lycosoid spiders concluded that the genera formerly placed in the family Zorocratidae fell into two groups. The largest group formed the sister clade to the "grate-shaped tapetum clade" (see the cladogram below). The type genus, Zorocrates, grouped with Zoropsis inside the grate-shaped tapetum clade.[3] Some earlier studies had also cast doubt on the monophyly of the Zorocratidae. A 2003 study found that Raecius, Uduba, and Zorodictyna formed a clade somewhat separated from Zorocrates.[4] A 2014 study including Zorocrates and Raecius did not find that they grouped together.[5]

Moving the type genus to a different family meant that a new family name was needed for the remaining members. Griswold and Polotow proposed "Udubidae", with the type genus Uduba.[3] As of November 2015, the World Spider Catalog accepted this family.[1] A summary phylogeny is shown below.[3]

RTA clade

basal groups

Dionycha

Oval calamistrum clade

Udubidae (including Raecius, Uduba & Zorodictyna)

Grate-shaped tapetum clade

Zoropsidae (including Zorocrates)

Lycosoidea

(Shading marks genera formerly placed in Zorocratidae.)

Genera[edit]

As of November 2015, the World Spider Catalog accepted the following genera:[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Family: Udubidae Griswold & Polotow, 2015", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2015-11-06
  2. ^ "Currently valid spider genera and species", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2015-11-09
  3. ^ a b c d Polotow, Daniele; Carmichael, Anthea & Griswold, Charles E. (2015), "Total evidence analysis of the phylogenetic relationships of Lycosoidea spiders (Araneae, Entelegynae)", Invertebrate Systematics, 29 (2): 124–163, doi:10.1071/IS14041
  4. ^ Davila, Diana Silva (2003), "Higher-level relationships of the spider family Ctenidae (Araneae, Ctenoidea)", Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (274), retrieved 2015-10-17
  5. ^ Ramírez, M. (2014), The morphology and phylogeny of Dionychan spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae), Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (390), retrieved 2015-10-31, p. 289